Bazhong

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Bazhong
巴中市
Prefecture-level city
Location of Bazhong in Sichuan
Location of Bazhong in Sichuan
Coordinates: 31°52′N 106°45′E / 31.867°N 106.750°E / 31.867; 106.750Coordinates: 31°52′N 106°45′E / 31.867°N 106.750°E / 31.867; 106.750
Country People's Republic of China
Province Sichuan
County-level divisions 1 district
3 counties
Municipal seat Bazhou District
Area
 • Prefecture-level city 12,301 km2 (4,749 sq mi)
 • Urban 2,566 km2 (991 sq mi)
 • Metro 2,566 km2 (991 sq mi)
Elevation 392 m (1,286 ft)
Highest elevation 2,507 m (8,225 ft)
Lowest elevation 208.3 m (683.4 ft)
Population (2010 census)
 • Prefecture-level city 3,283,771
 • Density 270/km2 (690/sq mi)
 • Urban 1,126,790
 • Urban density 440/km2 (1,100/sq mi)
 • Metro 1,126,790
 • Metro density 440/km2 (1,100/sq mi)
Time zone China Standard (UTC+8)
Postal code 636600
Area code(s) 0827
Licence plate prefixes 川Y
Website http://www.cnbz.gov.cn/

Bazhong (Chinese: 巴中; pinyin: Bāzhōng; Wade–Giles: Pa-chung; literally: "centre of Ba") is a prefecture-level city in north-eastern Sichuan province, People's Republic of China. Its population was 3,283,771 at the 2010 census whom 1,126,790 lived in the built-up (or metro) area made up of Bazhou urban district.

History[edit]

Bazhong was made a prefecture-level city in 1993. Its history, however, goes back much further. During the Xia and Shang Dynasties, it was purportedly a vassal territory of the Liang State. In the Spring and Autumn Period, it was called Bazi (巴子). In the Qin and Western Han dynasties it was called Ba County (巴郡). In the Eastern Han Dynasty around the year 100 AD it was changed to Hanchang County (漢昌縣). One hundred years later it reverted to Baxi County (巴西). Since then, it has usually either been called Liang County (梁郡) or Yi County (益州).

Geography[edit]

Bazhong is located at the southern end of the Daba Mountains, and borders Shaanxi province in the north, Dazhou City to the east, Nanchong to the south, and Guangyuan to the west. Its area is 12,301 square kilometres (4,749 sq mi). The area is mountainous with elevations ranging from 208.3 to 2,507 metres (683 to 8,225 ft) above sea level.[1]

Bazhong has a monsoon-influenced humid subtropical climate (Köppen Cwa) and is largely mild and humid, with four distinct seasons. Winter is short, mild, and foggy, though actual precipitation is low. January averages 5.8 °C (42.4 °F), and while frost may occur, snow is rare. Summers are long, hot and humid, with highs often reaching 33 °C (91 °F). The daily average in July and August is around 27 °C (81 °F), with August being slightly warmer. Spring is warm and temperatures rise quickly but unstably, and hail is common. Rainfall is light in winter and can be heavy in summer, and more than 70% of the annual total occurs from May to September. The annual frost-free period lasts from 260 to 280 days.

Climate data for Bazhong (1971−2000)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 9.7
(49.5)
12.0
(53.6)
16.3
(61.3)
22.5
(72.5)
26.9
(80.4)
29.3
(84.7)
31.7
(89.1)
32.5
(90.5)
26.8
(80.2)
21.5
(70.7)
16.3
(61.3)
11.0
(51.8)
21.4
(70.5)
Average low °C (°F) 3.0
(37.4)
4.8
(40.6)
8.5
(47.3)
13.2
(55.8)
17.6
(63.7)
21.0
(69.8)
23.3
(73.9)
23.1
(73.6)
19.4
(66.9)
14.6
(58.3)
9.4
(48.9)
4.9
(40.8)
13.6
(56.4)
Precipitation mm (inches) 11.8
(0.465)
13.4
(0.528)
30.5
(1.201)
71.8
(2.827)
121.8
(4.795)
165.0
(6.496)
240.6
(9.472)
162.6
(6.402)
166.0
(6.535)
84.0
(3.307)
39.0
(1.535)
14.1
(0.555)
1,120.6
(44.118)
Avg. precipitation days (≥ 0.1 mm) 7.3 7.4 10.8 12.3 13.5 13.6 14.8 11.4 14.0 13.8 10.2 7.7 136.8
Source: Weather China[1]

Administration[edit]

Bazhong has 1 city, 3 counties, 250 township, and 2,355 villages. The population is 3,561,000 with 455,000 of that urban.

Map
Bazhong mcp.png
# Name Hanzi Hanyu Pinyin Population (2004 est.) Area (km²) Density (/km²)
1 Bazhou District 巴州区 Bāzhōu Qū 1,290,000 2,566 503
2 Tongjiang County 通江县 Tōngjiāng Xiàn 720,000 4,125 175
3 Nanjiang County 南江县 Nánjiāng Xiàn 630,000 3,383 186
4 Pingchang County 平昌县 Píngchāng Xiàn 960,000 2,227 431

Economy[edit]

Bazhong's GDP reached RMB 28.09 billion in 2010, representing a rise of 14.7%. The city's GDP accounted for approximately 1.9% of Sichuan and ranked 19th in the province.[2]

Tourism[edit]

the Nankan Cliff Figures, the Sichuan-Shaanxi Revolutionary Base Museum, the Red Fourth Army Headquarters Site, Enyang Ancient Town, Nuoshui River Scenery Area, Kong Mountain National Forest Park, and Zhongfeng Cave are major tourism destinations in Bazhong.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "巴中城市介绍" (in Simplified Chinese). Weather China. Retrieved 2011-06-02. 
  2. ^ 2010年巴中市国民经济和社会发展统计公报 (Chinese)

External links[edit]