Beaumontia

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Beaumontia
Beaumontia grandiflora (1).jpg
Beaumontia grandiflora
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Asterids
Order: Gentianales
Family: Apocynaceae
Genus: Beaumontia
Wall.
Synonyms[1]

Beaumontia is a small genus of evergreen woody vines in the Apocynaceae. It is native to China, the Indian Subcontinent, and Southeast Asia.[2][3][4][5]

Description

Beaumontia plants are often rampant climbers and vines. They are mostly evergreen, though in subtropical gardens Beaumontia grandiflora loses many leaves in winter. Leaves are large, smooth and opposite with sticky white sap.

The large white fragrant flowers are borne in corymbs terminal and in the leaf axils. The calyx is 5-lobed and the corolla is dark funnel-or bell-shaped with 5 lobes. Stamens are attached near the base of the corolla tube and have slender filaments with arrow-shaped anthers. They are very showy when in full bloom and are regarded as among the most outstanding vines of the world.

The fruits comprises a pair of thick woody follicles.

Cultivation

The Beaumontia species are cultivated as ornamental plants, with Beaumontia grandiflora widely grown by the nursery trade. They prefer good soil, adequate water and hot moist conditions. They are found planted and trained as vines in subtropical climate gardens, such as in Southern California.[6][7]

They are propagated from seed or half-hardened cuttings taken with a heel, rooted in sandy soil under mist.[8]

Species[2]
  1. Beaumontia brevituba Oliv. - Guangxi, Hainan
  2. Beaumontia grandiflora Wall. - Vietnam, Thailand, Laos, Myanmar, Assam, Bhutan, Bangladesh, Sikkim, Nepal, Guangxi, Yunnan; naturalized in Central America
  3. Beaumontia jerdoniana Wight - S India, Andaman Islands, Myanmar
  4. Beaumontia khasiana Hook.f - Yunnan, Assam, Myanmar
  5. Beaumontia longituba Craib - Nagaland
  6. Beaumontia macrantha (Ridl.) Rudjiman - S Myanmar, S Thailand
  7. Beaumontia multiflora Teijsm. & Binn. - Java, Bali, W Malaysia, Sumatra; naturalized in Thailand, Hawaii
  8. Beaumontia murtonii Craib - Yunnan, Thailand, Vietnam, Laos, Cambodia, W Malaysia
  9. Beaumontia pitardii Tsiang - N Vietnam, Guangxi, Yunnan
formerly included

References[edit]

  1. ^ "World Checklist of Selected Plant Families". Retrieved May 21, 2014. 
  2. ^ a b Kew World Checklist of Selected Plant Families
  3. ^ Flora of China Vol. 16 Page 175 清明花属 qing ming hua shu Beaumontia Wallich, Tent. Fl. Napal. 14. 1824.
  4. ^ 中国高等植物图鉴 中国植物志 Flora of China 手机植物志APP 中国高等植物 泛喜马拉雅植物志 中国在线植物志 Beaumontia Wallich 清明花属 qing ming hua shu
  5. ^ Botanica Sistematica
  6. ^ Graf, Alfred Byrd (1986) Tropica: color cyclopedia of exotic plants and trees for warm-region horticulture—in cool climate the summer garden or sheltered indoors; 3rd ed. East Rutherford, N.J.: Roehrs Co
  7. ^ Lord, Tony (2003) Flora : The Gardener's Bible : More than 20,000 garden plants from around the world. London: Cassell. ISBN 0-304-36435-5
  8. ^ Ellison, Don (1999) Cultivated Plants of the World. London: New Holland (1st ed.: Brisbane: Flora Publications International, 1995)

External links[edit]

 
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