Beata Beatrix

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Beata Beatrix
Beata Beatrix
Dante Gabriel Rossetti - Beata Beatrix, 1864-1870.jpg
Artist Dante Gabriel Rossetti
Year c. 1864–1870
Type Oil on canvas
Dimensions 86.4 cm × 66 cm (34 in × 26 in)
Location Tate Britain, London

Beata Beatrix is an oil on canvas painting by Pre-Raphaelite artist Dante Gabriel Rossetti, completed in 1870. It depicts Beatrice Portinari from Dante Alighieri's poem La Vita Nuova at the moment of her death. The painting's title in English translates to 'Blessed Beatrice'. La Vita Nuova had been a story that Rossetti had found of interest from childhood and he had begun work translating it into English in 1845 and published it in his work, The Early Italian Poets.[1]

Rossetti modeled Beatrice after his deceased wife and frequent model, Elizabeth Siddal, who died in 1862. The painting was created from the numerous drawings that Rossetti had made of Siddal during their time together.[2] The symbolism in the painting of a red dove, a messenger of love, relates back to Rossetti's love for Siddal with the white poppy representing laudanum and the means of her death.[3] Several of Siddal's friends found the painting to bear little resemblance to the drawings of her—the facial features were harder and the neck is out of proportion. Beata Beatrix is one of Rossetti's most recognized works and has made Siddal's name to be one that is frequently linked with Dante Alighieri's Beatrice.[4]

In an 1873 letter to his friend William Morris, Rossetti said he intended the painting "not as a representation of the incident of the death of Beatrice, but as an ideal of the subject, symbolized by a trance or sudden spiritual transfiguration."[5]

This painting is on display in the Tate Britain. It was a gift in memory of Francis, Baron Mount-Temple by his wife, Georgiana in 1889.[3]

Replicas by Rossetti[edit]

Rossetti was commissioned by William Graham to make a replica of Beata Beatrix. This oil replica, dated 1872, is almost the same size as the original but has a predella depicting Dante Alighieri and Beatrice meeting in paradise with a frame designed by Rossetti. It was given by bequest and on display at the Art Institute of Chicago.[6]

Several other replica works were made by Rossetti of Beata Beatrix—a watercolor, a chalk drawing and another oil painting that was begun in 1877. This replica was still unfinished at the time of his death. His lifelong friend, Ford Madox Brown, completed it. In this painting, in contrast to the original, the bird flying towards Beatrice is a white dove holding red poppies in its beak.[4] This painting is in Birmingham Museum and Art Gallery, England.[7]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ "Catalogue entry from The Age of Rossetti, Burne-Jones & Watts:Symbolism in Britain 1860-1910". tate.org. Retrieved 9 July 2012. 
  2. ^ "Beata Beatrix". victorian web.org. Retrieved 8 July 2012. 
  3. ^ a b "'Beata Beatrix', Dante Gabriel Rossetti". liverpoolmuseums.org. Retrieved 10 July 2012. 
  4. ^ a b Hawksley, (2000), p. 115
  5. ^ McDonnell, Patricia and Rodgers, Timothy R. (2007). "Beata Beatrix". victorian web.org. Retrieved February 2, 2008. 
  6. ^ Bulletin of the Art Institute of Chicago-Volumes 16-21. books.google.com. pp. 102, 103. Retrieved 9 July 2012. 
  7. ^ "Oil Painting—Beata Beatrix". bmagic.org. Retrieved 8 July 2012. 

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