Beckenham (UK Parliament constituency)
|This article needs additional citations for verification. (December 2009)|
|for the House of Commons|
Boundary of Beckenham in Greater London.
|Electorate||66,470 (December 2010)|
|Member of Parliament||Bob Stewart (Conservative)|
|Number of members||One|
|European Parliament constituency||London|
- 1 Constituency profile
- 2 History
- 3 Boundaries
- 4 Members of Parliament
- 5 Elections
- 6 See also
- 7 Notes and references
The northernmost third of the constituency is in part contiguous to Penge and Crystal Palace and has similar demographics to the borough to the northwest and to Norwood Junction in having significantly more social housing than the Greater London average. However these wards in 2005 and 2010 voted strongly for the Liberal Democrats, with Labour also competitive.
The remaining half of wards, the three in the south, consist of a larger majority of private housing than the other wards which can be branded as leafy Bromley suburbia in the "BR2 postcode" — one widely known gazetteer summarises this in 2012:
"The properties on these streets typically include a range of styles, from modern to Mock Tudor. However many local residents are wealthy city commuters. Keston Common and Keston Ponds are both popular attractions for locals...The common theme is large, detached houses with substantial land and typically with asking prices of over £1 million. At the lower end of the market, a one bedroom period conversion flat on Turpington Lane near Bromley Common, or a one bedroom flat in a modern block on Homesdale Road, near the Bickley border, would demand an asking price of approximately £160,000."
Also in the southeast is the small town centre of Beckenham itself. These three wards to date have voted between 60-70% for Conservatives which means that, even with Labour leading the national polls, the whole seat has had to date Conservative safe seat status.
Opposition has featured since 1983 a close contest for second place between Labour and the Liberal Democrats. Labour's share has kept much greater than in Orpington whereas Liberal Democrat share has kept much greater than in Croydon Central.[n 3]
The constituency has only elected Conservatives as its MPs since 1950.
The closest the Conservatives have ever come to losing this seat was at a by-election in November 1997, at the height of Tony Blair's 'honeymoon period' as Prime Minister, following the resignation of the previous MP Piers Merchant in a sex scandal. Even then, the former MP for Hastings who lost her seat in the earlier 1997 general election, Jacqui Lait, managed to win the seat by just over 1,000 votes.
Between 1957 and 1992 the long-serving MP for Beckenham was Sir Philip Goodhart, who was soon after 1979 discovered by Margaret Thatcher to be a left-of-centre or 'wet conservative' and consequently his career as a junior minister came to a quick end. Goodhart is best known for his book on the workings of the Conservative MPs' 1922 Committee, and for his brother Charles, who was a famous economics professor at LSE and sat for some time on the Bank of England's monetary policy committee.
Before Sir Philip Goodhart, the former Conservative Chief Whip Patrick Buchan-Hepburn represented Beckenham in Parliament.
Beckenham constituency covers the north-western part of the London Borough of Bromley. Since 2010 it is made up of six electoral wards from the borough:
- Bromley Common and Keston, Copers Cope, Hayes and Coney Hall, Kelsey and Eden Park, Shortlands, and West Wickham.
Latest boundary review
Following their review of parliamentary representation in South London, the Boundary Commission for England made revisions to the existing Beckenham constituency. Clock House ward, Crystal Palace ward, and Penge and Cator ward were transferred from Beckenham to help create the new constituency of Lewisham West and Penge. Parts of Bromley Common and Keston ward, Hayes and Coney Hall ward, and Shortlands ward were transferred to Beckenham from Bromley and Chislehurst. A small part of Bromley Common and Keston ward was transferred to Beckenham from Orpington and a tiny part of Bromley Town ward was transferred from Beckenham to Bromley and Chislehurst.
1983-1997: The London Borough of Bromley wards of Anerley, Clock House, Copers Cope, Eden Park, Kelsey Park, Lawrie Park and Kent House, Penge, and Shortlands.
1997-2010: The London Borough of Bromley wards of Anerley, Clock House, Copers Cope, Eden Park, Kelsey Park, Lawrie Park and Kent House, Penge, Shortlands, West Wickham North, and West Wickham South. The local government ward boundaries were then reviewed with effect from May 2002, though this did not affect parliamentary constituency boundaries until the 2010 redistribution.
