Isuzu Fargo

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Isuzu Fargo
Isuzu Fargo Truck 003.JPG
Overview
Manufacturer Isuzu
Production 1980–2001
Assembly Japan
Body and chassis
Body style 2-door cab forward pickup
3-door van
Chronology
Predecessor Bedford CF (Europe and Australia)
Successor Isuzu Como

The Isuzu Fargo is a commercial vehicle manufactured between 1980 and 2001 by Isuzu in Japan. The Fargo spanned two generations, the first of which was sold between 1980 and 1995 as both van and utility body styles, with the second generation, introduced in 1995 confined to a single van body style. This second generation was a badge engineered version of the Nissan Caravan E24, as opposed to an Isuzu design.

Between 1982 and 1990 the first generation Fargo was marketed in Australia by Holden, the Australian subsidiary of General Motors as the Holden Shuttle. In Europe and New Zealand, the first series Isuzu Fargo was sold under the Isuzu WFR name. It was also built in the United Kingdom by Vauxhall Motors and sold as the Bedford Midi, then the Vauxhall Midi. Export versions of the Midi in Europe were badged Bedford Seta, General Motors Midi, GME Midi, and Isuzu Midi.


First generation (1980–1995)[edit]

First generation
Isuzu Fargovan 1991.jpg
Overview
Also called Bedford Midi
Bedford Seta
General Motors Midi
GME Midi
Holden Shuttle
Isuzu Midi
Isuzu WFR
Vauxhall Midi
Production 1980–1995
Assembly Japan
Tunisia: Kairouan(IMM)
United Kingdom (Luton)
Body and chassis
Body style 2-door cab forward pickup
3-door van
Layout Front-engine, rear-wheel drive
Front-engine, four-wheel drive
Powertrain
Transmission 4-speed manual transmission
5-speed manual transmission
3-speed automatic transmission
4-speed automatic transmission
Dimensions
Wheelbase SWB: 2,350 mm (93 in)
LWB: 2,690 mm (106 in)
Length SWB: 4,350 mm (171 in)
LWB: 4,690 mm (185 in)
Width 1,690 mm (67 in)
Height Low roof: 1,950 mm (77 in)
High roof: 2,185 mm (86.0 in)

The first generation Isuzu Fargo was introduced in December 1980 with a 1.6 and 1.8 litre petrol engines, and a 1.8 litre diesel engine. A 2.0 litre diesel was also available, but originally only in the Wagon version. The commercial (van) version gained this option beginning in August 1981. Designed very much in the mould of contemporary Japanese vehicles of the time, it featured an underfloor engine.

Japanese market timeline[edit]

The underpowered 1.8 litre options were dropped in March 1982, both replaced by 2.0 litre engines. In July 1982 the luxury-oriented nine-seater LS Wagon was introduced, featuring a standard sunroof among other features. At the same time, the column shifter was retired and a floor-mounted shifter became standard across the line. In November 1983 diesels became available with part-time four-wheel drive. In January 1984, turbo diesel engines were introduced in the Wagon LF model, followed by the addition of optional four-wheel drive on Wagons in November of that year.[1]

In January 1986 the Fargo received a facelift, with changes to the headlights (now somewhat wider and with a more trapezoidal shape) and the instrument panel.[1] One year later, in January 1987, automatic transmission became available on rear-wheel drive variants. In September 1987 the naturally aspirated diesel Wagons were discontinued, leaving only turbodiesels for these non-commercial versions. In October 1988 a cab-forward pickup (truck) body style was added.

In January 1991 the 2.4 litre 4FG1 diesel engine introduced, replacing the earlier 1.8 and 2.0 litre units. Design changes were also made, to both the interior and exterior. In August 1993 the 2.4 litre 4FG1-T turbodiesel standardised across the range. Three-point rear seatbelts were now fitted to models fitted with rear seats and the air conditioning unit is now chlorofluorocarbon-free (CFC).

Bedford Midi / Vauxhall Midi[edit]

The General Motors-owned Vauxhall Motors offered a version of the Fargo as the "Bedford Midi" between 1985 and 1994. Following the sale of the Bedford Vehicles to AWD, the Bedford Midi was re-badged as the "Vauxhall Midi". Versions sold in continental Europe and Ireland were sold under various names, including "Bedford Seta", "General Motors Midi", "GME Midi", and "Isuzu Midi". Between 1983 and 1988, Industries Mécaniques Maghrébines (IMM) produced the Isuzu Midi at its Kairouan, Tunisia manufacturing facility.

Built in Luton, the Midi brought few changes to the Japanese Fargo and replaced the old Bedford CF van.[2] This was very much a stop-gap design to replace the old CF range, however a true CF replacement never came. The van also signified the end of Bedford and its own designs as it was cheaper for GM to use other companies designs it co-owned. There were talks with Freight Rover during 1985 to produce the Sherpa 300 series van under licence which came to nothing by late 1986. There were also concerns over its crashworthiness in this same issue, following a test on the Japanese built WFR.[3] Engines offered were both petrol (1.8 litre and 2.0 litre) and diesel (2.0, 2.2 or 2.4 turbo). The Midi could be ordered with either an old fashioned column mounted gear change allowing a third central passenger seat in the front, or with a conventional floor shift and was available in short and long wheelbase with a choice of standard or high roof lines. A mini-bus version, named the "Albany", was also produced.

The Midi was also restyled in 1989 and given a new dashboard panel and seating, together with new door trims and front-end fascia. The engine range remained much. While production ceased in 1994, both models were replaced by the Vauxhall Arena, a rebadged Renault Trafic in 1997.

