Beatrice of Silesia

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Beatrice of Silesia
Queen consort of Germany
Tenure 1314–1322
Spouse Louis IV, Holy Roman Emperor
Issue Matilda, Margravine of Meissen
Louis V the Brandenburger
Stephen II, Duke of Bavaria
House House of Wittelsbach (by marriage)
House of Piast (by birth)
Father Bolko I the Strict
Mother Beatrice of Brandenburg
Born 1290
Died 1322 (aged 31–32)

Beatrice of Silesia (also known as Beatrice of Świdnica; Polish: Beatrycze Świdnicka, German: Beatrix von Schweidnitz ; 1290 – 25 August 1322), was a Polish princess member of the House of Piast in the Silesian branch of Jawor-Świdnica and by marriage Duchess of Bavaria and German Queen.

Family[edit]

She was the second daughter of Bolko I the Strict, Duke of Jawor-Świdnica, by his wife Beatrice, daughter of Otto V, Margrave of Brandenburg-Salzwedel.[1][2]

Beatrice was the third of ten children born to her mother and father. Her siblings included: Bernard of Świdnica, Henry I of Jawor, Bolko II of Ziębice and Judith, wife of Stephen I, Duke of Bavaria

Seven years after the death of Beatrice's father and the birth of her posthumous sister, Anna, her mother Beatrice was remarried to Władysław of Bytom. From this marriage, Beatrice and her siblings gained two half-siblings: Casimir of Koźle and Euphemia, wife of Konrad I of Oleśnica.

Life[edit]

After her father's early death in 1301, Beatrice and her siblings were placed under the tutelage of their maternal uncle Herman, Margrave of Brandenburg-Salzwedel until 1305, when the oldest son of Bolko I, Bernard, assumed the government of his domains and the guardianship of his younger siblings, including Beatrix.

It was this brother Bernard who, wanting to secure an alliance with Bavaria, arranged Beatrice's marriage to Louis IV, Duke of Upper Bavaria. The wedding took place by 14 October 1308. During her marriage, Beatrice gave birth to six children, but only three survived adulthood: Matilda -by marriage Margravine of Meissen-, Louis V the Brandenburger -later Duke of Upper Bavaria, Margrave of Brandenburg and Count of Tyrol- and Stephen II -later Duke of Lower Bavaria-.

Duke Louis IV was elected German King on 20 October 1314. However, another faction had elected Frederick I of Austria as King on 19 October. The two rival Kings would continue their dispute for the rest of her life. She was one of two rival German queens, with Isabella of Aragon, wife of Frederick I.

Beatrice died, at Munich, a long time before her husband's coronation as Holy Roman Emperor (in 1328). Two years after her death, Louis IV was remarried to Margaret II, Countess of Hainaut.

Issue[edit]

Louis and Beatrix had six children; three of them lived to adulthood:

  1. Mathilde (aft. 21 June 1313 – 2 July 1346, Meißen), married at Nürnberg 1 July 1329 Friedrich II, Markgraf of Meißen
  2. a child (September 1314 – d. 1314?)
  3. Louis V the Brandenburger (1315–1361), duke of Upper Bavaria, margrave of Brandenburg, count of Tyrol
  4. Anna (c. 1316 – 29 January 1319, Kastl)
  5. Agnes (c. 1318 – d. 1318?)
  6. Stephen II (1319–1375), duke of Lower Bavaria
Preceded by
Margaret of Brabant
German Queen
20 October 1314 – 25 August 1322
With Isabella of Aragon (1315–1322)
Succeeded by
Margaret II, Countess of Hainaut

Notes and references[edit]

  1. ^ Marek, Miroslav. "A listing of descendants of Konrad I, Duke of Głogów". Genealogy.EU. [self-published source][better source needed]
  2. ^ Some sources states that she was daughter of Henry III, Duke of Glogów with further references).