Beatriz Galindo

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Beatriz Galindo
Beatriz Galindo.jpg
Beatriz Galindo
Born c. 1465
Salamanca, Spain
Died November 23, 1534
Madrid, Spain
Occupation Educator

Beatriz Galindo, sometimes spelled Beatrix, (born 1465? Salamanca – 23 November 1534 in Madrid) was a Spanish physician and educator. She was a writer, humanist and a teacher of Queen Isabella of Castile and her children. She was one of the most educated women of her time. There is uncertainty about her date of birth; some authors believe it is 1464 or 1474. She was also known as "La Latina."

Life[edit]

Statue to Beatriz Galindo in Madrid

Beatriz Galindo was born in a family of Zamoran origin in the lower nobility of hidalgos, formerly wealthy but almost destitute after the Civil Wars of Inheritance after Juan IV of Castile.

Her family chose her among her sisters to be a nun, since she was fond of reading, so they allowed her to take more education in grammar at one of the dependent institutions of University of Salamanca to help her career before taking the Orders, but her great skill in Latin set her on an academic career before she was twelve years old.

Beatriz Galindo received her education in Italy where she received her degree in Latin and Philosophy from the University of Salerno.[1][2] Unusually for that time in Europe the Italian universities welcomed women students. It is likely that she was at one time a student of the great Spanish scholar Antonio de Nebrija. [3]

She was nicknamed La Latina for her skill in Latin, and became a professor at the University of Salamanca, where she taught rhetoric, philosophy and medicine.[2] She was appointed tutor to the children of Queen Isabella of Castile.[1] She taught Catherine of Aragon, the future wife of Henry VIII of England, and Joanna of Castile, the future wife of Philip of Habsburg and later known as Juana the Mad.[4]

She wrote in Latin, producing poetry, and a commentary on Aristotle.[4]

In December 1491 she married Francisco Ramirez de Madrid. They had five children.

She was one of the first women to be active in public life during the renaissance. It is reported that she dressed in the habit of a nun or abbess.[1] She founded the Hospital of the Holy Cross (Santa Cruz de Madrid) in 1506 in Madrid, which still exists.[1]

The neighborhood in Madrid where she once lived is known today as La Latina from her nickname. There are statues of her in Salamanca and Madrid. On Calle Goya 10 in Madrid lies the Beatriz Galindo Secondary School. In Salamanca there is an early education and primary school that also takes her name.

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d The Biographical Dictionary of Women in Science
  2. ^ a b Women in Science - The Hidden Giants
  3. ^ Spanish Ministry of Education
  4. ^ a b Women's History at About.com

References[edit]

  • Arteaga, Almudena de (2007), Beatriz Galindo, The Queens Latin teacher, Algaba editions. ISBN 978-84-96107-89-2.