Beebe Windmill

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Beebe Windmill
BeebeWindmill.jpg
Beebe windmill
Origin
Mill name Beebe mill
Mill location Bridgehampton, New York
Coordinates 40°56′03″N 72°18′02″W / 40.9343°N 72.3006°W / 40.9343; -72.3006Coordinates: 40°56′03″N 72°18′02″W / 40.9343°N 72.3006°W / 40.9343; -72.3006
Year built 1820
Information
Purpose Corn mill
Type Smock mill
Storeys Four-story smock
Base storeys A few courses of brick
Smock sides Eight-sided smock
Number of sails Four sails
Type of sails Common sails
Windshaft Wood
Winding Fantail
Fantail blades Eight blades
Auxiliary power Steam engine
Number of pairs of millstones Two pairs
Other information Named after Lester Beebe, for whom it was built.
Beebe Windmill
Architect Tabor,Pardon T.
Governing body Local
MPS Long Island Wind and Tide Mills TR
NRHP Reference # 78001918[1]
Added to NRHP December 27, 1978

Beebe Windmill is a smock mill which is located at the southeast corner of Ocean Road and Hildreth Avenue in Bridgehampton, New York.[2]

History[edit]

Beebe windmill was built in 1820 at Sag Harbor for Lester Beebe. After his death, it was bought by Rose Gelston who had it moved to Bridgehampton where it worked for more than 50 years. In 1882, it was bought by James Sanford and moved to a site south of the railroad. Later, a steam engine was installed to provide power when the wind was not blowing. In 1888, the mill was repaired by millwright Nathaniel Dominy of Long Island. It was moved to a site north of the railroad in 1889. It was operated here until 1915 by the Bridgehampton Milling Company. In that year, it was bought by John E. Berwind and moved to his summer estate, Minden.[3][4]

The machinery of Beebe windmill, in HAER drawing

It is described in a 1977 Historic American Engineering Record (HAER) description as "one of the first Long Island windmills to have a fly, regulators, and cast iron gears" and is the only one with its original versions of those. It is also the only Long Island windmill to have a "decorative" design. With these features it is "the only surviving Long Island windmill which compares to English windmills of the same period."[5] The windmill was added to the National Register of Historic Places in 1978.[1]

Description[edit]

For an explanation of the various items of machinery, see Mill machinery.

Beebe windmill is a four-story smock mill with an ogee cap winded by a fantail. Four Common sails are carried on a wooden windshaft, as is the wooden clasp arm brake wheel. This drives a cast iron wallower carried at the top of the upright shaft. At its lower end the cast iron great spur wheel drives two pairs of overdrift millstones.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 2008-04-15. 
  2. ^ "Division for Historic Preservation, New York State Department of Parks and Recreation, Building/Structure Inventory: Beebe Windmill". September 1978. Retrieved 2009-06-06.  and Accompanying one photo from 1977
  3. ^ Pulling, Anne Frances, and Leeds, Gerald A (1999). Windmills and Water Mills of Long Island. Charleston, SC: Arcadia. pp. p54–56. ISBN 0-7385-0288-X. 
  4. ^ Raymond W. Smith (September 1978). "National Register of Historic Places Registration: Beebe Windmill". New York State Office of Parks, Recreation and Historic Preservation. Retrieved 2010-02-20.  See also: "Accompanying photo". 
  5. ^ Hefner, Robert J.; Paxton, Gregory B. (August 1977). "Beebe Windmill". Historic American Engineering Record. Washington, D.C.: Library of Congress. p. 1. Retrieved March 8, 2014. 

External links[edit]