Franz Beckenbauer

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Franz Beckenbauer
14-01-10-tbh-013.jpg
Beckenbauer in 2014.
Personal information
Full name Franz Anton Beckenbauer
Date of birth (1945-09-11) 11 September 1945 (age 69)
Place of birth Munich, Germany
Height 1.81 m (5 ft 11 12 in)
Playing position Sweeper
Youth career
1951–1959 SC 1906 München
1959–1964 Bayern Munich
Senior career*
Years Team Apps (Gls)
1964–1977 Bayern Munich 427 (60)
1977–1980 New York Cosmos 105 (19)
1980–1982 Hamburger SV 28 (0)
1983 New York Cosmos 27 (2)
Total 587 (81)
National team
1964 West Germany Youth 3 (3)
1965 West Germany B 2 (0)
1965–1977 West Germany 103 (14)
Teams managed
1984–1990 West Germany
1990–1991 Marseille
1993–1994 Bayern Munich
1996 Bayern Munich
* Senior club appearances and goals counted for the domestic league only.
† Appearances (Goals).

Franz Anton Beckenbauer (German pronunciation: [fʁant͡s ˈbɛkənˌbaʊ̯ɐ]; born 11 September 1945) is a German football coach, manager, and former player, nicknamed Der Kaiser ("The Emperor") because of his elegant style; his leadership; his first name "Franz" (reminiscent of the Austrian emperors), and his dominance on the football pitch. He is generally regarded as the greatest German footballer of all time and one of the greatest and most decorated footballers in the history of the game.[1][2] Beckenbauer was a versatile player, who started out as a midfielder, but made his name as a defender. He is often credited as having invented the role of the modern sweeper or libero.[3]

Twice selected European Footballer of the Year, Beckenbauer appeared 103 times for West Germany and played in three FIFA World Cups. He is one of only two men, along with Brazil's Mário Zagallo, to have won the World Cup both as a player and as a coach. He is the only one to win it as captain and coach: he lifted the World Cup trophy as captain in 1974, and repeated the feat as a manager in 1990. He was the first captain to lift the World Cup and the European Championship at international level and the European Cup at club level. He was named in the World Team of the 20th Century in 1998, the FIFA World Cup Dream Team in 2002, and in 2004 was listed in the FIFA 100 of the world's greatest living players.[4][5]

At club level with Bayern Munich, Beckenbauer won the UEFA Cup Winners' Cup in 1967 and three consecutive European Cups from 1974 to 1976. The latter feat made him the only player to win three European Cups as captain of his club. He became coach and later president of Bayern Munich. After two spells with the New York Cosmos he was inducted into the U.S. National Soccer Hall of Fame.

Today, Beckenbauer remains an influential figure in both German and international football. He led Germany's successful bid to host the 2006 FIFA World Cup and chaired the organizing committee. He currently works as a pundit for Sky Germany and is a columnist for the tabloid Bild.

Early years[edit]

Franz Beckenbauer was born in the post-war ruins of Munich, the second son of postal-worker Franz Beckenbauer, Sr. and his wife Antonie. He grew up in the working-class district of Giesing and, despite his father's cynicism about the game, started playing football at the age of nine with the youth team of SC Munich '06 in 1954.[6]

Originally a centre forward, he idolised 1954 World Cup winner Fritz Walter and supported local side 1860 Munich, then the pre-eminent team in the city, despite their relegation from the top league, the Oberliga Süd, in the 1950s. "It was always my dream to play for them" he would later confirm.[6] That he joined the Bayern Munich youth team in 1959, rather than that of his favourites 1860 Munich, was the result of a contentious Under-14 youth tournament in nearby Neubiberg. Beckenbauer and his teammates were aware that their SC Munich '06 club lacked the finance to continue running its youth sides, and had determined to join 1860 Munich as a group upon the tournament's conclusion. However, fortune decreed that SC Munich and 1860 would meet in the final and a series of niggles during the match eventually resulted in a physical confrontation between Beckenbauer and the opposing centre-half. The ill-feeling this engendered had a strong effect upon Beckenbauer and his teammates, who decided to join Bayern's youth side rather than the team they had recently come to blows with.[7]

In 1963, at the age of 18, Beckenbauer was engulfed by controversy when it was revealed that his then girlfriend was pregnant and that he had no intention of marrying her. Perhaps as a result of the less permissive social values of the era, he was banned from the West German national youth team by the DFB, and only readmitted after the intervention of the side's coach Dettmar Cramer.[8]

Club career[edit]

Beckenbauer (left) after Bayern Munich's Cup Winners' Cup triumph in 1967.

