Beaver, Pennsylvania

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Beaver, Pennsylvania
Borough
Along Third Street in downtown Beaver
Along Third Street in downtown Beaver
Location in Beaver County
Location in Beaver County
Location in the state of Pennsylvania
Location in the state of Pennsylvania
Coordinates: 40°41′41″N 80°18′27″W / 40.69472°N 80.30750°W / 40.69472; -80.30750Coordinates: 40°41′41″N 80°18′27″W / 40.69472°N 80.30750°W / 40.69472; -80.30750
Country United States
State Pennsylvania
County Beaver
Settled 1792
Incorporated 1802
Government
 • Type Borough Council
Area
 • Total 1.1 sq mi (3 km2)
 • Land 0.9 sq mi (2 km2)
 • Water 0.2 sq mi (0.5 km2)
Elevation 791 ft (241 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total 4,531
 • Density 5,119.3/sq mi (1,976.6/km2)
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
Zip code 15009
Area code(s) 724
Website http://www.beaverpa.us
Beaver Historic District
First Christian Church, Beaver.jpg
First Christian Church, a part of the district
Beaver Historic District map.png
Map of the Beaver Historic District
Location Roughly bounded by the Cumberland and Pennsylvania Railroad tracks, Fair Ave., 5th St., 3rd St., and Sassafras Ln.
Area 317 acres (128 ha)
Built 1792
Architect multiple
Architectural style Italianate, Queen Anne, American Foursquare
Governing body Federal
NRHP Reference # 96001201[1]
Significant dates
Added to NRHP October 24, 1996
Designated PHMC September 25, 1946[2]

Beaver is a borough and the county seat of Beaver County in the U.S. state of Pennsylvania.[3] It is located at the confluence of the Beaver and Ohio Rivers. As of the 2010 census, the borough population was 4,531. The town is a Tree City USA community.[4]

Robert Linn was the mayor of Beaver for 58 years (1946–2004), making him one of the longest serving mayors in the United States. The borough was the home of influential U. S. Senator Matthew "Boss" Quay.

History[edit]

The area around Beaver was originally home to the Shawnee tribe. Later, the Mingo, Lenape, and other displaced groups moved into the area. The area was part of the Ohio Country that was in dispute during the French and Indian War.

Beaver became the site of Fort McIntosh, a Revolutionary War era Patriot frontier fort. After the war, the fort was the home of the First American Regiment, the oldest active unit in the US Army. The fort was abandoned in 1788 and razed a short time later. By then, the frontier had moved westward and there was no further need for a permanent garrison to protect the area.

The town was laid out in 1792. In 1800, it became the county seat of the newly formed Beaver County. The first county court was established in the town in 1804. The town's growth was steady until 1879 when the arrival of the Pittsburgh and Lake Erie Railroad caused a major growth spurt. In February 1884 a massive flood caused extensive damage. In 1974, an archeological excavation was conducted at the site of Fort McIntosh.

In late 2007, local officials proposed the consolidation of Beaver with Brighton Township. According to a report by the Governor's Center for Local Government Services, the two municipalities would possibly derive a significant financial benefit from uniting. Also being considered was the type of combination: either merger, in which one of the municipalities would be annexed by the other, or consolidation, in which the two would become a single new municipality under a new name. Any union would have required voter approval.[5]

Geography[edit]

Beaver is located at 40°41′38″N 80°18′29″W / 40.69389°N 80.30806°W / 40.69389; -80.30806 (40.693865, -80.307944).[6]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the borough has a total area of 1.1 square miles (2.8 km2), of which 0.9 square miles (2.3 km2) is land and 0.2 square miles (0.5 km2) (13.89%) is water.

Beaver Historic District[edit]

In 1996, almost the entire community was listed on the National Register of Historic Places as a historic district.[1] Centered on Beaver's commercial Third Street, the buildings in the district date primarily to the nineteenth century, although some twentieth-century structures are present. Some of the district's most prominent buildings are five churches, the county jail, and the county courthouse, although most of the district consists of residential neighborhoods. Included in the boundaries of the district is the Matthew S. Quay House, the National Historic Landmark home of Beaver native Senator Matthew Quay, and the site of Fort McIntosh, a fort constructed in the 1780s.[7]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1850 2,054
1860 817 −60.2%
1870 1,120 37.1%
1880 1,178 5.2%
1890 1,552 31.7%
1900 2,348 51.3%
1910 3,456 47.2%
1920 4,135 19.6%
1930 5,665 37.0%
1940 5,641 −0.4%
1950 6,360 12.7%
1960 6,160 −3.1%
1970 6,100 −1.0%
1980 5,441 −10.8%
1990 5,028 −7.6%
2000 4,775 −5.0%
2010 4,531 −5.1%
Est. 2012 4,487 −1.0%
Sources:[8][9][10]

As of the census[9] of 2000, there were 4,775 people, 2,112 households, and 1,260 families residing in the borough. The population density was 5,119.3 people per square mile (1,982.4/km²). There were 2,297 housing units at an average density of 2,462.6 per square mile (953.6/km²). The racial makeup of the borough was 96.44% White, 2.64% African American, 0.13% Native American, 0.27% Asian, 0.27% from other races, and 0.25% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.88% of the population.

There were 2,112 households out of which 23.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 49.6% were married couples living together, 8.1% had a female householder with no husband present, and 40.3% were non-families. 36.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 19.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.14 and the average family size was 2.83.

In the borough the population was spread out with 19.2% under the age of 18, 6.8% from 18 to 24, 26.7% from 25 to 44, 25.3% from 45 to 64, and 22.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 43 years. For every 100 females there were 91.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 88.9 males.

The median income for a household in the borough was $42,113, and the median income for a family was $57,208. Males had a median income of $43,198 versus $26,709 for females. The per capita income for the borough was $24,003. About 3.7% of families and 4.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 7.1% of those under age 18 and 2.2% of those age 65 or over.

Notable people[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 2009-03-13. 
  2. ^ "PHMC Historical Markers". Historical Marker Database. Pennsylvania Historical & Museum Commission. Retrieved December 10, 2013. 
  3. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  4. ^ "2011 Tree Cities USA Communities in Pennsylvania". Arbor Day Foundation. May 2012. Retrieved 10 February 2013. 
  5. ^ Bruni, Jessica. "Analysis may back Beaver, Brighton merger," Beaver County Times, 2007-10-25, pp. A1, A3.
  6. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  7. ^ Taylor, David S. National Register of Historic Places Inventory/Nomination: Beaver Historic District, National Park Service, 1996-07-06, Inventory of Beaver Historic District properties, and Accompanying map
  8. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 11 December 2013. 
  9. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  10. ^ "Incorporated Places and Minor Civil Divisions Datasets: Subcounty Resident Population Estimates: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2012". Population Estimates. U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 11 December 2013. 
  11. ^ Who Was Who in America, Historical Volume, 1607-1896. Marquis Who's Who. 1967. 
  12. ^ Reichler, Joseph L., ed. (1979) [1969]. The Baseball Encyclopedia (4th edition ed.). New York: Macmillan Publishing. ISBN 0-02-578970-8.