Members of Parliament
|1957 by-election||Sir Philip Goodhart||Conservative|
|1997 by-election||Jacqui Lait||Conservative|
Elections in the 2010s
|General Election 2010: Beckenham|
|Liberal Democrat||Stephen Jenkins||9,813||20.6||+4.5|
|English Democrats||Dan Eastgate||223||0.5||+0.5|
Elections in the 2000s
|General Election 2005: Beckenham|
|Labour||Liam K. Curran||13,782||28.1||–6.3|
|Liberal Democrat||Jef W. Foulger||10,862||22.2||+6.2|
|UKIP||James D.C. Cartwright||1,301||2.7||+1.0|
|Independent||Roderick A. Reed||836||1.7||+1.7|
|General Election 2001: Beckenham|
|Labour||Richard F. Watts||15,659||34.4||+1.0|
|Liberal Democrat||Alexander D. Feakes||7,308||16.0||–2.1|
|Green||Miss Karen A. Moran||961||2.1|
|UKIP||Christopher N. Pratt||782||1.7||+0.8|
Elections in the 1990s
|Beckenham by-election, 1997|
|Labour||Robert N. Hughes||11,935||37.4||+4.0|
|Liberal Democrat||Miss Rosemary E. Vetterlein||5,864||18.4||+0.2|
|Liberal||Phil H. Rimmer||330||1.0||–0.3|
|National Front||John C. McAuley||267||0.8||+0.09|
|Referendum Party||Leonard F. Mead||237||0.8||–2.4|
|Natural Law||John D. Small||44||0.1||N/A|
|General Election 1997: Beckenham|
|Labour||Robert N. Hughes||18,131||33.4||+9.6|
|Liberal Democrat||Miss Rosemary E. Vetterlein||9,858||18.1||+0.7|
|Referendum Party||Leonard F. Mead||1,663||3.1||N/A|
|Liberal||Phil H. Rimmer||720||1.3||-0.1|
|UKIP||Christopher N. Pratt||506||0.9||N/A|
|National Front||John C. McAuley||388||0.71||N/A|
|General Election 1992: Beckenham|
|Labour||Kenneth G.H. Ritchie||11,038||23.8||+6.0|
|Liberal Democrat||Mrs Mary C. Williams||8,038||17.4||-8.5|
|Natural Law||Patrick J. Shaw||243||0.5||+0.5|
Elections in the 1980s
|General Election 1987: Beckenham|
|General Election 1983: Beckenham|
Elections in the 1970s
|General Election 1979: Beckenham|
|National Front||N. Dickson||606||1.40|
|General Election October 1974: Beckenham|
|General Election February 1974: Beckenham|
|General Election 1970: Beckenham|
Elections in the 1960s
|General Election 1966: Beckenham|
|General Election 1964: Beckenham|
Elections in the 1950s
|General Election 1959: Beckenham|
|Conservative||Philip Carter Goodhart||36,528||61.61|
|Liberal||Herbert H Monroe||9,365||15.80|
|Beckenham by-election, 1957|
|Conservative||Philip Carter Goodhart||29,621|
|Labour||Neville D Sandelson||17,445|
|General Election 1955: Beckenham|
|General Election 1951: Beckenham|
|General Election 1950: Beckenham|
|Liberal||Herbert H Monroe||6,834||10.74|
Notes and references
- A borough constituency (for the purposes of election expenses and type of returning officer)
- As with all constituencies, the constituency elects one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first past the post system of election at least every five years.
- Both Orpington and Croydon Central are conservative neighbouring seats.
- "Electorate Figures - Boundary Commission for England". 2011 Electorate Figures. Boundary Commission for England. 4 March 2011. Retrieved 13 March 2011.
- 2001 Census
- Mouseprice area guide - BR2
- Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "B" (part 1)[self-published source][better source needed]
- "PPC for Beckenham". Labour. Archived from the original on 2 April 2010. Retrieved 19 March 2010.
- "Politics Resources". Election 1992. Politics Resources. 9 April 1992. Retrieved 6 Dec 2010.