Bedford, Eastern Cape

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Bedford
Presbyterian Church in Bedford
Presbyterian Church in Bedford
Bedford is located in South Africa
Bedford
Bedford
 Bedford shown within South Africa
Coordinates: 32°41′S 26°05′E / 32.683°S 26.083°E / -32.683; 26.083Coordinates: 32°41′S 26°05′E / 32.683°S 26.083°E / -32.683; 26.083
Country South Africa
Province Eastern Cape
District Amathole
Municipality Nxuba
Established 1854[1]
Area[2]
 • Total 14.6 km2 (5.6 sq mi)
Elevation 740 m (2,430 ft)
Population (2011)[2]
 • Total 8,770
 • Density 600/km2 (1,600/sq mi)
Racial makeup (2011)[2]
 • Black African 68.9%
 • Coloured 27.1%
 • Indian/Asian 0.1%
 • White 3.2%
 • Other 0.7%
First languages (2011)[2]
 • Xhosa 63.5%
 • Afrikaans 29.7%
 • English 4.5%
 • Other 2.2%
Postal code (street) 5780
PO box 5780
Area code 046

Bedford is a town in the centre of the Eastern Cape province of South Africa. It was established in the mid-19th century when Sir Andries Stockenstroom sold portions of land from his farm Maastroom to raise funds for the restoration of his library, which had been burnt by British soldiers mistrustful of his attempts to broker peace in one of the Cape Frontier Wars.

It is located on the southern edge of the Winterberg mountain range, in the smaldeel (a narrow strip of grass land running laterally from Fort Beaufort to Somerset East, renowned for its sweet grass). The town suffered a major decline in fortunes in the latter half of the 20th century before reviving itself around the turn of the millennium. It is regarded today as an artist's haven and retirement village.

The lack of industry in the town, while a boon to those hoping to escape the rat race, means that the town has a large unemployment rate. The woes of the poor are exacerbated by a high HIV-AIDS infection rate.

The Bedford Provincial Hospital is situated in Maitland street, only 3 blocks northwest of the small CBD.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Chronological order of town establishment in South Africa based on Floyd (1960:20-26)". pp. xlv–lii. 
  2. ^ a b c d Sum of the Main Places Bedford, Nonzwakazi and Nyara from Census 2011.

External links[edit]