Beaumont, Cumbria

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Beaumont
Village Green, Beaumont - geograph.org.uk - 933386.jpg
Village Green, Beaumont
Beaumont is located in Cumbria
Beaumont
Beaumont
 Beaumont shown within Cumbria
Population 447 (2001 Census)
OS grid reference NY 3484759328
Unitary authority Carlisle
Shire county Cumbria
Ceremonial county Cumbria
Region North West
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Postcode district CA5
Dialling code 01228
Police Cumbria
Fire Cumbria
Ambulance North West
EU Parliament North West England
UK Parliament Carlisle
List of places
UK
England
Cumbria

Coordinates: 54°55′28″N 3°01′05″W / 54.92456°N 3.01808°W / 54.92456; -3.01808

Beaumont (pronounced locally as bee-mont) is a village and civil parish in the City of Carlisle district of Cumbria, England. The village lies four miles north-west of Carlisle on the banks of the River Eden.

Description[edit]

The civil parish of Beaumont includes the surrounding villages of Kirkandrews-on-Eden, Grinsdale and Monkhill. The parish is bordered by the River Eden to the north and east, and by the parishes of Burgh by Sands to the west and Orton to the south.

The village has very limited facilities; although it has a pub, The Drover's Rest, there is no school, post office or shop.

History[edit]

Beaumont's name, as suggested by the French translation 'beautiful mount', comes from its high setting.[1]

The manor was anciently in the Bruns, Lords of Bowness, who were patrons also of the church: before the year 1380 it became the property of the Dacres, and was annexed to the Barony of Burgh, belonging to the Earl of Lonsdale.[2] The church is in the diocese and deanery of Carlisle. This small rectory was augmented by Queen Anne's Bounty in 1772.[3]

The Carlisle canal ran through the parish, admitting sixty tonne vessels. [4]

In 1961 there were 128 houses in Beaumont. [5] The current average property value is £218,568, compared to an average property value of £218,108 for CA5; This figure is just slightly above the current UK average. [6]

St Mary's Church[edit]

St Mary's is an Anglican church built by the Normans in 1296 on the site of a turret on Hadrian's Wall. Visible from the church are the Solway Firth and Scotland to the north; the Lake District, Carlisle and the Pennines to the east.[7]

St Mary's Church

The building is constructed from squared and coursed sandstone from the nearby wall, the line of which runs directly beneath the church, with a graduated roof made from greenslate, coped gables and a cross finial. Little remains of the original church although the single chamber interior is still mostly of the earlier period, notably the south doorway and three east windows, but the church underwent restorations in 1784, 1872 and 1888.[8] The single chamber is still mostly of the earlier period, notably the south doorway and three east windows. The windows, porch and vestry are 19th century restorations and the king post open timber roof dates from the 15th century. Hadrian's Wall Path passes the church, on its way from Carlisle to Bowness-on-Solway (via Grinsdale and Burgh-by-Sands).[9] The church became a Grade II listed building on 1 May 1957.[8]

Features of the church include two medieval grave slabs discovered during a series of Victorian restorations, built into the west wall behind the font. To celebrate the church's 700th anniversary in 1996, kneelers were made to commemorate Rectors in each century;[10] Sir Elias de Thirwall was the first, his tenure starting in 1296.

The church maintains two traditions at weddings. The groom cuts a string tying the church gates shut, bestowing good luck to the couple; and a piece of rope is stretched across the road where wedding cars can pass only if they give money to the children.[11]

Heritage[edit]

Beaumont

There are 7 listed buildings and 3 scheduled ancient monuments in Beaumont as well as it lying within a world heritage site.[12]

Grade II

  • Beaumont House
  • Hillcrest
  • Eden Bank Farmhouse
  • Churchyard wall south of Church of St Mary
  • Orchard House
  • Myrtle Cottage

Grade II*

  • Church of St Mary

Scheduled Monument

  • Beaumont motte castle and section of Hadrian's Wall in wall mile 70 including turret 70a
  • Hadrian's Wall between the field boundary to the south of the site of St Andrew's Church and Eden Bank at Beaumont in wall miles 69 and 70
  • Burgh by Sands Roman fort, Beaumont camp, Burgh Castle and Hadrian's Wall from boundary west of churchyard, Beaumont to Burgh Head in wall miles 70 and 71

World Heritage Sites Buffer Zone

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Beaumont, Cumbria". The Cumbria Dictionary. Retrieved 18 April 2012. 
  2. ^ Bulman, Steve. "Bulmer's History & Directory Of Cumberland, 1901". Retrieved 18 March 2012. 
  3. ^ Daniel and Samuel Lysons (1816). "Parishes: Bassenthwaite - Beaumont". Magna Britannia: volume 4: Cumberland. Institute of Historical Research. Retrieved 12 March 2012. 
  4. ^ Rosemary Lockie. "BEAUMONT, Cumberland - Extract from National Gazetteer, 1868". UK & Ireland Genealogy. Retrieved 26 April 2012. 
  5. ^ "Historical Statistics/ Housing". Vision of Britain through time. Retrieved 2 May 2012. 
  6. ^ "Property details for Myrtle House, Beaumont, Carlisle CA5 6EB". Zoopla. Retrieved 1 May 2012. 
  7. ^ "Beaumont". Visitoruk. Retrieved 2 May 2012. 
  8. ^ a b "Church of St Mary". English Heritage. Retrieved 18 April 2012. 
  9. ^ "Beaumont - St Mary's Church". Retrieved 20 March 2012. 
  10. ^ "Beaumont - St Mary". Churches Trust for Cumbria. Retrieved 18 April 2012. 
  11. ^ "D-block GB-332000-558000". BBC. Retrieved 18 April 2012. 
  12. ^ "The National Heritage List For England". English Heritage. Retrieved 19 April 2012. 

External links[edit]

Media related to Beaumont, Cumbria at Wikimedia Commons