Beauce (electoral district)

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Beauce
Flag of Quebec.svg Quebec electoral district
Beauce (electoral district).png
Beauce in relation to other Quebec federal electoral districts
Federal electoral district
Legislature House of Commons
MP
 
 
 
Maxime Bernier
Conservative
District created 1867
First contested 1867
Last contested 2011
District webpage profile, map
Demographics
Population (2011)[1] 108,268
Electors (2011) 83,205
Area (km²)[2] 4,466.43
Pop. density (per km²) 24.2
Census divisions Beauce-Sartigan RCM, Les Etchemins RCM, Le Granit RCM, La Nouvelle-Beauce RCM, Robert-Cliche RCM
Census subdivisions Beauceville, Saint-Côme–Linière, Saint-Éphrem-de-Beauce, Saint-Gédéon-de-Beauce, Saint-Georges, Saint-Joseph-de-Beauce, Saint-Martin, Saint-Prosper, Saint-Victor, Sainte-Marie

Beauce is a federal electoral district in Quebec, Canada, that has been represented in the Canadian House of Commons since 1867. In 2006, it had a population of 103,617 people, of whom 82,123 were eligible voters.

The Beauce riding has the highest percentage of people that answered "Canadian" as their ethnic origin in the 2006 Census (84.0%; multiple responses).[3]

It is also the riding with the highest percentage of White Caucasians (99.3%).[4][5][6]

Geography[edit]

The riding is located south of Quebec City and covers the centre of the Beauce, straddling the Quebec regions of Chaudière-Appalaches and Estrie.

The electoral district has the regional county municipalities of Beauce-Sartigan and Robert-Cliche; that part of the Regional County Municipality of Les Etchemins comprises the municipalities of Sainte-Aurélie, Saint-Benjamin, Saint-Prosper and Saint-Zacharie; the Regional County Municipality of La Nouvelle-Beauce, excepting the Parish Municipality of Saint-Lambert-de-Lauzon; and that part of the Regional County Municipality of Le Granit comprises the municipalities of Saint-Ludger and Saint-Robert-Bellarmin.

The neighbouring ridings are Mégantic—L'Érable, Lotbinière—Chutes-de-la-Chaudière, and Lévis—Bellechasse.

History[edit]

The riding was created by the British North America Act of 1867, and still exists today without any name changes, although its boundaries have been redefined numerous times.

Members of Parliament[edit]

This riding has elected the following Members of Parliament:

Parliament Years Member Party
1st 1867–1872     Christian Pozer Liberal
2nd 1872–1874
3rd 1874–1876
1876–1878     Joseph Bolduc Conservative
4th 1878–1882
5th 1882–1884
1884–1887     Thomas Linière Taschereau Conservative
6th 1887–1891     Joseph Godbout Liberal
7th 1891–1896
8th 1896–1900
9th 1900–1901
1902–1904     Henri Sévérin Béland Liberal
10th 1904–1908
11th 1908–1911
12th 1911–1917
13th 1917–1921
14th 1921–1925
15th 1925–1926     Édouard Lacroix Liberal
16th 1926–1930
17th 1930–1935
18th 1935–1940
19th 1940–1945
20th 1945–1949     Ludger Dionne Liberal
21st 1949–1953     Raoul Poulin Independent
22nd 1953–1957
23rd 1957–1958
24th 1958–1962     Jean-Paul Racine Liberal
25th 1962–1963     Gérard Perron Social Credit
26th 1963–1965
27th 1965–1968     Jean-Paul Racine Liberal
28th 1968–1971     Romuald Rodrigue Ralliement créditiste
1971–1972     Social Credit
29th 1972–1974     Yves Caron Liberal
30th 1974–1979
31st 1979–1980     Fabien Roy Social Credit
32nd 1980–1984     Normand Lapointe Liberal
33rd 1984–1988     Gilles Bernier Progressive Conservative
34th 1988–1993
35th 1993–1997     Independent
36th 1997–2000     Claude Drouin Liberal
37th 2000–2004
38th 2004–2006
39th 2006–2008     Maxime Bernier Conservative
40th 2008–2011
41st 2011–present

Electoral history[edit]

