St Mary's Chuch, Beddington in the London Borough of Sutton
Beddington shown within Greater London
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|Ceremonial county||Greater London|
|Sovereign state||United Kingdom|
|UK Parliament||Carshalton and Wallington|
|London Assembly||Croydon and Sutton|
|Croydon and Sutton|
Beddington is a settlement in the London Borough of Sutton on the boundary with the London Borough of Croydon. The renowned BedZED low energy housing scheme (short for Beddington Zero Energy Development) is actually located in the adjoining settlement of Hackbridge, which is aso in the London Borough of Sutton.
The settlement appears in the Domesday Book as Beddinton(e). It was held partly by Robert de Watevile from Richard de Tonebrige and by Miles Crispin. Its Domesday Assets were: 6 hides; 1 church, 14 ploughs, 4 mills worth £3 15s 0d, 44 acres (178,000 m2) of meadow, woodland worth 10 hogs. It rendered: £19 10s 0d.
Beddington Park was the former manor house of the Carew family, lost to money lenders (see George Samuel Ford) and bad debts by Charles Hallowell Hallowell Carew in the 1850s. The Domesday Book mentions two Beddington estates and these were united by Nicholas Carew to form Carew Manor in 1381. The Manor, once a medieval moated house, was home to the Royal Female Orphanage from 1866 until 1968. It now contains council offices and Carew Manor School.
In about 1591 Sir Walter Raleigh secretly, and without royal permission, married one of Queen Elizabeth I's maids of honour, Elizabeth Throckmorton of Carew Manor. Raleigh spent time in the Tower of London for this and Elizabeth was expelled from the court but the marriage appears to have been a genuine love-match and survived the imprisonment. A popular story is that when Raleigh was beheaded by James I in 1618, Elizabeth claimed his embalmed head and kept it in a bag for the rest of her life. His body was buried in St Margaret's, Westminster, and after his wife's death 29 years later, Raleigh's head was returned to his tomb and interred at St. Margaret's Church. Local myths claim the head remains in Beddington park or was inherited by his son and buried with him.
The Grade I listed great hall (or banqueting hall), containing a fine hammerbeam roof, survives from the mediaeval house. In the grounds are part of the orangery built in the early 18th century around orange trees planted by Sir Francis Carew (claimed to be the first planted in England) and an early 18th-century Grade II* listed dovecote.
Queen Elizabeth's Walk is a short wooded trail that dates back to the first Elizabeth. Local legend has it that the Monarch and Sir Walter Raleigh used to stroll together there. However, this was actually land left unused for the proposed M23 motorway extension.
Archaeologists have recently discovered a Tudor garden including a grotto at Carew Manor, believed to have been created by Sir Francis Carew in the 16th century. Its exact location is currently[when?] not being disclosed in order to protect it from looting.
- Surrey Domesday Book
- Debrett's Peerage, 1968, Carew Baronets, p.155
- "Re Charles Hallowel Hallowell Carew, Esquire of Beddington Park, in the county of Surrey". 15 October 1856. London Gazette. Retrieved 25 November 2013.
- Lloyd, J & Mitchinson, J: "The Book of General I.
- Beddington Place (Great Hall Only), Sutton
- Pigeon House to North West of Beddington Place, Sutton
- Parish Church of St Mary the Virgin, Sutton
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