|This article needs additional citations for verification. (May 2009)|
Downtown Beaverton, along Broadway
Location in Oregon
|• Mayor||Dennis Doyle|
|• Total||18.73 sq mi (48.51 km2)|
|• Land||18.73 sq mi (48.51 km2)|
|• Water||0 sq mi (0 km2) 0%|
|Elevation||189 ft (58 m)|
|• Estimate (2012)||92,680|
|• Density||4,794.6/sq mi (1,851.2/km2)|
|Time zone||Pacific (PST) (UTC−8)|
|• Summer (DST)||PDT (UTC−7)|
|GNIS feature ID||1637830|
Beaverton is a city in Washington County, Oregon, United States. The city center is seven miles (11 km) west of downtown Portland in the Tualatin River Valley. As of the 2010 census, the population is 89,803. This makes it the second-largest city in the county and Oregon's sixth-largest city. In 2010, Beaverton was named by Money magazine as one of the 100 "best places to live", among smaller cities, in the country.
Along with Hillsboro, Beaverton is one of the economic centers for Washington County, home to numerous corporations in a variety of industries.
- 1 History
- 2 Economy
- 3 Geography
- 4 Demographics
- 5 Education
- 6 Sports
- 7 Sister cities
- 8 References
- 9 External links
The area of Tualatin Valley which became Beaverton was originally the home of a Native American tribe known as the Atfalati, which settlers mispronounced as Tualatin. The Atfalati population dwindled in the latter part of the 18th century, and the prosperous tribe was no longer dominant in the area by the 19th century when settlers arrived.
The natives had a village called Chakeipi, meaning Place of the Beaver, and early settlers referred to it as "Beaverdam". Early settlers include the Hall Family from Kentucky, the Denneys who lived on their claim near present-day Scholls Ferry Road and Hall Blvd, and Orin S. Allen, from western New York. Lawrence Hall purchased 640 acres (2.6 km2) in Beaverdam in 1847 and built a grist mill with his brother near present-day Walker Road. His was the first land claim in the area. He was soon followed by Thomas Denney in 1848, who came to the area and built its first sawmill. In 1860, a toll plank road from Portland to Beaverton was completed over a trail called Canyon Road.
Beginning of the town
After the American Civil War, numerous other settlers, including Joshua Welch, George Betts, Charles Angel, W. P. Watson, and John Henry, laid out what is now known as Beaverton hoping they could bring a railroad to an area once described as "mostly swamps & marshes connected by beaver dams to create what looked like a huge lake." In 1872, Beaverton's first post office opened in a general store operated by Betts, who also served as the first postmaster of the community. Betts Street, where the current post office now stands, is named in honor of him. In 1893, Beaverton, which by that time had a population of 400, was officially incorporated. Alonzo Cady, a local businessman, served as the first mayor. Many major roads in Beaverton are named for these early settlers.
Beaverton was an early home to automobile dealerships. A Ford Motor Company dealership was established there in 1915; it was purchased by Guy Carr in 1923 and over the years Carr expanded it into several locations throughout Beaverton. There are still several dealerships near the intersection of Walker and Canyon Roads.
Movies and airplanes
In the early 1920s, Beaverton was home to Premium Picture Productions, a movie studio which produced about fifteen films. This site was later converted into an airfield known as Watts Airport and thereafter as Bernard's Airport.
The town's first library opened in 1925. Originally on the second floor of the Cady building, it has moved repeatedly; in 2000 it was moved to its current location on Hall Boulevard and 5th Street.
In the 1940s, Tualatin Valley Stages, a division of Portland Stages, Inc., provided limited bus transit service connecting the city with downtown Portland, operating later as a separate company, Tualatin Valley Buses, Inc., through the 1960s. This was one of four privately owned bus companies serving the Portland metropolitan area which became collectively known as the "Blue Bus" lines. All four companies were replaced in 1970 by TriMet, a then-new regional transit authority, which expanded bus service to cover more areas of Beaverton.
