Bear River First Nation
Bear River First Nation (Mi'kmaq: L'sɨtkuk) is a Míkmaq First Nation located in both Annapolis County and Digby County, Nova Scotia. As of 2012, the Mi'kmaq population is 103 on-Reserve, and approximately 211 off-Reserve.
Bear River First Nation lies adjacent to the village of Bear River, Nova Scotia. It has a church, Saint Anne's, completed in 1836, and a school which serves toddler and preschool. The Mi'kmaq language is taught to children attending the school. A health centre was established in 1998.
Archaeological evidence suggests the community has existed in the area for 2,000 to 4,000 years. It lies in the ancient District of Kespukwitk, a part of the Mi'kmaq nation. The people of Bear River would have been the group that welcomed Pierre Dugua, Sieur de Mons, Samuel de Champlain and others who settled at Port-Royal in 1605. The sakmow, or chief, was Henri Membertou who befriended the French. The area around Port-Royal was the traditional summering site of Membertou's people.
The community were known as canoe builders who used their craft for fishing and hunting porpoise, in the Annapolis Basin and Bay of Fundy. Oil rendered from the porpoise was sold as a machine lubricant into the early part of the twentieth century.
Each summer the Bear River First Nation Heritage & Cultural Centre offers authentic cultural immersion in the life and traditions of the Mi’kmaq, featuring hands-on craft-making workshops. Local resident and Chief of the Bear River First Nation, Frank Meuse Jr. also offers retreats in the backcountry.
The Bear River First Nation is composed of three parts as shown, of which the largest is regularly occupied:
|Bear River 6||633.8 hectares (1,570 acres)||17.6 km. southeast of Digby||102||March 3, 1820|
|Bear River 6A||31.2 hectares (77 acres)||9.6 km. southeast of Annapolis Royal||0||March 3, 1938|
|Bear River 6B||24.3 hectares (60 acres)||6.4 km. southeast of Annapolis Royal||0||October 1, 1962|
- About L'sitkuk (Bear River First Nation)
- Bear River First Nation: Population Registered
- Community Profile
- Bear River Educational Profile
- Bear River First Nation Health Centre
- Bear River First Nation: Way of Life: Pre-contact Times
- Daniel Paul, We Were Not the Savages, (second edition), 2000. p. 33
- Bear River First Nation: The French
- John Mack Faragher, A Great and Noble Scheme, Norton, 2005, p. 12
- Mi'kmaq Resource Centre (UCCB), Brief History of Muin Sipu (Bear River) and Early Porpoise Hunting
- Bear River First Nation: The Porpoise Hunt
- Nova Scotia.com
- Stone Bear Home Page
- Mi'kmaq Resource Centre (UCCB), Mi'kmaw Bands in Nova Scotia, 2010
- Bear River First Nation
- "Learning About Native Heritage At The Bear River"
- Santeles First Nation cultural Awareness Local profiles