Bedford, Nova Scotia

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Bedford
Community
Waterfront development in Bedford, NS at the tip of the Bedford Basin
Waterfront development in Bedford, NS at the tip of the Bedford Basin
Location of Bedford, Nova Scotia
Location of Bedford, Nova Scotia
Bedford is located in Nova Scotia
Bedford
Bedford
Location of Bedford, Nova Scotia
Coordinates: 44°43′56″N 63°39′24″W / 44.73212°N 63.65676°W / 44.73212; -63.65676Coordinates: 44°43′56″N 63°39′24″W / 44.73212°N 63.65676°W / 44.73212; -63.65676
Country  Canada
Province  Nova Scotia
Municipality Halifax Regional Municipality
District 21
Founded 1750
Incorporated July 1, 1980
Dissolved April 1, 1996
Government
 • Governing Body Halifax Regional Council
 • Community Council North West Community Council
Highest elevation 107 m (351 ft)
Lowest elevation 0 m (0 ft)
Population (2011)[1]
 • Total 18,553
Time zone AST (UTC-4)
 • Summer (DST) ADT (UTC-3)
Postal code span B4A to B4B
Area code(s) 902
Median Income* $64,963 CDN
Telephone Exchange 832, 835, 444
GNBC Code CACLW
NTS Map 011D12
* Median household income, 2005 (all households)

Bedford is a community in the Halifax Regional Municipality, Nova Scotia, Canada. It was an independent town from 1980-1996. Bedford lies on the northwestern end of Bedford Basin, an extension of the Halifax Harbour. Bedford is located at the junctions of Trunks 1, 2, and 7.

History[edit]

Eighteenth century[edit]

Scott Manor House (built 1770)

Father Le Loutre's War began when Edward Cornwallis arrived to establish Halifax with 13 transports on June 21, 1749.[2] By unilaterally establishing Halifax the British were violating earlier treaties with the Mi'kmaq (1726), which were signed after Father Rale's War.[3] The British quickly began to build other settlements. To guard against Mi'kmaq, Acadian and French attacks on the new Protestant settlements, British fortifications were erected in Halifax (1749), Bedford (Fort Sackville) (1749), Dartmouth (1750), Lunenburg (1753) and Lawrencetown (1754).

The history of Bedford began when Governor Edward Cornwallis organised his men and began the construction of a road leading to Minas Basin on the Bay of Fundy after establishing the garrison at Halifax. To protect it, he hired John Gorham and his Rangers to erect a fort on the shore of Bedford Basin. It was named Fort Sackville after Lionel Sackville, 1st Duke of Dorset.[4] The area around the fort became known as Sackville until the mid-1850s when it became Bedford.

In 1752, among the first to receive a large land grant was military officer George Scott in the Fort Sackville area. George Scott later participated in the Expulsion of the Acadians, specifically the St. John River Campaign (1758). George Scott's brother Joseph, was paymaster at the Halifax Garrison in the 1760s received two grants in 1759 and 1765. He built Scott Manor House in 1770.

Nineteenth century[edit]

Anthony Holland established the Acadian Paper Mill on the Basin around 1819 to provide paper to produce the Halifax newspaper Acadian Recorder.

When the railway went through the station named Millview, the Moirs, Son and Co. moved a part of the Moirs Mill factory to Bedford. The Moirs Mill generating station built in the early 1930s to supply the necessary electricity required to run the factory.

The village adopted the name Bedford around 1850. The name is in honour of John Russell, 4th Duke of Bedford and Secretary of State for the colonies in 1749. In 1896 the name became official by an Act of Legislation.

Twentieth century[edit]

Historical population
Year Pop.   ±%  
1981 6,777 —    
1986 8,010 +18.2%
1991 11,618 +45.0%
1996 13,638 +17.4%
2001 15,971 +17.1%
2006 16,601 +3.9%
2011 18,553 +11.8%
[5][6]

Bedford was incorporated as a town on July 1, 1980. On April 1, 1996, Bedford was amalgamated with Halifax, Dartmouth, and Halifax County Municipality to form the Halifax Regional Municipality (HRM) for the municipal level of government however the place name still exist for 911, mail, legal and other services.

The mayor of Bedford at the time of amalgamation, Peter J. Kelly, would later serve as mayor of HRM from 2000 to 2012. The first mayor of Bedford was Francene Cosman.

