Beauford T. Anderson

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Beauford Theodore Anderson
Cmoh army.jpg
Nickname(s) "Andy"
Born (1922-07-06)July 6, 1922
Eagle, Wisconsin
Died November 7, 1996(1996-11-07) (aged 74)
Salinas, California
Place of burial Arlington National Cemetery
Allegiance Flag of the United States.svgUnited States of America
Service/branch United States Department of the Army Seal.svgUnited States Army
Years of service 1942–1952
Rank US-O1 insignia.svg Second Lieutenant
Unit 96th Infantry Division SSI.svg1st Battalion, 381st Infantry Regiment, 96th Infantry Division
Battles/wars World War II
 • Battle of Okinawa
Awards Medal of Honor ribbon.svg Medal of Honor
Bronze Star ribbon.svgBronze Star

Beauford Theodore "Andy" Anderson (July 6, 1922 – November 7, 1996) was a United States Army soldier who received the Medal of Honor for his actions during World War II.

Early life[edit]

Anderson was born on July 6, 1922 in Eagle, Wisconsin, and moved to nearby Soldiers Grove before joining the Army.[1]

Military service[edit]

Enlisting in the United States Army in 1942, Anderson was sent to the South West Pacific theater in July 1944.[2] He earned the Bronze Star while serving on the island of Leyte in the Philippines.[1] By April 13, 1945, he was participating in the Battle of Okinawa as a technical sergeant in the 381st Infantry Regiment, 96th Infantry Division.[3] During a Japanese counterattack at Kakazu Ridge on that day, he single-handedly held off a flanking force by alternately firing his carbine and throwing activated mortar shells.[1][3] Although seriously wounded by shrapnel during the action, he refused medical evacuation until he had reported the situation to his commander. For these actions, Anderson was awarded the Medal of Honor the next year, on June 27, 1946.[3]

Anderson served in the United States Army Reserve after the war, eventually gaining a commission as a second lieutenant.[2] He left the military on September 30, 1952, after ten years of service.[1]

Medal of Honor citation[edit]

He displayed conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity above and beyond the call of duty. When a powerfully conducted predawn Japanese counterattack struck his unit's flank, he ordered his men to take cover in an old tomb, and then, armed only with a carbine, faced the onslaught alone. After emptying 1 magazine at pointblank range into the screaming attackers, he seized an enemy mortar dud and threw it back among the charging enemy Japanese soldiers, killing several as it burst. Securing a box of mortar shells, he extracted the safety pins, banged the bases upon a rock to arm them and proceeded alternately to hurl shells and fire his piece among the fanatical foe, finally forcing them to withdraw. Despite the protests of his comrades, and bleeding profusely from a severe shrapnel wound, he made his way to his company commander to report the action. T/Sgt. Anderson's intrepid conduct in the face of overwhelming odds accounted for 25 enemy killed and several machineguns and knee mortars destroyed, thus single-handedly removing a serious threat to the company's flank.[3]

Later life[edit]

After returning from the war, Anderson lived in Beloit, Wisconsin, and later spent time in Mackinac Island, Michigan. Ultimately, he relocated to Monterey County, California, where he served as mayor and city councilman of Seaside and as a Monterey County Supervisor. He lived on a cattle ranch near Hunter Liggett and spent the last years of his life in Salinas.[2]

Anderson died on November 7, 1996. His wife of 50 years, Phyllis, died the next month, on December 23. They are buried together in Arlington National Cemetery.[2]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

 This article incorporates public domain material from websites or documents of the United States Army Center of Military History.
  1. ^ a b c d Kent, Alan E. (Winter 1952–1953). "Wisconsin and the Medal of Honor". The Wisconsin Magazine of History 36 (2): 110. ISSN 0043-6534. 
  2. ^ a b c d "Beauford T. Anderson, Second Lieutenant, United States Army". Arlington National Cemetery Website. January 27, 2006. Retrieved 2009-08-11. 
  3. ^ a b c d "Medal of Honor recipients - World War II (A–F)". Medal of Honor citations. United States Army Center of Military History. August 3, 2009. Archived from the original on 8 August 2009. Retrieved 2009-08-11. 

External links[edit]