In the late 1970s, a light rail system was proposed to connect Beaverton to downtown Portland, as part of Metro's plans for the region's transportation. In 1990, voters approved funding for Westside MAX. Construction of the line began in 1993 and was completed in 1998. Six stations are located within the city of Beaverton: Elmonica/SW 170th Avenue, Merlo Road/SW 158th, Beaverton Creek, Millikan Way, Beaverton Central, and the Beaverton Transit Center. All but the last of these (the transit center) are located along right-of-way formerly owned by Burlington Northern Railroad and originally by the Oregon Electric Railway, which provided interurban service through Beaverton until 1933. The present-day light rail service (MAX) is operated by TriMet, which also continues to operate several bus routes serving Beaverton and the surrounding communities. Since early 2009, Beaverton has also been served by commuter rail service, TriMet's Westside Express Service (WES), running south to Wilsonville via Tigard and Tualatin.
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In December 2004, the city and Washington County announced an "interim plan" which will lead to Beaverton becoming the second-largest city in Oregon, second only to Portland. The "interim" plan actually covers a period of more than ten years; from the county's perspective, the plan supports its strategy of having cities and special districts provide urban services.
Resisting the annexation
Nike led a legal and lobbying effort to resist the annexation. The lobbying effort succeeded quickly, with the Oregon Legislative Assembly enacting Senate Bill 887, which prohibits Beaverton from annexing Nike without Nike's consent. The bill also applied to property owned by Electro Scientific Industries, Columbia Sportswear, and Tektronix, and in August 2008 the Oregon Land Use Board of Appeals ruled that the bill also barred the city from annexing property belonging to Leupold & Stevens. (See below, under Economy.) Nike's legal efforts to resist annexation cost Beaverton taxpayers over $360,000 as of July 2006[update].
|This section needs additional citations for verification. (May 2009)|
Reser's Fine Foods, processor and distributor of fresh prepared foods, has headquartered in Beaverton since 1960. Leupold & Stevens, maker of rifle scopes and other specialty optics, has been located on property adjacent to the City of Beaverton since 1968. The Beaverton City Council annexed that property in May 2005, and Leupold & Stevens challenged that annexation. The company eventually won the legal fight in 2009 with the city, thus the company was de-annexed from the city. Beaverton is home to the world headquarters of Nike, Inc. Its headquarters are located on an unincorporated area inside, but excluded from, Beaverton city limits. Cedar Hills Crossing is a shopping mall within the city of Beaverton.
According to the City's 2009 Comprehensive Annual Financial Report, the largest employers in the city are:
|#||Employer||# of Employees|
|1||Beaverton School District||4,365|
|2||Cedar Hills Crossing||1,106|
|4||City of Beaverton||681|
|5||Stream Global Services||600|
|6||Beaverton Town Square||553|
|9||Reser's Fine Foods||450|
|Climate data for Beaverton, Oregon|
|Record high °F (°C)||66
|Average high °F (°C)||46
|Average low °F (°C)||34
|Record low °F (°C)||10
|Precipitation inches (mm)||5.83
As of 2000 the median income for a household in the city was $47,863, and the median income for a family was $60,289. Males had a median income of $41,683 versus $31,204 for females. The per capita income for the city was $25,419. About 5.0% of families and 7.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 8.5% of those under age 18 and 6.8% of those age 65 or over.
2005–2007 American Community Survey Estimates (Race):
- 76.1% – White (69.0% non-Hispanic White)
- 13.8% – Hispanic or Latino (of any race)
- 12.6% – Asian
- 8.9% – Some other race
- 3.1% – Black or African American
- 2.5% – American Indian or Alaska Native
- 0.4% – Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander
As of the census of 2010, there were 89,803 people, 37,213 households, and 21,915 families residing in the city. The population density was 4,794.6 inhabitants per square mile (1,851.2 /km2). There were 39,500 housing units at an average density of 2,108.9 per square mile (814.3 /km2). The racial makeup of the city was 73.0% White, 2.6% African American, 0.6% Native American, 10.5% Asian, 0.5% Pacific Islander, 8.2% from other races, and 4.5% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 16.3% of the population.
There were 37,213 households of which 31.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 43.7% were married couples living together, 10.6% had a female householder with no husband present, 4.6% had a male householder with no wife present, and 41.1% were non-families. 30.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.39 and the average family size was 3.03.
