Beatrice of Luxembourg

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For other uses, see Queen Beatrice of Hungary.
Beatrice of Luxembourg
Queen consort of Hungary
Tenure 1318–1319
Spouse Charles I of Hungary
House House of Luxembourg (by birth)
House of Anjou (by marriage)
Father Henry VII, Holy Roman Emperor
Mother Margaret of Brabant
Born 1305
Died 11 November 1319 (age 13–14)
Temesvár, Hungary
Burial Varaždin Cathedral

Beatrice of Luxembourg (1305 – 11 November 1319), was by birth member of the House of Luxembourg and by marriage Queen of Hungary.

She was the youngest child of Henry VII, Holy Roman Emperor and his wife, Margaret of Brabant. Her two siblings were John of Luxembourg and Marie of Luxembourg, Queen of France.

Life[edit]

At the time of his death (1313), Emperor Henry VII initiated the negotiations for a marriage between and Charles, Duke of Calabria, son and heir of King Robert of Naples, and also planned to marry again (his wife was already died in 1311) with Catherine of Habsburg. Beatrice was called by her father to Italy, where she arrived with her paternal grandmother, Beatrice d'Avesnes. The marriage plans with the Duke of Calabria failed, and the Emperor began negotiations for a marriage with Prince Peter of Sicily, eldest son and heir of King Frederick III; however, the current political conflicts between the Holy Roman Empire and the Kingdom of Sicily soon ended this planned betrothal too.

When King Charles I of Hungary (whose first wife Maria of Bytom, had died in 1317) decided to marry again, he sent to the Kingdom of Bohemia two representants, Tomasz Széchény and Szymon Kacsics, in addition to an interpreter, a bourgeois from Szoprońskim called Stefan, in order to find a bride. King John called his two sisters to his court; at that moment, Marie resided in St. Marienthal Abbey and Beatrice remained in Italy. Both princesses arrived to Prague on 20 June 1318, and three days later, the Hungarian envoys meet both girls at the monastery of Zbraslav, where the Bohemian king gave them the opportunity to choose between them their future queen. After a calculated assessment of both personal and physical attitudes, they chose Beatrice. Soon after, the formal engagement took place, and the young bride parted with the Hungarian entourage to her new home. On the border of the Kingdom of Hungary she was officially welcomed by Charles I's messengers. Beatrice and Charles I married at the Octave of Saint Martin (between 12 and 17 November) and she was crowned Queen of Hungary in the ceremony.

Beatrice became pregnant in 1319. In November, she went into labour but died while giving birth. The child was stillborn. She was buried at Varaždin Cathedral.

Footnotes[edit]

References[edit]

  • Włodzimierz Dworzaczek: Genealogia, Warsaw 1959, tab. 46.
  • Jiří Spěváček: Jan Lucemburský a jeho doba 1296-1346, Prague 1994, p. 111, 176, 182, 266, 318.
  • Stanisław A. Sroka: Genealogia Andegawenów węgierskich, Kraków 1999, pp. 14-16.
Beatrice of Luxembourg
Born: 1305 Died: 11 November 1319
Royal titles
Preceded by
Maria of Bytom
Queen consort of Hungary
1318–1319
Succeeded by
Elisabeth of Poland