Beckenbauer made his debut with Bayern in the Regionalliga Süd ("Regional League South", then the second level in Germany) on the left wing against Stuttgarter Kickers on 6 June 1964. In his first season in the regional league, 1964–65, the team won promotion to the recently formed Bundesliga, the national league.

Bayern soon became a force in the new German league, winning the German Cup in 1966–67 and achieving European success in the Cup Winners' Cup in 1967. Beckenbauer became team captain for the 1968–69 season and led his club to their first league title. He began experimenting with the sweeper (libero) role around this time, refining the role into a new form and becoming perhaps the greatest exponent of the attacking sweeper game.[1]

Beckenbauer with the Club Cipolletti players during a match played in Argentina in 1980.

During Beckenbauer's tenure at Bayern Munich, the club won three league championships in a row from 1972 to 1974 and also a hat-trick of European Cup wins (1974–76) which earned the club the honour of keeping the trophy permanently.

Interestingly, since 1968 Beckenbauer, has been called Der Kaiser by fans and the media.[1] The following anecdote is told (even by Beckenbauer himself) to explain the origin: On the occasion of a friendly game of Bayern Munich in Vienna, Austria, Beckenbauer posed for a photo session right beside a bust of the former Austrian emperor Franz Joseph I. The media called him Fußball-Kaiser (football-emperor) afterwards, soon after he was just called Der Kaiser. However, according to a report in the German newspaper Welt am Sonntag, this explanation is untrue, though very popular. According to the report, Beckenbauer fouled his opposite number, Reinhard Libuda from Schalke 04, in the cup final on 14 June 1969. Disregarding the fans' hooting, Beckenbauer took the ball into the opposite part of the field, where he balanced the ball in front of the upset fans for half a minute. Libuda was commonly called König von Westfalen (king of Westphalia), so the press looked for an even more exalted moniker and invented Der Kaiser.[9]

Beckenbauer's popularity was such that he was included as a character in Monty Python's sketch "The Philosophers' Football Match" as the sole genuine player and a "surprise inclusion" to the German team.[10] During the match, between famous Greek and German philosophers, instead of actually playing football, all the "players" walk in circles contemplating philosophy, much to the confusion of Beckenbauer.[10]

In 1977, Beckenbauer accepted a lucrative contract to play in the North American Soccer League with the New York Cosmos. He played with the Cosmos for four seasons up to 1980, and the team won the Soccer Bowl on three occasions ('77, '78, '80).[1]

Beckenbauer retired after a two-year spell with Hamburger SV in Germany (1980–82) with the win of the Bundesliga title that year and one final season with the New York Cosmos in 1983. In his career in domestic leagues, he made 587 appearances and scored 81 goals.

International career[edit]

Beckenbauer won 103 caps and scored 14 goals for West Germany.[1] He was a member of the World Cup squads that finished runners-up in 1966, third place in 1970, and champions in 1974, while also being named to the tournament all-star team in all three editions. He also won the 1972 European Football Championship and finished as runners-up in the 1976 edition. Beckenbauer's first game for the national team came on 26 September 1965.[1]

1966 World Cup[edit]

The message he [Beckenbauer] sent out was: 'Don't even try it. Coming out to face me is a waste of your time.'

—England 1966 World Cup legend Bobby Charlton.[11]

Beckenbauer appeared in his first World Cup in 1966, playing every match. In his first World Cup match, against Switzerland, he scored twice in a 5–0 win.[12] West Germany won their group, and then beat Uruguay 4–0 in quarter-finals, with Beckenbauer scoring the second goal in the 70th minute.[12]

In the semi-finals, the Germans faced the USSR. Helmut Haller opened the scoring, with Beckenbauer contributing the second of the match, his fourth goal of the tournament.[12] The Soviets scored a late goal but were unable to draw level, and West Germany advanced to the final against hosts England. The English won the final and the Jules Rimet Trophy in extra time.[1] The Germans had fallen at the final hurdle, but Beckenbauer had a notable tournament, finishing tied for third on the list of top scorers—from a non-attacking position. The team returned to a heroes' welcome in their homeland.