The median age in the city was 34.7 years. 22.9% of residents were under the age of 18; 9.2% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 33% were from 25 to 44; 24.5% were from 45 to 64; and 10.4% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 48.6% male and 51.4% female.
The public schools of Beaverton are part of the Beaverton School District. Private schools in the area include German American School, Holy Trinity School, Jesuit High School, Saint Cecilia Grade School, Southwest Christian School, Valley Catholic School, Valley Catholic Middle School, and WoodHaven School.
Colleges and universities
- Anthem College
- Portland Community College (PCC — Although this is based in Portland, some facilities operate in Beaverton.)
In 2006, the Murrayhill Little League baseball team qualified for the 2006 Little League World Series, the first Oregon team in 48 years to go that far. Murrayhill advanced to the semifinals before losing; the third-place game was rained out and not rescheduled. In addition, a Junior Softball team from Beaverton went to 2006 World Series in Kirkland, Washington, ending in sixth place.
In 2002, Beaverton's Little League Softball team took second place to Waco, Texas, in the Little League Softball World Series.
There are many children and adults' sports leagues in the Beaverton area.
|Country||City||Year of Partnership|
- "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-12-21.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-12-21.
- "Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-06-02.
- "American Factfinder". United States Census Bureau. 2010 Census. Retrieved 4 August 2012.
- "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "Money Magazine names Beaverton, Hillsboro in top 100 places to live". Beaverton Valley Times. July 12, 2010. Retrieved July 24, 2010.
- "Best Places to Live: Money's list of America's best small cities (2010)". Money (magazine). August 2010 (date of print issue). Archived from the original on 22 July 2010. Retrieved July 24, 2010.
- "Beaverton History". City of Beaverton. Archived from the original on 28 September 2007. Retrieved September 7, 2007.
- "Stage Fares To Increase" (August 6, 1947). The Oregonian, p. 9.
- Federman, Stan (September 2, 1970). "Tri-Met Action Averts Strike Of Bus Drivers; Agency To Assume Operation Of Four Suburban Blue Lines". The Oregonian, p. 1.
- McCarthy, Nancy (November 9, 1979). "Westside transitway options narrowed to 5". The Valley Times (Beaverton), p. A-1.
- Mayer, James (November 8, 1990). "Light-rail bond approved, but Tri-Met worries not over". The Oregonian, p. C4.
- County Board Approves Interim Plan with Beaverton[dead link], a December 2004 article from the Washington County website
- Statement By Nike Regarding The Recent Annexation Actions By The City Of Beaverton[dead link]
- Oregon State Bill 887 as enrolled from the Oregon Legislative Assembly website
- Mayor blasts Nike: 'I'm tired of the bullying', a July 2006 article from the Beaverton Valley Times
- Schmidt, Brad (April 8, 2009). "Beaverton drops annexation fight". The Oregonian. Archived from the original on 12 April 2009. Retrieved April 10, 2009.
- Harrington, Patrick (October 10, 2002). "Mall changing its look, identity and access routes". The Oregonian.
- "Worldwide Corporate Offices[dead link]." Phoenix Technologies. Retrieved on May 6, 2009.
- developerWorks : Open source tutorials and projects
- Goldfield, Robert. "Poorman-Douglas swallows up Hollywood's Beaverton space." Portland Business Journal. Friday October 4, 1996. Retrieved on September 26, 2010.
- the City of Beaverton Department of Finance. "City of Beaverton, Oregon Comprehensive Annual Financial Report for the Fiscal Year Ended June 30, 2009". Retrieved 4 August 2012.
- "Average Weather for Beaverton, OR – Temperature and Precipitation". Weather.com. Retrieved January 21, 2011.
- United States Census Bureau. "Census of Population and Housing". Retrieved September 25, 2013.
- "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2012". Retrieved September 25, 2013.
- "About Our Sister Cities". City of Beaverton. Retrieved August 28, 2011.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Beaverton, Oregon.|
- Entry for Beaverton from the Oregon Blue Book
- Beaverton Chamber of Commerce
- Beaverton Historical Society
- Beaverton on the Open Directory Project