|• Type||Borough Council|
|• Total||1.1 sq mi (3 km2)|
|• Land||0.9 sq mi (2 km2)|
|• Water||0.2 sq mi (0.5 km2)|
|Elevation||791 ft (241 m)|
|• Density||5,119.3/sq mi (1,976.6/km2)|
|Time zone||Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)|
|• Summer (DST)||EDT (UTC-4)|
Beaver Historic District
First Christian Church, a part of the district
Map of the Beaver Historic District
|Location||Roughly bounded by the Cumberland and Pennsylvania Railroad tracks, Fair Ave., 5th St., 3rd St., and Sassafras Ln.|
|Area||317 acres (128 ha)|
|Architectural style||Italianate, Queen Anne, American Foursquare|
|NRHP Reference #||96001201|
|Added to NRHP||October 24, 1996|
Beaver is a borough in and the county seat of Beaver County, Pennsylvania, United States, at the confluence of the Beaver and Ohio Rivers. As of the 2010 census, the borough population was 4,531, having dropped from 5,641 in 1940. The town is also a Tree City USA community.
The area around Beaver was originally home to the Shawnee tribe. Later, the Mingo, Lenape, and other displaced groups moved into the area. The area was part of the Ohio Country that was in dispute during the French and Indian War.
Beaver became the site of Fort McIntosh, a Revolutionary War era Patriot frontier fort. After the war, the fort was the home of the First American Regiment, the oldest active unit in the US Army. The fort was abandoned in 1788 and razed a short time later. By then, the frontier had moved westward and there was no further need for a permanent garrison to protect the area.
The town was laid out in 1792. In 1800, it became the county seat of the newly formed Beaver County. The first county court was established in the town in 1804. The town's growth was steady until 1879 when the arrival of the Pittsburgh and Lake Erie Railroad caused a major growth spurt. In February 1884 a massive flood caused extensive damage. In 1974, an archeological excavation was conducted at the site of Fort McIntosh.
In late 2007, local officials proposed the consolidation of Beaver with Brighton Township. According to a report by the Governor's Center for Local Government Services, the two municipalities would possibly derive a significant financial benefit from uniting. Also being considered was the type of combination: either merger, in which one of the municipalities would be annexed by the other, or consolidation, in which the two would become a single new municipality under a new name. Any union would have required voter approval.
Beaver is located at (40.693865, -80.307944).
According to the United States Census Bureau, the borough has a total area of 1.1 square miles (2.8 km2), of which 0.9 square miles (2.3 km2) is land and 0.2 square miles (0.5 km2) (13.89%) is water.
Beaver Historic District
In 1996, almost the entire community was listed on the National Register of Historic Places as a historic district. Centered on Beaver's commercial Third Street, the buildings in the district date primarily to the nineteenth century, although some twentieth-century structures are present. Some of the district's most prominent buildings are five churches, the county jail, and the county courthouse, although most of the district consists of residential neighborhoods. Included in the boundaries of the district is the Matthew S. Quay House, the National Historic Landmark home of Beaver native Senator Matthew Quay, and the site of Fort McIntosh, a fort constructed in the 1780s.
As of the census of 2000, there were 4,775 people, 2,112 households, and 1,260 families residing in the borough. The population density was 5,119.3 people per square mile (1,982.4/km²). There were 2,297 housing units at an average density of 2,462.6 per square mile (953.6/km²). The racial makeup of the borough was 99.99% White
There were 2,112 households out of which 23.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 49.6% were married couples living together, 8.1% had a female householder with no husband present, and 40.3% were non-families. 36.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 19.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.14 and the average family size was 2.83.
In the borough the population was spread out with 19.2% under the age of 18, 6.8% from 18 to 24, 26.7% from 25 to 44, 25.3% from 45 to 64, and 22.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 43 years. For every 100 females there were 91.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 88.9 males.
The median income for a household in the borough was $42,113, and the median income for a family was $57,208. Males had a median income of $43,198 versus $26,709 for females. The per capita income for the borough was $24,003. About 3.7% of families and 4.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 7.1% of those under age 18 and 2.2% of those age 65 or over.
Notable natives and residents
- John Allison, (1812–1878), born in Beaver, lawyer and United States Congressman
- Tom McCreery, (1874–1941), major league baseball player
- Amber Brkich Mariano, (born August 11, 1978), winner of Survivor: All Stars
- David J. Acer, Florida Dentist who was believed to have intentionally infected patients with the AIDS virus.
- Matthew Quay, powerful United States Senator
- André Previn and Mia Farrow, From 1976-1984, Previn was music director of the Pittsburgh Symphony Orchestra.
- Jeff Shaver, former MLB player
- John Skorupan, NFL Linebacker Buffalo Bills, New York Giants.
- "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 2009-03-13.
- "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
- "2011 Tree Cities USA Communities in Pennsylvania". Arbor Day Foundation. May 2012. Retrieved 10 February 2013.
- Bruni, Jessica. "Analysis may back Beaver, Brighton merger," Beaver County Times, 2007-10-25, pp. A1, A3.
- "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
- Taylor, David S. National Register of Historic Places Inventory/Nomination: Beaver Historic District, National Park Service, 1996-07-06, Inventory of Beaver Historic District properties, and Accompanying map
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- Who Was Who in America, Historical Volume, 1607-1896. Marquis Who's Who. 1967.
- Reichler, Joseph L., ed. (1979) . The Baseball Encyclopedia (4th edition ed.). New York: Macmillan Publishing. ISBN 0-02-578970-8.