|Beechcraft Model 77 Skipper|
|Role||Light utility aircraft|
|Manufacturer||Beech Aircraft Corporation|
|First flight||September 12, 1978|
Design and development
Design work on the Skipper began in 1974 as the PD 285, which made its maiden flight on February 6, 1975. The Skipper was Beechcraft's attempt to enter the two-place trainer market with an aircraft capable of competing with the popular Cessna 150/152 line of trainer aircraft. First flight of its prototype was in 1975. Though the aircraft first flew with a standard tail configuration, by the time it entered production, a T-tail configuration had been adopted, giving it an appearance very similar to its close competitor, the Piper PA-38 Tomahawk of 1978 to 1982.
The Skipper wing utilizes a GA(W)-1 airfoil, specifically developed for low-speed aviation applications, based on 1970s NASA research. The aircraft was certified for intentional spins. While it is an all-metal design, the Skipper incorporates a number of innovative construction techniques, including honeycomb bonding, tubular spars, and a hot-bonded wing structure. The flaps and ailerons are actuated by torque tubes, rather than cables. The landing gear is mounted to the fuselage/wing junction, but has a 5.17 ft (2 m) wide wheelbase, giving it a "spraddle-legged" appearance on the ground.
The Skipper had the misfortune of being introduced at the beginning of a severe downturn in general aviation aircraft production in the United States. During its first year 1979, 47 were built, 140 in 1980, and 125 in 1981. A total of 312 aircraft were built.
Most of the production run was initially delivered to Beechcraft's flight school network, the Beech Aero Centers, where they were used as primary trainers. A handful of Skippers are still in use as trainers. Many others are in the hands of private owners who use them as touring aircraft.
- Crew: 2
- Length: 24 ft 0 in (7.32 m)
- Wingspan: 30 ft 0 in (9.14 m)
- Height: 7 ft 11 in (2.41 m)
- Wing area: 129.8 ft² (12.1 m²)
- Airfoil: GA(W)-1
- Empty weight: 1,100 lb (499 kg)
- Max. takeoff weight: 1,675 lb (760 kg)
- Powerplant: 1 × Lycoming O-235-L2C flat-4 engine, 115 hp (86 kW)
- Cruise speed: 105 knots (121 mph, 195 km/h)
- Stall speed: 47 knots (54 mph, 87 km/h) (flaps down)
- Range: 412 nmi (475 mi, 764 km)at 8,500 ft (2,600 m) (econ cruise)
- Service ceiling: 12,900 ft (3,930 m)
- Rate of climb: 720 ft/min (3.65 m/s)
- Aircraft of comparable role, configuration and era
- Cessna 150
- Cessna 152
- Grumman American AA-1
- Liberty XL2
- Piper Tomahawk
- Symphony SA-160
- Whitney Boomerang
- Montgomery, M.R. and Gerald Foster: A Field Guide to Airplanes, Second Edition, page 26. Houghton Mifflin Company, 1992. ISBN 0-395-62888-1
- Green, William: Observers Aircraft, pages 40-41. Frederick Warne Publishing, 1981. ISBN 0-7232-1618-5
- Phillips, Edward H. Beechcraft - Staggerwing to Starship. Flying Books, 1987. ISBN 0-911139-06-0.
- Air Enthusiast December 1975, p. 312.
- Taylor 1980, p. 265.
- "Airdata File: Beechcraft PD 285". Air Enthusiast, December 1975, Vol 9 No 6. p. 312.
- Taylor, John W. R. Jane's All The World's Aircraft 1980–81. London: Jane's Publishing Company, 1980. ISBN 0-7106-0705-9.
- Type certificate data sheet no. A30CE. Revision 5. (Mar 26, 2007) Department of Transportation. Federal Aviation Administration
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