1970 World Cup[edit]

West Germany won their first three matches before facing England in second round on a rematch of the 1966 final. The English were ahead 2–0 in the second half, but a spectacular goal by Beckenbauer in the 69th minute helped the Germans recover and equalise before the end of normal time and win the match in extra time.[12] West Germany advanced to the semi-finals to face Italy, in what would be known as the Game of the Century. He fractured his clavicle after being fouled, but he was not deterred from continuing in the match, as his side had already used their two permitted substitutions.[1] He stayed on the field carrying his dislocated arm in a sling. The result of this match was 4–3 (after extra time) in favour of the Italians. Germany defeated Uruguay 1–0 for third place.[1]

1972 European championship[edit]

Beckenbauer became captain of the national side in 1971. In 1972, West Germany won the European Championship, beating the Soviet Union 3–0 in the final.

1974 World Cup[edit]

The 1974 World Cup was hosted by West Germany and Beckenbauer led his side to victory, including a hard fought 2–1 win over the hotly favoured Netherlands side featuring Johan Cruyff. Beckenbauer and fellow defenders man-marked Cruyff so well that the Dutch were never quite able to put their "Total Football" into full use.[1]

Beckenbauer became the first captain to lift the new FIFA World Cup Trophy after Brazil had retained the Jules Rimet Trophy in 1970.[1] This also gave West Germany the distinction of being the first European national team to hold both the European Championship and World Cup titles simultaneously (two other countries have done it since: France in 2000, and Spain in 2010).

1976 European Championship[edit]

In the 1976 competition, West Germany again reached the final, where they lost on penalties to Czechoslovakia. Beckenbauer was named in the Team of the Tournament.

Beckenbauer retired from international football in 1977, at the age of 31, following his move to New York Cosmos.[13]

Managerial career[edit]

Beckenbauer receiving the Sports Bambi Award at the Leipzig Opera, Augustusplatz in 1990.

On his return to Germany, Beckenbauer was appointed manager of the West German national team to replace Jupp Derwall. He took the team all the way to the final of the 1986 World Cup, where they lost to the Diego Maradona inspired Argentina.[1]

In 1990, before the German reunification, Beckenbauer managed the last German team without East German players in a World Cup, winning the final 1–0, against Argentina, in a rematch of the previous World Cup final. Beckenbauer is one of two men (with Mario Zagallo) to have won the Cup as player and as manager, and he is the only man to have won the title as team captain as well as manager.[1]

Beckenbauer then moved into club management, and accepted a job with Olympique de Marseille in 1990 but left the club within 4 months. Marseille eventually won the 1990–91 French championship and ended runner-up of the 1990–91 European Cup.

From 28 December 1993 until 30 June 1994, and then from 29 April 1996 until 30 June of the same year, he coached Bayern Munich. His brief spells in charge saw him collect two further honours – the Bundesliga title in 1994 and the UEFA Cup in 1996.[14][15]

In 1994, he took on the role of club president at Bayern, and much of the Munich giants' success in the following years has been credited to his astute management. Following the club's decision to change from an association to a limited company, he has been chairman of the advisory board since the beginning of 2002.

In 1998, he became vice-president of the German Football Association.[1] At the end of the 1990s, Beckenbauer headed the successful bid by Germany to organize the 2006 FIFA World Cup.[1] He chaired the organizational committee for the World Cup and was a commentator for the Bild-Zeitung.

2014 ban[edit]

In June 2014, Beckenbauer was banned by FIFA for 90 days from any football-related activity for allegedly refusing to cooperate with an inquiry into corruption dealing with the allocation of the 2018 and 2022 World Cups to Russia and Qatar. He protested the ban, as he had requested the questions that were put to him be in German and in writing. The ban was lifted after Beckenbauer agreed to participate in FIFA's inquiry.[16]

Legacy[edit]

Franz Beckenbauer symbolises football and a winning mentality. On top of that, he brought the World Cup to his own country. We're proud of him.

—German tennis player Boris Becker.[11]

He's the hero of our nation. It hasn't happened by chance, he's earned it by hard work.

—West Germany team-mate Günter Netzer.[11]

Beckenbauer is widely considered to be one of the greatest defenders in the history of football.[1][2] He is often credited as having invented the role of the modern sweeper or libero, a defensive player who intervenes proactively in the offensive game of his team.[3] Named European Footballer of the Year twice, Beckenbauer was chosen on the World Team of the 20th Century in 1998, and the FIFA World Cup Dream Team in 2002.[5][17]

An icon in Germany, and one of only two men to have won the World Cup both as a player and as a coach, Beckenbauer was lauded by former German chancellor Gerhard Schröder for winning the World Cup as a player in 1974, winning as manager in 1990, and for playing a leading role in Germany's success of achieving host status of the 2006 World Cup.[11]

