Bedriaga's rock lizard

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Bedriaga's rock lizard
Tyrrhenische Gebirgseidechse.jpg
Conservation status
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Subphylum: Vertebrata
Class: Reptilia
Order: Squamata
Suborder: Sauria
Family: Lacertidae
Genus: Archaeolacerta
Species: A. bedriagae
Binomial name
Archaeolacerta bedriagae
(Camerano, 1885)
Synonyms
  • Lacerta oxycephala bedriagae Camerano, 1885
  • Lacerta (Archaeolacerta) bedriagae Mertens, 1921
  • Archaeolacerta bedriagae
    Lanza et al., 1984[1]

The Bedriaga's rock lizard, Archaeolacerta bedriagae, is a species of lizard in the Lacertidae family. It is monotypic within the genus Archaeolacerta. It is only found on the islands Corsica (A. b. bedriagae) and Sardinia (A. b. sardus). The name Lacerta bedriagae is also used.

Etymology[edit]

Both the common name and the specific name, bedriagae, are in honor of Russian-born herpetologist Jacques von Bedriaga.[2]

Habitat[edit]

Its natural habitats are temperate forests, temperate shrubland, Mediterranean-type shrubby vegetation, rivers, rocky areas, pastureland, and rural gardens.

Conservation status[edit]

It is threatened by habitat loss.

Description[edit]

Adults outside the mating season are brownish-grey with a dark, fine-lined net pattern on their backs. The female is browner than the male, and the male in mating season acquires a blue belly, blue loins and blue dots on the flank. The netlike pattern seems to turn into a pattern of white dots. Juveniles are discernible by their bright azure blue tails. The adult males can grow to a total length (including tail) of up to 30 cm (12 in). However most specimen do not get longer than 25 cm (9.8 in) in total length.

Ecology[edit]

Bedriaga's rock lizards climb vertical rocks, cliffs, walls and ruins. The species is found in mountainous regions, mostly between 600 and 1,000 m (2,000 and 3,300 ft) above sea level, but it is also found along the coast, sunbathing near small streams. When frightened, the lizards sometimes try to escape in the water; they are good swimmer. Their diets consist of insects and other small invertebrates. Peculiar to this lizard, it jumps off the ground often to catch flying insects. Most other Lacertidae cannot make high jumps to catch their prey.

This rare species is protected by CITES.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ The Reptile Database. www.reptile-database.org.
  2. ^ Beolens B, Watkins M, Grayson M. 2011. The Eponym Dictionary of Reptiles. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press. xiii + 296 pp. ISBN 978-1-4214-0135-5. (Archaeolacerta bedriagae, p. 21).

Further reading[edit]

  • Arnold EN, Burton JA. 1978. A Field Guide to the Reptiles and Amphibians of Britain and Europe. London: Collins. 272 pp. + Plates 1-40.
    ISBN 0-00-219318-3. (Lacerta bedriagae, p. 152 + Map 78).
  • Camerano L. 1885. "Monografia dei Sauri italiani ". Zoologische Anzeiger 8: 417-419. (Lacerta oxycephala bedriagae, new subspecies, p. 418).
  • Lanza B, Cessaraccio G, Malenotti P. 1984. "Note su Archaeolacerta bedriagae (Camerano) (Reptilia: Lacertidae)". Boll. Soc. Sarda Sci. Nat. 23: 145-153.
  • Mertens R. 1921. "Zur Kenntnis der Reptilienfaunen von Malta". Zool. Anz. 53: 236-240.

External links[edit]