Bedford CF

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Bedford CF
Bedford CF based Dormobile Debonaire ca 1980 Schaffen-Diest 2012.jpg
Overview
Manufacturer Bedford Vehicles
Also called Opel Bedford Blitz
Production 1969–1988
Body and chassis
Class Light commercial vehicle
Body style Van
Layout Longitudinal front engine, rear-wheel drive
Related Bedford Dormobile
Powertrain
Engine

Slant Four
1.6 L
1.8 L
2.0 L
2.25 L
2.3 L

Holden straight 6
2.85 L
3.3 L
Transmission 3-speed manual
4-speed manual
5-speed manual
3-speed automatic
Dimensions
Wheelbase 106–140 in (2,692–3,556 mm)
Chronology
Predecessor Bedford CA

The Bedford CF was range of full-size panel vans produced by Vauxhall's Bedford Vehicles subsidiary. The van was introduced in 1969 to replace the older CA model, and was sized to compete directly with the Ford Transit, which had entered production 4 years earlier.

As Vauxhall/Bedford was a General Motors subsidiary, outside of the United Kingdom and Ireland, the CF was sold through Opel dealers as the Opel Bedford Blitz from 1973 on.

The CF was notable for being the last solely Vauxhall-engineered vehicle when it was discontinued in 1987 (the last Vauxhall passenger car had been the HC Viva which had ceased production in 1979); since all Vauxhall models by that point had switched to being based on Opel platforms. The Bedford brand continued on certain badge engineered light van designs from Isuzu and Suzuki, before being retired in 1991.

CF[edit]

(late) German market Bedford Blitz, note 'Opel' logotype

Introduced November 1969[1] to replace the 17 year old Bedford CA, the CF van variants soon became some of the most popular light commercial vehicles on British roads.

The CF could be specified with a sliding door in the side panel directly behind the passenger door,[1] and it was generally with this layout that the van was also commonly used as a base vehicle for a caravanette.[2]

The engine was the well-proven Slant Four engine which was introduced for the Vauxhall FD Victor models in 1967. Apart from an increased engine capacity from 1.6 l (1,598 cc) to 1.8 l (1,759 cc) units and from 2.0 l (1,975 cc) to 2.3 l (2,279 cc) in 1972, the power units remained unchanged. A four cylinder 1.8 l (1,760 cc) Perkins diesel engine could be specified for an extra GB£130 (1969),[1] while a larger 2.5 l (2,523 cc) version was used for heavier versions. In 1977, a 2.1 l (2,064 cc) overhead valve (OHV) diesel engine from Opel replaced the outdated Perkins units.

In Australasian markets, the CF could be optioned with Holden six-cylinder units, in 2,850 cc (173.9 cu in) and 3,310 cc (202.0 cu in) forms. This was as an answer to the rival Ford Transit range, which in Australia used six-cylinder engines from the Ford Falcon vehicles.

The Bedford used the same basic suspension lay-out as the Vauxhall Victor, though married to greater wheel arch clearances and calibrated for greater weight carrying capacity.[3] The front independent suspension featured a double wishbone layout with coil springs and telescopic shock absorbers, while the rear wheels were suspended by a combination involving a live axle and traditional long single-leaf springs.[1]

Several different manual transmissions were used, namely the Vauxhall three-speed, four-speed, Bedford four-speed, ZF four-speed, ZF five-speed, and the General Motors automatic. The Laycock type of overdrive was available to order or on the later Vauxhall four-speed models.[2]

There were three CF1 body styles. A standard panel van which was intended to rival the Ford Transit; the special van body (essentially a self-contained cab with a general-purpose chassis onto which a wide range of custom-built bodies or beds could be built), and the Dormobile (caravanette).

CF1 "facelift"[edit]

1985 CF series 2

The CF series 1 facelift was introduced in 1980, introducing the 2.3 L (2,260 cc) Opel 23D diesel engine with 61 hp (45.5 kW).[4]

Units exported to Germany (Bedford Blitz) received a smaller, 2.0 L (1,998 cc) diesel, producing 60 PS (44 kW; 59 hp).[5] The 1.8 and 2.3 litre petrol units remained the same.

The restyled front end was engineered so that by removing 8 bolts the whole front panel could be completely removed, providing easy access to the engine so it could be removed from the front instead of from underneath like on the CF1.

(The CF1 "facelift" is often confused with being a CF2 because it's difficult to tell them apart from the exterior. The easiest visual check is that that the CF facelift will have the same old metallic door handles and mirrors as the CF1 while on the CF2 have new plastic ones.)

CF2[edit]

In 1984 the CF was renamed CF2 and basically only received mechanical upgrades. The diesel engines remained the 2.3 (with the 2.0 available in continental Europe) but the old Vauxhall slant fours were replaced by a 2.0 L (1,979 cc), 78 hp (58 kW) version of the Opel CIH four cylinder.[4]
New transmissions were also available:
• 4-speed GM all-synchromesh gearbox on short wheelbase models;
• ZF 5-speed overdrive all-synchromesh gearbox standard on all long wheelbase models and optional on others;
• GM automatic transmission optional on most models;
• Choice of axle ratios on nearly all models.
And new efficient brakes:
• Front disc brakes with self-adjusting rear drums on CF2/230 to CF2/280;
• Self-adjusting drums all around on CF2/350 models;
• Load-sensing valve standard on all models.