Personal life[edit]

Beckenbauer has been married three times and has five children, one of whom, Stephan, was a professional footballer.[18][19] After appearing in an ad for a big mobile phone company, Beckenbauer specifically requested the number 0176 / 666666 for his mobile phone. However, he soon was flooded with phone calls by men who thought it was a phone sex number (in German, "6" translates to "sechs", very close to the word sex).[20]

Career statistics[edit]

Club statistics[edit]

A Cosmos jersey worn in 1977.
Club performance League Cup League Cup Continental World Total
Club League Season Apps Goals Apps Goals Apps Goals Apps Goals Apps Goals Apps Goals
Germany League DFB-Pokal DFB-Ligapokal Europe Toyota Cup Total
Bayern Munich Regionalliga Süd 1963–64 6 2 - - - - 6 2
1964–65 37 17 - 37 17
Bundesliga 1965–66 33 4 6 1 - - 39 5
1966–67 33 0 5 0 9 0 - 47 0
1967–68 28 4 4 0 7 1 - 39 5
1968–69 33 2 6 0 - - 39 2
1969–70 34 6 1 0 2 0 - 37 6
1970–71 33 3 9 1 8 1 - 50 5
1971–72 34 6 6 1 7 1 - 47 8
1972–73 34 6 6 0 6 1 - 46 7
1973–74 34 5 4 0 - 10 1 - 48 5
1974–75 33 1 3 0 7 1 - 43 2
1975–76 34 5 7 2 9 0 2 0 52 7
1976–77 33 3 4 0 - - 37 3
United States NASL National Challenge Cup NASL playoffs North America Total
New York Cosmos NASL 1977 15 4 - 15 4
1978 27 8 - 27 8
1979 12 1 - 12 1
1980 26 4 - 26 4
Germany Bundesliga DFB-Pokal Europe Toyota Cup Total
Hamburger SV Bundesliga 1980–81 18 0 1 0 - 0 0 - 19 0
1981–82 10 0 3 0 5 0 - 18 0
United States NASL National Challenge Cup NASL playoffs North America Total
New York Cosmos NASL 1983 25 2 - 25 2
Club totals Bayern Munich 406 66 55 5 65 6 2 0 528 77
New York Cosmos 105 17 - 105 17
Hamburger SV 28 0 4 0 - 5 0 0 0 37 0
Career totals Germany 434 66 59 5 70 6 2 0 565 77
United States 105 17 - 105 17
Career stats 539 83 59 5 70 6 2 0 670 94

International statistics[edit]

National team statistics[edit]

Franz Beckenbauer at National-Football-Teams.com

Germany national team
Year Apps Goals
1965 3 0
1966 12 7
1967 5 0
1968 9 1
1969 6 0
1970 12 2
1971 9 2
1972 7 0
1973 10 1
1974 15 0
1975 7 0
1976 7 1
1977 1 0
Total 103 14

International goals[edit]

Scores and results table. Germany's goal tally first:
# Date Venue Opponent Score Result Competition
1. 23 March 1966 Rotterdam, Netherlands  Netherlands 3–1 4–2 Friendly
2. 23 March 1966 Rotterdam, Netherlands  Netherlands 4–2 4–2 Friendly
3. 4 May 1966 Dublin, Republic of Ireland  Republic of Ireland 2–0 4–0 Friendly
4. 12 July 1966 Sheffield, England  Switzerland 3–0 5–0 FIFA World Cup 1966
5. 12 July 1966 Sheffield, England  Switzerland 4–0 5–0 FIFA World Cup 1966
6. 23 July 1966 Sheffield, England  Uruguay 2–0 4–0 FIFA World Cup 1966
7. 25 July 1966 Liverpool, England  Soviet Union 2–0 2–1 FIFA World Cup 1966
8. 1 June 1968 Hanover, Germany  England 1–0 1–0 Friendly
9. 14 June 1970 León, Mexico  England 1–2 3–2 (a.e.t.) FIFA World Cup 1970
10. 22 November 1970 Athens, Greece  Greece 3–1 3–1 Friendly
11. 22 June 1971 Oslo, Norway  Norway 3–0 7–1 Friendly
12. 30 June 1971 Copenhagen, Denmark  Denmark 3–1 3–1 Friendly
13. 12 May 1973 Hamburg, Germany  Bulgaria 1–0 3–0 Friendly
14. 6 October 1976 Cardiff, Wales  Wales 1–0 2–0 Friendly