Holden Shuttle[edit]

General Motors' (GM) Australian subsidiary, Holden released the Isuzu Fargo van in February 1982 as the WFR series Holden Shuttle.[4] The original release Shuttle was available in short- and long-wheelbase guises, in combination with either low- or high-roofs; all of which available with or without side cargo windows.[5] Two engines were initially offered: a 1.8 litre 4ZB1 petrol rated at 65 kilowatts (87 hp), and a 2.0 litre 4FC1 diesel outputting 44 kilowatts (59 hp).[6] In 1986, the 1.8 petrol was withdraw and replaced by the 2.0 litre 4ZC1 petrol producing 69 kilowatts (93 hp).[7] All three engines were coupled with a four-speed manual transmission.[8]

The single, cargo-carrying model was accompanied by the limited edition LS—a highly specified nine-seater people-mover variant in October 1982.[9] Only 250 were built for Australian consumption, however, in August 1983, the LT nine-seater people mover was introduced.[10] The lower specification LT was not equipped with the many of the LS Shuttle’s luxury features, including the dual-zone air conditioning.[11] An AM/FM radio with Compact Cassette player and a digital clock were standard on the LT, with single-zone air conditioning available as an option.[12] Both the LS and LT were powered exclusively by the petrol engine.[13]

The Shuttle was subject to several minor facelifts and running changes over its production run. In mid-1983, a centre front seat was added.[14] This consisted of two outer bucket seats and a centre bench seat, giving the impression of a single bench.[15] June 1985 saw the model range restructured, with the five-speed manual transmission from the LS and LT models now standard on the base model.[16] A facelifted model came in June 1986, involving the relocation of badging, re-shaped headlamps, and newly designed steel wheels for the base Shuttle.[17] This refresh coincided with a reduced line-up; Holden deleted the diesel and long-wheelbase options.[18] From December 1987, a four-speed automatic transmission option was made available, and the LT people-mover variant was removed—transforming the Shuttle into a single-model range.[19][20] Holden discontinued the Shuttle in 1990, and opted not to replace it with another vehicle either developed by itself, or sourced from within the GM empire.[21] The Shuttle's immediate predecessor were the Bedford CF-series vans sourced from the United Kingdom. These Bedford vans were not however, distributed under the "Holden" brand.

Second generation (1995–2001)[edit]

Second generation
ISUZU FARGO White Van.jpg
Overview
Manufacturer Isuzu
Also called Nissan Caravan
Production 1995–2001
Assembly Japan
Body and chassis
Body style 3-door van

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b 別冊CG: 自動車アーカイヴ 80年代の日本 [Car Graphic: Car Archives Vol. 11, '80s Japanese Cars] (in Japanese). Tokyo: Nigensha. 2007. p. 246. ISBN 978-4-544-91018-6. 
  2. ^ Wren, Tim (June 1986). "Slow but sure". Truck (London: FF Publishing): 85. 
  3. ^ "The Good Van Guide", Summer 1986, Issue 1, Vol. 2.
  4. ^ Bebbington (1998), p. 175. "The Holden Shuttle van, released in February 1982, was [...] sold in other world markets as the Isuzu Fargo and Isuzu WFR."
  5. ^ Bebbington (1998), p. 175. "Body options were many and varied with a choice of long or short wheelbase and high or low roof versions, all of which available with or without side windows."
  6. ^ Bebbington (1998), p. 175.
    Comp. ratio Output kW Eng. code
    1.8-litre petrol 8.5 65 4ZB1
    2.0-litre petrol 8.3 69 4ZC1
    2.0-litre diesel 21.0 44 4FC1
  7. ^ "Vehicle Comparison: 1985 Holden Shuttle and 1986 Holden Shuttle". The Red Book. Retrieved 2008-09-25. 
  8. ^ Bebbington (1998), p. 176. "Four-speed manual (prior to 1985)".
  9. ^ Bebbington (1998), p. 175. "A nine-seat mini-bus badged LS, was introduced in 1982."
  10. ^ Segal (1983), p. 68. "Called Shuttle LS, this nine-seater was a real luxury-coach [...] built in a limited run of only 250. [...] A little less than 12 months later, the Shuttle has been relaunched once more as a family vehicle. Now called LT".
  11. ^ Modern Motor (1983), p. 9. "The [LT] Shuttle's engine remains the same [as the LS] and external appearance is generally unchanged, but the new model will not have the twin air conditioners and other extras."
  12. ^ Segal (1983), p. 68. "An AM/FM radio-cassette player, digital clock and air conditioning is available."
  13. ^ Bebbington (1998), p. 175. "LT and LS available with petrol engine only".
  14. ^ Bebbington (1998), p. 175. "The Shuttle underwent several minor facelifts throughout its life, the first being in mid-1983 when a centre front seat was added."
  15. ^ Segal (1983), p. 68. "The front row consists of what GMH loosely calls two "buckets" and a middle "bench" seat – they looked and felt like just one bench to me."
  16. ^ Bebbington (1998), p. 175–176. "In 1985, the model range was again reduced and rationalised."; "Five-speed manual, LT and LS and all others 1985 on".
  17. ^ Bebbington (1998), p. 175. "The following years, 1986, saw the relocation of badging and the range further reduced."
  18. ^ Bebbington (1998), p. 175. "No diesel engine option after 1986"; "No LWB option after 1986."
  19. ^ Bebbington (1998), p. 175. "For 1987, an automatic transmission option was made optional and the LT was deleted from the model lineup."
  20. ^ "1987 Holden WFR Shuttle Window (Mar)". The Red Book. Retrieved 2008-09-27. 
  21. ^ Bebbington (1998), p. 175. "The Shuttle range was discontinued in 1990 and was not replaced by any other vehicle."

References[edit]