Bear Mountain Bridge Road
Bear Mountain Bridge Road
Road on Anthony's Nose, 2009.
|Area||3 miles (4.8 km); 18 acres (7.3 ha)|
|Governing body||New York State Department of Transportation, Town of Cortlandt|
|MPS||Hudson Highlands MRA|
|NRHP Reference #||82001266|
|Added to NRHP||November 23, 1982|
Bear Mountain Bridge Road is a three-mile (4.8 km), two-lane section of US 6/202 from the west approach to Bear Mountain Bridge to a former toll house in the Town of Cortlandt, New York, United States. It winds around the steep, rocky slopes of Anthony's Nose, the southernmost peak of the Hudson Highlands on the east side of the Hudson River. In its first mile from the junction with NY 9D it climbs 200 feet (61 m) to a scenic overlook that looks out over Iona Island, Dunderberg Mountain, the city of Peekskill and the Charles Point power plant. There are interpretive displays on the history of the area during the Revolutionary War, where the Hudson River Chain was deployed and the Battle of Forts Clinton and Montgomery was fought.
Near its eastern end, approximately 2.5 miles (4.0 km) from the bridge, is a Tudor Revival-style former toll house. It also served as the toll taker's residence. In 2002 it was renovated by the Town of Cortlandt and now serves as an information center and gift shop for visitors to the region. A small parking lot serves hikers taking a popular trail along Anthony's Nose, through lands in the Camp Smith New York Army National Guard base just above the highway, to the Appalachian Trail just north of the bridge.
At its eastern end, before intersecting with US 9 at the Annsville Circle, the road falls to the level of the Hudson River, which it parallels. There, near the entrance to Camp Smith, looking south across a bay and the Metro-North railroad, can be seen the Indian Point nuclear power plant.
The state required the Harriman family to build the road when the bridge was built in the mid-1920s, in order to connect the bridge with US 9 just north of Peekskill. It was intended to be higher on the mountainside than the similar Storm King Highway, which had been built upriver a decade earlier. Like that road, it has a stone wall, made from the 21,000 cubic yards (16,000 m3) of material excavated during the highway's construction.
The legislation that allowed the bridge's construction stipulated that the road and bridge would revert to the state at no cost after 30 years. When that happened, the toll collected on the eastern end was eliminated, and the toll collector and his wife moved to the western toll house, where he served as bridge manager, until he retired. The road and toll house were listed together on the National Register of Historic Places in 1982 as part of the Hudson Highlands Multiple Resource Area multiple property submission, the only property in Westchester County included in that group.
- Barry, Elise (April 29, 1982). "National Register of Historic Places nomination, Bear Mountain Bridge Road and Toll House". New York State Office of Parks, Recreation and Historic Preservation. Retrieved September 3, 2009.
- "Bear Mountain Road Toll House Welcomes Visitors Again". Half Moon Press. hudsonriver.com. April 2004. Retrieved September 3, 2009.
- "Bear Mountain Tollhouse". Town of Cortlandt. Retrieved September 3, 2009. "The restored Toll House will be used as a Tourist Information and Welcome Center."