A bazaar (from Persian بازار (bāzār), meaning "market"; from Middle Persianبهاچار(bahā-chār), meaning "place of prices") is a permanent enclosed merchandising area, marketplace, or street of shops where goods and services are exchanged or sold. (A souq, by contrast, is an open-air marketplace or commercial quarter.) The term is sometimes also used to refer to the "network of merchants, bankers, and craftsmen" who work that area. Although the current meaning of the word is believed to have originated in Persia, its use has spread and now has been accepted into the vernacular in countries around the world. The rise of large bazaars and stock trading centers in the Muslim World allowed the creation of new capitals and eventually new empires.
^["the Bazaar (the complex network of merchants, bankers and craftsmen who make up the heart of the traditional Islamic city)") from Introduction to Shi'i Islam, Momen, Moojan, (Yale University Press, 1985), p. 200]