Macleans Magazine rated Bedford as being the "Best Community to Live in Canada," in an issue dated March 23, 1997.

Sports and recreation[edit]

There is a popular walkway along much of the Bedford Basin waterfront that begins at DeWolf park, and continues as the Bedford-Sackville Connector Greenway, a crushed gravel covered trail that meanders along the Sackville River. There is an outdoor 25m pool and smaller splash pool located at the Lions Park on Shore Drive. In the summer there are numerous lakes suitable for swimming. The topography of the area limits the possible locations for soccer and football fields. However, there are fields at Basinview Drive School, Sunnyside Elementary (Eaglewood location), Bedford Junior High, Charles P. Allen High School, Bedford South and Range Park. The community is currently home to six ice surfaces, at the Lebrun Centre, Gary Martin Bubble Dome and the BMO Centre. Bedford is a well-established sailing community, and is home to the Bedford Basin Yacht Club and Marina. Its also home of the Maritime Road Hockey League.

Traditions[edit]

Bedford Days has occurred annually at the end of June and beginning of July for over 30 years. Currently, most events take place at Dewolf Park. There is an Opening Celebration, Rubber Duck Dash, Free pancake breakfast, Dog show, Scott Manor House Tea Party, Kids' Extravaganza, Kids' Triathlon, Movies in the Park and a Canada Day Celebration.[7]

The Light Up Bedford Parade is an annual parade that goes along the Bedford Highway from Bedford Place Mall and ends at DeWolf Park. At the park there is a hot chocolate stand, Christmas carol singing and contests and prizes. At the conclusion of the parade, a Christmas Tree is lit. In addition to bringing the community together to celebrate the beginning of the Christmas season, the parade serves as a fundraiser for the Turkey Club Society, which raises funds to ensure all residents of HRM are able to provide a Christmas dinner for their families. The parade takes place on the Sunday following the Light Up Halifax Parade, which is usually mid-November.

Education[edit]

Depending on where they live, students may attend the following schools in the Bedford area:

Bedford area also has two private schools :


Transportation[edit]

Bedford is served by Halifax Regional Municipality's transit authority, Metro Transit. Routes 66, 81, 82, 86, 89, and 90 directly serve Bedford while many more routes serve the nearby Cobequid terminal in Lower Sackville.

There is a fast ferry service planned for the Mill Cove area that would connect to the Ferry Terminal in Downtown Halifax. However, this proposed service is controversial due to disputes over projected costs and ridership levels.

Bedford is well serviced by taxis, buses, roads, highways, and sidewalks/walking paths.

Demographics[edit]

  • Median household income in 2000 was $64,963.
  • Unemployment rate in 2001 was 6.7.
  • Average house value in 2001 was $179,881.

Notable residents[edit]

References[edit]

Notes

  1. ^ "Nova Scotia Community Counts". Province of Nova Scotia. Retrieved 2011-09-02. 
  2. ^ Grenier, John. The Far Reaches of Empire. War in Nova Scotia, 1710-1760. Norman: U of Oklahoma P, 2008; Thomas Beamish Akins. History of Halifax, Brookhouse Press. 1895. (2002 edition). p 7
  3. ^ Wicken, p. 181; Griffith, p. 390; Also see http://www.northeastarch.com/vieux_logis.html
  4. ^ Cutherbertson and Architects, p. 48
  5. ^ [1], Censuses 1981-2001
  6. ^ [2], Census 2006
  7. ^ Bedford Days web site

Sources

  • Grenier, John. The Far Reaches of Empire. War in Nova Scotia, 1710-1760. Norman: U of Oklahoma P, 2008.
  • Griffiths, Naomi Elizabeth Saundaus. From Migrant to Acadian: A North American border people, 1604-1755. Montreal, Kingston: McGill-Queen's UP, 2005.
  • Murdoch, Beamish. A History of Nova Scotia, Or Acadia. Vol 2. LaVergne: BiblioBazaar, 2009. pp. 166–167
  • Wicken, William. Mi'kmaq Treaties on Trial: History, Land, and Donald Marshall Junior. University of Toronto Press. 2002.
  • http://www.lightupbedfordparade.com/#About_The_Parade

External links[edit]