In 1985 the CF2 was sold side by side in UK with the Bedford Midi - a smaller, badge engineered version of the Isuzu Fargo which was locally built at the newly established IBC Vehicles venture with Isuzu.

By then the CF's replacement was put on hold and then ultimately dropped when Bedford decided that rebadging other GM owned brands was much cheaper. The last CF2's were sold in the UK in 1987 and marked the end of original Bedford designed vehicles.

CF Electric[edit]

One noteworth point was in 1982 with the introduction of the CF Electric, the first mass-produced electric driven fossil fuel derived vehicle. It was built in partnership between Bedford, Lucas, Chloride Group and the UK Government on a 5 year grant scheme. The batteries were housed in a compartment below the floor and the traction came from a motor placed at the rear with a step down reduction gearbox coupled to the CF's standard differential, but turned through 180'. The motor control system was housed under the bonnet and a small diesel heater provided cabin heating. The system also featured regenerative braking, however this could be turned off as it was found that in wet conditions the motor could lock the rear wheels similar to applying the handbrake. Most where sold to government agencies, the Royal Mail and local authorities. However with a price tag much higher than a standard CF, and battery technology at the time not advancing the government scheme wound down in 1987, and the model was withdrawn and spares for it soon dried up.

Commercial[edit]

The Bedford CF van was the second most popular van in the UK, second only to the Ford Transit. Along with the Transit, the CF was usefully wider than competitor vehicles from Austin-Morris, Rootes and Volkswagen.[6] It was also the most common caravanette. CFs were popular with customisers throughout the 1970s and 1980s.

Users[edit]

The Bedford CF was widely used. The British police, in particular, used them for prisoner transport and as riot vans. The British Military also had a fleet of CFs. They were used by builders and builders' merchants, as well as by courier services and the Post Office. They were also a popular caravanette due to their space and reasonable fuel consumption. They were used as ice cream vans in Britain.[2]

Technical specifications[edit]

1969[7]

Model Type Model Designation Engine Wheelbase (inch/metre) GVW (lb.)
18 cwt. 97100 97.5 cu. in. gasoline 106/2.692 4793
18 cwt. 97200 4.108 diesel 106/2.692 4793
22 cwt. 97300 120.5 cu. in. gasoline 106/2.692 5331
22 cwt. 97400 4.108 diesel 106/2.692 5331
25 cwt. 97500 120.5 cu. in. gasoline 126/3.20 6003
25 cwt. 97600 4.154 diesel 126/3.20 6003
35 cwt. 97700 120.5 cu. in. gasoline 126/3.20 7236
35 cwt. 97800 4.154 diesel 126/3.20 7236

4390 lb. GVW available for models 97100, 97200 as Code 533.
Vauxhall OHC 97.5 cu. in. (1598 cc) and 120.5 cu. in. (1975 cc) gasoline engines available as high or low compression.
Perkins 108 cu. in. (1770 cc) and 154 cu. in. (2523 cc) diesel engines.
All models available as van (/70), chassis cab (/60) or chassis cowl (/90).
E.g.: 97170 18 cwt. van; 97760 35 cwt. chassis cab, 97590 25 cwt. chassis cowl.

1972[8]
107.4 cu. in. (1759 cc) and 139 cu. in. (2279 cc) Vauxhall low compression OHC engines introduced from chassis number 2V610007.

1973[9]

18 cwt. models (97100, 97200) replaced by 14/18 cwt. models.
Gasoline engines: only 107.4 cu. in. (1759 cc) and 139 cu. in. (2279 cc) low compression available.
(Unclear when OHC 97.5 cu. in. (1598 cc) and 120.5 cu. in. (1975 cc) gasoline engines discontinued.)

1978 from chassis number HY600001[10]

Model Type Model Designation Engine Wheelbase (mm/inch) GVW (kg/ton) Axle Ratio
18 cwt. 97100 1759 cc (107.5 cu. in.) gasoline 2692/106 2235/2.2 8/37
18 cwt. 97F00 2064 cc (126 cu. in.) diesel 2692/106 2235/2.2 8/37
22 cwt. 97300 2279 cc (139 cu. in.) gasoline 2692/106 2500/2.46 8/37
22 cwt. 97G00 2064 cc (126 cu. in.) diesel 2692/106 2500/2.46 8/37
25 cwt. 97500 2279 cc (139 cu. in.) gasoline 3200/126 2828/2.78 11/49
25 cwt. 97H00 2064 cc (126 cu. in.) diesel 3200/126 2828/2.78 9/47
35 cwt. 97700 2279 cc (139 cu. in.) gasoline 3200/126 3375/3.32 9/47
35 cwt. 97800 2064 cc (126 cu. in.) diesel 3200/126 3375/3.32 9/47

GM diesel engines introduced; Perkins diesel engines discontinued.
97F00 SVOS (Special Version Option Scheme) 8294: 1900 cc diesel engine in place of 2064 cc diesel engine.
Electric van: Designation 97300 Code 123 (unclear when introduced).

