The first church here was built in 674. In the 12th century, the parish council created an important leprosarium that treated Jean Bodel, a French poet.
On 21 December 1922,a large treasure was discovered dating from the Roman era. Known as the Beaurains Treasure, much was squandered and the little that remains is now at Arras. However, a silver candelabra, gold coins and some jewellery from the treasure are also in the British Museum. The commune was all but destroyed during World War I.