Canadian federal election, 2011
Party Candidate Votes % ∆% Expenditures
Conservative Maxime Bernier 26,799 50.7 -11.7
New Democratic Serge Bergeron 15,831 30 +21.5
Liberal Claude Morin 5,833 11 +0.7
Bloc Québécois Sylvio Morin 3,535 6.7 -7.3
Green Etienne Doyon Lessard 852 1.6 -3.2
Total valid votes/Expense limit 52,850 100.0  
Total rejected ballots 681 1.3 -0.3
Turnout 53,531
Canadian federal election, 2008
Party Candidate Votes % ∆% Expenditures
Conservative Maxime Bernier 31,883 62.4 -4.6 $69,558
Bloc Québécois André Côté 7,143 14.0 -6.0 $17,239
Liberal René Roy 5,270 10.3 +2.4 $2,162
New Democratic Véronique Poulin 4,352 8.5 +5.9 $2,575
Green Nicolas Rochette 2,436 4.8 +2.3
Total valid votes/Expense limit 51,084 100.0   $87,470
Total rejected ballots 817 1.6
Turnout 51,901
Canadian federal election, 2006
Party Candidate Votes % ∆% Expenditures
Conservative Maxime Bernier 36,915 67.0 +49.3 $79,206
Bloc Québécois Patrice Moore 10,997 20.0 -16.3 $56,533
Liberal Jacques Lussier 4,364 7.9 -33.5 $55,809
New Democratic Cléo Chartier 1,405 2.6 -0.5 $1,020
Green Jean-Claude Roy 1,397 2.5 +0.3 $108
Total valid votes/Expense limit 55,078 100.0   $81,497
Canadian federal election, 2004
Party Candidate Votes % ∆% Expenditures
Liberal Claude Drouin 19,592 41.4 -14.6 $53,559
Bloc Québécois Jean-François Barbe 17,168 36.3 +9.7 $15,486
Conservative Alain Guay 8,091 17.1 +1.9 $7,118
New Democratic Philippe Giguère 1,443 3.0 +2.1 $1,377
Green Michel Binette 1,054 2.2  
Total valid votes/Expense limit 47,348 100.0   $79,683

Note: Conservative vote is compared to the total of the Canadian Alliance vote and Progressive Conservative vote in 2000 election.

Canadian federal election, 2000
Party Candidate Votes % ∆%
Liberal Claude Drouin 26,033 56.0 +6.9
Bloc Québécois Gary Morin 12,323 26.5 -0.1
Alliance Alain Guay 5,452 11.7
Progressive Conservative Gérard Parent 1,628 3.5 -17.3
Natural Law Louis Girard 611 1.3
New Democratic Pierre Malano 436 0.9 -0.7
Total valid votes 46,483 100.0
Canadian federal election, 1997
Party Candidate Votes % ∆%
Liberal Claude Drouin 22,156 49.1 +34.5
Bloc Québécois Lucie Dion 12,002 26.6 -9.7
Progressive Conservative Lise Bernier 9,385 20.8 +12.7
Independent Lili Weemen 843 1.9
New Democratic Joël Pinon 735 1.6 +0.9
Total valid votes 45,121 100.0
Canadian federal election, 1993
Party Candidate Votes % ∆%
Independent Gilles Bernier 20,238 40.2
Bloc Québécois Jean-Guy Breton 18,271 36.3
Liberal Pierre Gravel 7,336 14.6 -11.3
Progressive Conservative Jeannine Bourque 4,098 8.1 -60.6
New Democratic Tom Vouloumanos 364 0.7 -4.7
Total valid votes 50,307 100.0
Canadian federal election, 1988
Party Candidate Votes % ∆%
Progressive Conservative Gilles Bernier 36,212 68.7 +15.6
Liberal Pierre-Maurice Vachon 13,641 25.9 -17.2
New Democratic Danielle Wolfe 2,856 5.4 +2.8
Total valid votes 52,709 100.0
Canadian federal election, 1984
Party Candidate Votes % ∆%
Progressive Conservative Gilles Bernier 25,028 53.1 +51.2
Liberal Normand Lapointe 20,323 43.1 -7.8
New Democratic Serge L'Italien 1,217 2.6 +1.6
Parti nationaliste Paul-Emile Grondin 569 1.2
Total valid votes 47,137 100.0
Canadian federal election, 1980
Party Candidate Votes % ∆%
Liberal Normand Lapointe 21,647 50.9 +15.8
Social Credit Fabien Roy 18,734 44.0 -13.1
Progressive Conservative Michel Brochu 819 1.9 -4.3
Rhinoceros Germain Lambert 624 1.5 +0.7
New Democratic Luc Pepin 404 0.9 +0.5
Independent Renaud Loubier 276 0.6
Marxist–Leninist Claude Moreau 38 0.1
Total valid votes 42,542 100.0
Canadian federal election, 1979
Party Candidate Votes % ∆%
Social Credit Fabien Roy 24,770 57.1 +27.7
Liberal Yves Caron 15,193 35.0 -7.3
Progressive Conservative Paul-André Busque 2,704 6.2 -19.4
Rhinoceros Michel Chretien 344 0.8
New Democratic Raymond Philippe Roy 215 0.5 -0.8
Union populaire Marcel Baron 128 0.3
Total valid votes 43,354 100.0
Canadian federal election, 1974
Party Candidate Votes % ∆%
Liberal Yves Caron 13,855 42.3 +1.2
Social Credit Romuald Rodrigue 9,640 29.4 -10.2
Progressive Conservative Paul-André Busque 8,385 25.6 +8.3
Independent Claude Grenier 442 1.4
New Democratic Lucille Jacques 418 1.3 -0.7
Total valid votes 32,740 100.0
Canadian federal election, 1972
Party Candidate Votes % ∆%
Liberal Yves Caron 13,170 41.1 +13.7
Social Credit Romuald Rodrigue 12,686 39.6 -7.9
Progressive Conservative Paul-André Busque 5,551 17.3 -4.6
New Democratic Bertrand Gosselin 632 2.0 -0.3
Total valid votes 32,039 100.0

