Beaune

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Beaune
Hospices de Beaune
Hospices de Beaune
Coat of arms of Beaune
Coat of arms
Beaune is located in France
Beaune
Beaune
Coordinates: 47°01′30″N 4°50′23″E / 47.025°N 4.8397°E / 47.025; 4.8397Coordinates: 47°01′30″N 4°50′23″E / 47.025°N 4.8397°E / 47.025; 4.8397
Country France
Region Burgundy
Department Côte-d'Or
Arrondissement Beaune
Government
 • Mayor (2008–2014) Alain Suguenot
Area
 • Land1 31.30 km2 (12.08 sq mi)
Population (2008)
 • Population2 22,218
 • Population2 density 710/km2 (1,800/sq mi)
INSEE/Postal code 21054 / 21200
Elevation 193–407 m (633–1,335 ft)
(avg. 219 m or 719 ft)

1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

Beaune (French pronunciation: ​[bon]) is the wine capital of Burgundy in the Côte d'Or department in eastern France. It is located between Paris and Geneva.

Beaune is one of the key wine centres in France and the annual wine auction of the Hospices de Beaune is the primary wine auction in France. The town is surrounded by some of the world's most famous wine villages, while the facilities and cellars of many producers, large and small, are situated in Beaune itself. With a rich historical and architectural heritage, Beaune is considered the "Capital of Burgundy wines".

It is an ancient and historic town on a plain by the hills of the Côte d'Or, with features remaining from the pre-Roman and Roman eras, through the medieval and renaissance periods and up to recent history and modern times.

Beaune is a walled city, with about half of the battlements, ramparts, and the moat, having survived and in good condition, and the central "old town" is extensive. Historically Beaune is intimately connected with the Dukes of Burgundy.

Landmarks in Beaune include the Halles, the Hospices, the Beffroi, and Notre Dame.

There is a comprehensive "traditional" shopping area clustered around the central square with a focus on gourmet food, fashion, and wine, while large supermarkets, business parks, etc., are situated on the outskirts of town.

Beaune is the centre for wine industry services (such as tractors and equipment for vat-rooms) as well as a number of wine-related institutes and education facilities. The train station is served by TGV, through Dijon or Lyon.

Beaune has a major fine food market on Saturdays, where there are a large number of stall holders supplying a broad selection of products and specialties from Burgundy and the surrounding regions. For example, Bresse chickens, Jura cheeses, small goods, spices, produce of every variety as well as seasonal specialties such as truffles.[1] There is a smaller market on Wednesday, and special-event markets and fetes are held throughout the year.

Although Beaune is not primarily a tourist town but one centred on the wine industry, it nevertheless attracts a large amount of tourism. About five traditional smaller hotels are located within the city walls with around five chain hotels on the outskirts.

Technically Beaune is a commune in eastern France, a sub-prefecture of department 21, the Côte-d'Or department, in the Bourgogne region.

Wine[edit]

Main article: Beaune wine
Vineyards on the outskirts of Beaune

Beaune is one of the wine communes of the Côte de Beaune subregion of the Burgundy wine region, which bears the name of this town. Although Beaune is lacking a Grand Cru vineyard in the commune, it is the hub of the region's wine business, as most of Burgundy's major négociants are here. Beaune is renowned for its annual charity wine auction on behalf of the Hospices de Beaune.

It is on the route des Grands Crus tourist trail among the vineyards. The road runs north from Beaune to Gevrey Chambertin and Nuits-Saint-Georges and south to Nolay, Saisy and Autun.

Climate[edit]

Beaune has an oceanic climate with a semi-continental tendency. The oceanic influence is seen with frequent rains in each season (though Autumn has the most and Summer has the least) and many weather changes. On the other hand, one sees the semi-continental influence with one of the greatest seasonal temperature differences, characterized by cold winters with frequent snowfall, and hot summers with violent storms. It is this climate which creates the unique microcosism for which the cote d'or is so readily known.

The city also has an exchange with a grammar school in Bensheim, Germany.

Population[edit]

Historical population
Year Pop.   ±%  
1793 10,114 —    
1800 8,344 −17.5%
1806 9,298 +11.4%
1821 9,947 +7.0%
1831 9,908 −0.4%
1836 10,678 +7.8%
1841 10,585 −0.9%
1846 11,362 +7.3%
1851 10,969 −3.5%
1856 10,453 −4.7%
1861 10,715 +2.5%
1866 10,907 +1.8%
1872 11,176 +2.5%
1876 11,421 +2.2%
1881 12,038 +5.4%
1886 12,146 +0.9%
1891 12,470 +2.7%
1896 13,726 +10.1%
1901 13,887 +1.2%
1906 13,540 −2.5%
1911 13,049 −3.6%
1921 11,661 −10.6%
1926 11,990 +2.8%
1931 11,862 −1.1%
1936 12,161 +2.5%
1946 11,990 −1.4%
1954 13,175 +9.9%
1962 15,367 +16.6%
1968 16,874 +9.8%
1975 19,060 +13.0%
1982 20,207 +6.0%
1990 21,289 +5.4%
1999 21,923 +3.0%
2008 22,218 +1.3%
2010 22,310 +0.4%

Hospices de Beaune[edit]

Founded in 1442 by Nicolas Rolin, chancellor of the Duke of Burgundy, and his wife, the Hospices are a charity running hospitals and other services for the needy. Following from past donations, they own vineyards in Burgundy.

Beaune, France

Personalities[edit]

International relations[edit]

Twin towns — sister cities[edit]

Beaune is twinned with:

Gallery[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]