Beacon, Jersey City

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Jersey City Medical Center
JCMC old fr SI Ferry jeh.jpg
From the harbor
Beacon, Jersey City is located in New Jersey
Beacon, Jersey City
Location Roughly bounded by Montgomery Street, Cornelison Avenue, Dupont Street and Clifton Place, and Baldwin Avenue, Jersey City, New Jersey
Coordinates 40°43′20″N 74°3′51″W / 40.72222°N 74.06417°W / 40.72222; -74.06417Coordinates: 40°43′20″N 74°3′51″W / 40.72222°N 74.06417°W / 40.72222; -74.06417
NRHP Reference # 85003057[1]
NJRHP # 1515[2]
Significant dates
Added to NRHP November 27, 1985
Designated NJRHP March 19, 1985

The Beacon is a new mixed-use development emerging from the rehabilitation of the original complex of the Jersey City Medical Center that also restores historical features of the exterior façades and public interior spaces. It is located on a 14-acre (57,000 m2) site on Bergen Hill, a crest of the Hudson Palisades and one of the highest geographical points in Jersey City, New Jersey. It creates the northeastern corner the Bergen Lafayette Section and is just east of McGinley Square. It will include two million square feet of residential and retail space, approximately 1,200 luxury residences and 80,000 square feet (7,400 m2) of retail space.[3]

History[edit]

The hospital began as the "Charity Hospital" by the Board of Aldermen of Jersey City who bought land at Baldwin Avenue and Montgomery Street in 1882 for a new hospital. The locale was chosen to remove the hospital from the industrial development at Paulus Hook. This building is now the Medical Center building. It was renamed the Jersey City Hospital in 1885 and had expanded to 200 beds. In 1909, the original hospital building was reserved for men and a second wing was added for women. When Frank Hague became mayor of Jersey City in 1917, he planned to expand the hospital. He had the original building renovated and constructed a new 23-story structure for surgery, known as The Orpheum. The new facility opened in 1931, and George O'Hanlon was the first director.

During the Great Depression, new buildings were added as a Works Progress Administration project secured by Mayor Frank Hague,[4] The Jersey City Medical Center included such architectural and designer trappings as marble walls, terrazzo floors, etched glass, decorative moldings and glittering chandeliers, and had one of the most famous maternity wards in the country – the Margaret Hague Maternity Hospital.[5] The formal dedication of the Medical Center Complex, the B. S. Pollack Hospital, was on October 2, 1936, with Franklin D. Roosevelt dedicating the building. During the 1950s, JCMC was the home of the medical school of Seton Hall University, which later became the New Jersey Medical School, now located in Newark. Oversized and understaffed, in 1988[6] the Medical Center declared bankruptcy and became a private, non-profit organization. In 1994, the State of New Jersey designated the Medical Center as a regional trauma center, and in the late 1990s it was approved as a core teaching affiliate of Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai. The hospital and offices moved to a new complex in 2004. Prior to that, one building of the complex, 591 Montgomery Street had been converted for senior assisted-living residence.

Metrovest Equities was designated the redeveloper of the property in 2003 and officially closed on it in 2005. The developer is converting the ten federally landmarked, Art Deco buildings in the largest residential restoration project in the country and the largest in the history of New Jersey, with an expected cost estimated at $350 million.[7]

Use of existing infrastructure and restoration[edit]

The rehabilitation of The Beacon represents a massive recycling and adaptive reuse effort. The existing buildings are listed on the New Jersey Register of Historic Places and National Register of Historic Places,[8] and are the largest concentration of Art Deco buildings in the state. Unlike other proposals which had called for the demolition of the buildings, Metrovest intends to restore them to their original glory while simultaneously creating a viable new use using a team of craftsmen and historic preservationists to execute the restoration, which is being performed under the Secretary of Interior’s Guidelines for Historic Rehabilitation. This includes rebuilding and restoring the buildings’ entire façades using the strictest of methods and materials, and restoring the protected interior spaces.

Painstaking efforts to re-establish the historic grandeur and character of the interior spaces included refurbishing original chandeliers, plaster, decorative painting, marble, elevator door surrounds and windows that are being gilded with gold leafs. Former Art Deco theaters, lobbies, public corridors, executive offices and meeting rooms were restored, with many of the spaces converted to an elaborate amenity offering for Beacon residents, including Mayor Hague's former office which now serves as a poker room.

Conversion[edit]

Three buildings after conversion with entrance at Montgomery Street

One building of the complex at 591 Montgomery Street had been converted for senior assisted-living residence before Metrovest's involvement. The company completed the conversion of the first two buildings by 2008. Named The Rialto and The Capital after famous theaters, the buildings contain 315 condominium residences, joined by a two-story lobby and a 45,000-square-foot (4,200 m2) amenity core which features a gym, indoor pool, spa, screening room, and children's playroom. On the second floor are a restored theater/event space with catering kitchen and a rooftop sundeck. Other restored spaces include a poker room, reading gallery and a billiards hall. The next residential phase opened in 2012. The Mercury building features 126 rental residences. That was followed by the Spring 2013 opening of The Orpheum, a 22-story, 158-unit rental building with one and two-bedroom residences offering 14’ lofted ceilings. Construction continued on the parking garage that features a landscaped rooftop park with views of the Manhattan skyline, completed in late 2013. By early 2014 The Paramount building was next to be finished, with 20 stories of mainly one and two bedroom rental units, and its own gym. At least three additional buildings are still to be converted for residential and retail use.

Aerial photo of The Beacon in Jersey City, New Jersey.

Pop culture[edit]

Murdoch Hall

The Beacon’s existing buildings, particularly the former nurses's residence Murdoch Hall, have often been used for filming movies, TV commercials and music videos, including the Robert Redford-directed Quiz Show starring John Turturro [9] and Stanley Tucci’s The Impostors.[10] Richard Price 1992 novel, Clockers, makes a thinly veiled reference to the abandoned Margaret Hague Maternity Hospital on Clifton Place. A "chronicler of Hudson County's underbelly", Price describes how drug addicts stripped the hospital interior of artifacts to be sold for scrap.[11]

See also[edit]

Preceded by
26 Journal Square
Tallest Building in Jersey City
The Orpheum

1931—1936
90m
Succeeded by
Jersey City Medical Center
Preceded by
Jersey City Medical Center
Tallest Building in Jersey City
B.S. Pollack Hospital

1936—1989
98m
Succeeded by
Harborside Financial Center

References[edit]

External links[edit]