Note: Social Credit vote is compared to Ralliement créditiste vote in the 1968 election.

Canadian federal election, 1968
Party Candidate Votes % ∆%
Ralliement créditiste Romuald Rodrigue 13,428 47.5 +19.5
Liberal Jean-Paul Racine 7,752 27.4 -13.9
Progressive Conservative Gilles Beaudoin 6,207 21.9 +20.6
New Democratic Bertrand Gosselin 639 2.3 -27.2
Independent André Mathieu 260 0.9
Total valid votes 28,286 100.0
Canadian federal election, 1965
Party Candidate Votes % ∆%
Liberal Jean-Paul Racine 10,530 41.3 -0.8
New Democratic Robert Cliche 7,514 29.4 +26.5
Ralliement créditiste Gérard Perron 7,138 28.0 -22.5
Progressive Conservative Pierre Bardou 338 1.3 -3.2
Total valid votes 25,520 100.0

Note: Ralliement créditiste vote is compared to Social Credit vote in the 1963 election.

Canadian federal election, 1963
Party Candidate Votes % ∆%
Social Credit Gérard Perron 12,627 50.4 -8.4
Liberal Jean-Paul Racine 10,532 42.1 +4.3
Progressive Conservative Serge Beaudoin 1,134 4.5 +1.1
New Democratic Jean-Claude Morin 740 3.0
Total valid votes 25,033 100.0
Canadian federal election, 1962
Party Candidate Votes % ∆%
Social Credit Gérard Perron 15,230 58.8
Liberal Jean-Paul Racine 9,774 37.7 -4.6
Progressive Conservative Georges Dubois 901 3.5 -13.7
Total valid votes 25,905 100.0
Canadian federal election, 1958
Party Candidate Votes % ∆%
Liberal Jean-Paul Racine 10,417 42.3 -6.0
Independent Raoul Poulin 9,984 40.6 -11.2
Progressive Conservative Eddy Hall 4,217 17.1
Total valid votes 24,618 100.0
Canadian federal election, 1957
Party Candidate Votes % ∆%
Independent Raoul Poulin 12,384 51.7 -5.5
Liberal Ludger Dionne 11,559 48.3 +5.5
Total valid votes 23,943 100.0
Canadian federal election, 1953
Party Candidate Votes % ∆%
Independent Raoul Poulin 13,016 57.3 +10.9
Liberal Louis Poulin 9,716 42.7 -2.6
Total valid votes 22,732 100.0
Canadian federal election, 1949
Party Candidate Votes % ∆%
Independent Raoul Poulin 10,267 46.3
Liberal Ludger Dionne 10,045 45.3 +2.8
Social Credit Rosaire Fortier 1,840 8.3 -16.9
Total valid votes 22,152 100.0
Canadian federal election, 1945
Party Candidate Votes % ∆%
Liberal Ludger Dionne 9,612 42.6 -37.3
Independent Charles Lacroix 7,264 32.2
Social Credit Eugène Fortin 5,701 25.3
Canadian federal election, 1940
Party Candidate Votes % ∆%
Liberal Maurice-Ernest-Edouard Lacroix 12,482 79.9 -9.1
National Government Josaphat Poulin 3,142 20.1
Total valid votes 15,624 100.0
Canadian federal election, 1935
Party Candidate Votes % ∆%
Liberal Edouard Lacroix 15,263 89.0 +24.1
Reconstruction Paul-Henri Berube 1,896 11.0
Total valid votes 17,159 100.0
Canadian federal election, 1930
Party Candidate Votes % ∆%
Liberal Edouard Lacroix 12,093 64.8 -16.6
Conservative J.-Linière Jacob 6,567 35.2 +16.6
Total valid votes 18,660 100.0
Canadian federal election, 1926
Party Candidate Votes % ∆%
Liberal Edouard Lacroix 11,176 81.4 +3.8
Conservative Wilfrid Duval 2,551 18.6 -3.8
Total valid votes 13,727 100.0
Canadian federal election, 1925
Party Candidate Votes % ∆%
Liberal Edouard Lacroix 12,765 77.6 -12.4
Conservative Louis Morin 3,684 22.4 +12.4
Total valid votes 16,449 100.0
By-election on 19 January 1922