1979[11]

Model Type Model Designation Engine Wheelbase (mm/inch) GVW (kg/ton) Axle Ratio
CF220 97100 1759 cc (107.5 cu. in.) gasoline 2692/106 2235/2.2 8/37
CF220 97F00 1998 cc (121.9 cu. in.) diesel 2692/106 2235/2.2 8/37
CF250 97300 2279 cc (139 cu. in.) gasoline 2692/106 2500/2.46 8/37
CF250 97G00 1998 cc (121.9 cu. in.) diesel 2692/106 2500/2.46 8/37
CF280 97500 2279 cc (139 cu. in.) gasoline 3200/126 2828/2.78 11/49
CF280 97H00 1998 cc (121.9 cu. in.) diesel 3200/126 2828/2.78 9/47
CF340 97700 2279 cc (139 cu. in.) gasoline 3200/126 3375/3.32 9/47
CF340 97K00 1998 cc (121.9 cu. in.) diesel 3200/126 3375/3.32 9/47
CF350 97700 2279 cc (139 cu. in.) gasoline 3200/126 3375/3.32 9/47
CF350 97K00 1998 cc (121.9 cu. in.) diesel 3200/126 3375/3.32 9/47

CF350 only available as chassis cab (/60) or chassis cowl (/90)
2064 cc (126 cu. in.) GM diesel engine discontinued.
2260 cc (137.9 cu. in.) GM diesel engine introduced from chassis number LY600101.

1982[12]

Facelift models introduced (preceded by Facelift dash and wiring introduced 1981)

1984[13]

CF2 models introduced.

Model Type Model Designation Engine Wheelbase (mm/inch) GVW (kg/ton) Axle Ratio
CF220 97100 1979 cc (120.8 cu. in.) gasoline 2692/106 2235/2.2 9/37
CF220 97F00 2260 cc (137.9 cu. in.) diesel 2692/106 2235/2.2 9/37
CF250 97300 1979 cc (120.8 cu. in.) gasoline 2692/106 2500/2.46 9/37
CF250 97G00 2260 cc (137.9 cu. in.) diesel 2692/106 2500/2.46 9/37
CF280 97500 1979 cc (120.8 cu. in.) gasoline 3200/126 2828/2.78 11/49
CF280 97H00 2260 cc (137.9 cu. in.) diesel 3200/126 2828/2.78 11/49
CF350 97700 1979 cc (120.8 cu. in.) gasoline 3200/126 3375/3.32 11/49
CF350 97K00 2260 cc (137.9 cu. in.) diesel 3200/126 3375/3.32 9/47

Opel 1979 cc CIH gasoline engine replaced Vauxhall 1759 cc and 2239 cc OHC gasoline engine.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d Bulmer, Charles, ed. (8 November 1969). "New Bedford Motor caravans [planned]". The Motor (3516): 48. 
  2. ^ a b c Haynes Owners workshop manual Bedford CF van
  3. ^ Howard, Geoffrey (3 June 1971). "Taxi!:Autproject 3 [for the design of a Bedford based taxi)". Autocar. 134 3923: 10–12. 
  4. ^ a b Bedford CF2: Specifications and Dimensions. Luton, UK: Bedford Commercial Vehicles. 1984. p. 2. B2147/4/84. Retrieved 2011-05-02. 
  5. ^ Bedford Blitz Kastenwagen (catalogue). Rüsselsheim, Germany: Adam Opel AG. September 1979. p. 12. 90014 (979/30/1). Retrieved 2010-12-23. 
  6. ^ Smith, Maurice (19 November 1977). "Can a van ... serve as a ...second car...?....Sherpa, Hi-Ace, VW you ask?". Autocar. 147 4228: 61–62. "These of course have their merits and their extra economy but they also have one or more shortcomings for our intended use. In particular there is a minimum width and internal capacity for transverse beds plus the main items of equipment we require, and these three vehicles fall short. We require a refrigerator and do not wish to cook or wash [dirty dishes] outside the van." 
  7. ^ Vauxhall Motors TS946 December 1969, TS983/1 February 1970, TS984/1 May 1970.
  8. ^ Vauxhall Motors TS1077 March 1972, PS213 October 1978
  9. ^ Vauxhall Motors TS983/9 March 1973, TS984/7 March 1973
  10. ^ Vauxhall Motors PS639 1978, 1980, 1981, 1986
  11. ^ Vauxhall Motors TS1136/4 February 1979, PS639 1980, 1981, 1986
  12. ^ Vauxhall Motors TS1136/6 August 1982, TS1282/1 September 1983
  13. ^ Bedford Commercial Vehicles TS1234 1984, PS762 1986, 1990, B2148 June 1984

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