Coaching statistics[edit]

As of 22 January 2014
Team From To Record
G W D L Win % Ref.
West Germany 1984[21] 1990[21] 66 34 20 12 51.52 [21]
Olympique Marseille 1 September 1990[22] 31 December 1990[22] 25 16 4 5 64.00 [23]
Bayern Munich 28 December 1993[24] 30 June 1994[24] 14 9 2 3 64.29 [24]
Bayern Munich 28 April 1996[24] 30 June 1996[24] 5 3 0 2 60.00 [24]
Total 110 62 26 22 56.36

Honours[edit]

Player[edit]

Bayern Munich
Hamburger SV
New York Cosmos
West Germany

Manager[edit]

West Germany
Marseille
Bayern Munich

Individual[edit]

Civil[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p "Der Kaiser, the brains behind Germany". FIFA. Retrieved 24 July 2009. 
  2. ^ a b Lawton, James (3 June 2006). "Franz Beckenbauer: The Kaiser". The Independent (UK). Retrieved 24 July 2009. 
  3. ^ a b "Franz Beckenbauer bio". ifhof.com – International Football Hall of Fame. Retrieved 29 March 2008. 
  4. ^ "Pele's list of the greatest". BBC Sport. 4 March 2004. Retrieved 16 November 2013. 
  5. ^ a b Leme de Arruda, Marcelo (24 July 2014). World All-Time Teams "World All-Time Teams". RSSSF. Retrieved 27 July 2014. 
  6. ^ a b Hesse-Lichtenberger, p. 205
  7. ^ Hesse-Lichtenberger, pp. 204–6
  8. ^ Hesse-Lichtenberger, p. 216
  9. ^ Krull, Patrick (11 September 2005). "Des Kaisers falscher Schluß". Welt am Sonntag (in German). Retrieved 29 March 2008. 
  10. ^ a b Larsen, Darl (2008). Monty Python's Flying Circus: An Utterly Complete, Thoroughly Unillustrated, Absolutely Unauthorized Guide to Possibly All the References. Rowman & Littlefield. p. 158. 
  11. ^ a b c d "Franz Beckenbauer - I was there". FIFA.com. Retrieved 22 May 2014. 
  12. ^ a b c d "Franz BECKENBAUER". FIFA.com. Retrieved 22 May 2014. 
  13. ^ Molinaro, John (8 June 2014). "1978 World Cup: Argentina finally wins". sportsnet.ca. Retrieved 18 June 2014. 
  14. ^ Chemin, Michel (2 May 1996). "Le Bayern prend l'avantage, pas la finale Battus 2–0 à Munich, les Girondins devront refaire, le 15 mai, le coup de Milan". Libération (in French). Retrieved 29 August 2014. 
  15. ^ Leroux, Patrick (16 May 1996). "Bordeaux a rêvé, Munich a gagné. Le miracle n'a pas eu lieu. Vainqueur 3–1, le Bayern remporte la Coupe de l'UEFA". Libération (in French). Retrieved 29 August 2014. 
  16. ^ "Franz Beckenbauer’s ban lifted after agreeing to take part in Fifa inquiry". The Guardian. 27 June 2014. Retrieved 14 July 2014. 
  17. ^ "FIFA DREAM TEAM: Maradona voted top player". expressindia.com. 19 June 2002. Retrieved 22 May 2014. 
  18. ^ "Franz Beckenbauer marries for third time". www.stararticle.com. Retrieved 29 May 2008. 
  19. ^ "Beckenbauer feiert Hochzeit nach". Der Spiegel. 22 July 2006. Retrieved 29 May 2008. 
  20. ^ "Telefonverrückte Fußballer: Kaiserliche Liebes-Hotline". Der Spiegel (in German). 19 December 2006. Retrieved 29 March 2008. 
  21. ^ a b c "Nationaltrainer" (in German). DFB. Retrieved 22 January 2014. 
  22. ^ a b "Olympique Marseille » Trainerhistorie". World Football. Retrieved 22 January 2014. 
  23. ^ "Olympique Marseille » Dates & results 1990/1991". World Football. Retrieved 22 January 2014. 
  24. ^ a b c d e f "Bayern München" (in German). kicker. Retrieved 22 January 2014. 
  25. ^ "Beckenbauer jetzt "Kosovo-Ehrenbotschafter"" (in German). Financial Times Deutschland. 4 March 2011. Retrieved 4 March 2011. 

Bibliography[edit]

External links[edit]