Béland accepted a government position

Party Candidate Votes
Liberal Henri Sévérin Béland acclaimed
Canadian federal election, 1921
Party Candidate Votes %
Liberal Henri Sévérin Béland 12,030 90.0
Conservative J. Ephrem Lambert 1,335 10.0
Total valid votes 13,365 100.0
Canadian federal election, 1917
Party Candidate Votes
Liberal Henri Sévérin Béland acclaimed
Canadian federal election, 1911
Party Candidate Votes % ∆%
Liberal Henri Sévérin Béland 4,823 58.2 -37.5
Conservative Georges Cloutier 3,459 41.8 +37.5
Total valid votes 8,282 100.0
Canadian federal election, 1908
Party Candidate Votes % ∆%
Liberal Henri Sévérin Béland 4,083 95.7 +22.4
Conservative Alphonse Poirier 183 4.3 -22.4
Total valid votes 4,266 100.0
Canadian federal election, 1904
Party Candidate Votes % ∆%
Liberal Henri Sévérin Béland 3,601 73.3 +12.1
Conservative E.M.A. Savard 1,311 26.7 -12.1
Total valid votes 4,912 100.0

Note: results compared to results of 1900 general election.

By-election on 8 January 1902

Godbout appointed to the Senate

Party Candidate Votes
Liberal Henri Sévérin Béland acclaimed
Canadian federal election, 1900
Party Candidate Votes % ∆%
Liberal Joseph Godbout 3,432 61.2 +7.4
Conservative Charles Bolduc 2,175 38.8 -7.4
Total valid votes 5,607 100.0
Canadian federal election, 1896
Party Candidate Votes % ∆%
Liberal Joseph Godbout 3,003 53.8 -2.0
Conservative G. Cloutier 2,576 46.2 +2.0
Total valid votes 5,579 100.0
Canadian federal election, 1891
Party Candidate Votes % ∆%
Liberal Joseph Godbout 2,313 55.8
Conservative J.A. Morency 1,832 44.2
Total valid votes 4,145 100.0
Canadian federal election, 1887
Party Candidate Votes % ∆%
Independent Liberal Joseph Godbout 1,900 52.0
Conservative Joseph Poirier 1,268 34.7 -20.5
Independent F.X. Dulac 483 13.6
Total valid votes 3,651 100.0
Canadian federal by-election, 31 October 1884
Party Candidate Votes % ∆%
On Mr. Bolduc being called to the Senate
Conservative Thomas Linière Taschereau 1,649 55.2 -15.6
Unknown J. Poirier 1,336 44.8 +15.6
Total valid votes 2,985 100.0
Canadian federal election, 1882
Party Candidate Votes % ∆%
Conservative Joseph Bolduc 2,153 70.8 -8.4
Independent F.X. Lemieux 889 29.2
Total valid votes 3,042 100.0
Canadian federal election, 1878
Party Candidate Votes % ∆%
Conservative Joseph Bolduc 1,523 79.2 +25.5
Independent George Lesard 401 20.8
Total valid votes 1,924 100.0
Canadian federal by-election, 18 October 1876
Party Candidate Votes %
Conservative Joseph Bolduc 1,404 53.6
Independent De Lery 1,215 46.4
Total valid votes 2,619 100.0
Called upon Pozer being appointed to the Senate.
Canadian federal election, 1874
Party Candidate Votes
Liberal Christian Henry Pozer acclaimed
Canadian federal election, 1872
Party Candidate Votes % ∆%
Liberal Christian Henry Pozer 1,885 70.9 +5.7
Independent J. Blanchet 772 29.1
Total valid votes 2,657 100.0
Canadian federal election, 1867
Party Candidate Votes %
Liberal Christian Henry Pozer 1,180 65.2
Independent Taschereau 629 34.8
Total valid votes 1,809 100.0

See also[edit]

References[edit]

Notes[edit]