Beatrice De Cardi
|Beatrice de Cardi|
5 June 1914 |
Beatrice E. de Cardi OBE, FBA, FSA (born 5 June 1914) is an archaeologist specializing in the study of the Persian Gulf and the Baluchistan region of Pakistan. She is president of the British Foundation for the Study of Arabia, and she was formerly Secretary of the Council for British Archaeology from 1949 to 1973.
De Cardi received her earliest training as an assistant at the digs conducted by Sir Mortimer Wheeler at the Iron Age fort of Maiden Castle in southern England. After the Second World War, she became an assistant trade Commissioner in Karachi, Delhi, and Lahore, from which locations she conducted archaeological surveys in western Baluchistan. De Cardi's work there involved collecting surface materials (including ceramic sherds, copper objects, bone and flint) from a number of sites in Jhalawan. She later carried out work in the Persian Gulf, and launched a number of expeditions in the United Arab Emirates that yielded the first examples of Ubaid pottery in the region.
Of her fieldwork more generally, de Cardi has previously stated, "I have never had any difficulties [...] I am not a woman or a man when I am working in the Gulf or anywhere else. I am a professional and they have always accepted that." As a result of her research a number of new sites were identified, dating from the early neolithic to the medieval period.
In 1989 de Cardi was awarded the Al Qasimi Medal for archaeological services to Ras Al Khaimah, and in 1993 the Burton Memorial Medal by the Royal Asiatic Society. The Council for British Archaeology founded an annual talk, the Beatrice de Cardi Lecture, in her honour in 1976. Since 1995 de Cardi has been an Honorary Fellow at University College London. She turned 100 in June 2014. In June 2014, she was awarded the Gold Medal of the Society of Antiquaries of London 'for distinguished services to archaeology'.
- De Cardi, Beatrice. Archaeological Surveys in Baluchistan, 1948 and 1957. London: Institute of Archaeology, 1983.
- De Cardi, Beatrice. The De Cardi Family in Britain. London, 2006.
- De Cardi, Beatrice. Excavations at Bampur, a Third Millennium Settlement in Persian Baluchistan, 1966. New York: American Museum of Natural History, 1970.
- De Cardi, Beatrice. "Exploring the Lower Gulf, 1947-2007" in Antiquity: A Quarterly Review of World Archaeology, Vol. 82, no. 315, p. 165-77.
- De Cardi, Beatrice, and D. Brian Doe. Archaeological Survey in the Northern Trucial States. Rome, 1971.
- Phillips, C. S., Daniel T. Potts, Sarah Searight, and Beatrice De Cardi (eds.). Arabia and its neighbours: essays on prehistorical and historical developments presented in honour of Beatrice de Cardi. Turnhout: Brepols, 1998.
- "Birthdays". The Independent. 1996-06-05. Retrieved 2009-03-28.
- "CBA Trustees". Council for British Archaeology. Archived from the original on 31 March 2009. Retrieved 2009-03-28.
- "De Cardi still retains passion for archaeology." Gulf News 7 Mar. 2009
- Brown, Jonathan (2008-04-04). "Independent Online interview, 4 April 2008". The Independent (London).
- Beatrice de Cardi Lecture, retrieved 2013-05-19
- "De Cardi still retains passion for archaeology". Gulfnews. 2009-03-06. Archived from the original on 10 March 2009. Retrieved 2009-03-28.
- "Beatrice De Cardi at 100". News and Events. UCL Institute of Archaeology. 2014-06-06. Retrieved 2014-06-06.
- "Presentation of Society Medals 2014". Society of Antiquaries of London. 30 April 2014. Retrieved 22 June 2014.
- Making history: the world's oldest archaeologist (Independent Online)
- "Better than Indiana Jones", a BBC short clip.
- "Leading TV historians pay tribute to “the world’s oldest archaeologist”", Heritage Daily, 25 February 2014