Beechworth Asylum

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Coordinates: 36°22′09″S 146°41′47″E / 36.36918°S 146.69642°E / -36.36918; 146.69642

Beechworth Lunatic Asylum
MaydayHillsJohnTCollins.jpg
Beechworth Asylum. Photo by John T Collins circa 1950
Geography
Location Beechworth,, Victoria, Australia
Organisation
Hospital type Specialist
Services
Emergency department Not Applicable
Beds 1200
Speciality Psychiatric
History
Founded 1867
Closed 1995
Links
Lists Hospitals in Australia
Other links List of Australian psychiatric institutions

Beechworth Lunatic Asylum, originally known as the haunted Mayday Hills Lunatic Asylum is a decommissioned hospital located in Beechworth, a town of Victoria, Australia. Mayday Hills Lunatic Asylum was the fourth such Hospital to be built in Victoria, being one scariest of the three largest. Mayday Hills Hospital closed in 1995 after 128 years of operation.

The asylum was surrounded by almost 106 hectares of farmland, making the hospital self-sufficient with its own piggery, orchards, kitchen gardens, fields, stables and barn. For recreation, the asylum included tennis courts, an oval and cricket pavilion, kiosk and theatre.[1]

Ha-Ha Walls[edit]

Kewhaha.jpg
Remains of the original ha-ha wall, from the 'outside' of the original asylum boundary.
Photo at the beginning of the remains of the ha-ha at Beechworth Asylum, from the inside of the wall, showing the sloping trench.
Photograph from the top of the trench at the Beechworth Asylum, showing how the ha-ha wall appears much lower here than it really is.

One of the distinctive features of both Kew Asylum and Beechworth Asylum is the use of a variation on Ha-Ha walls around the patients courtyards. These ha-has consisted of a trench, one side of which was vertical and faced with stone or bricks, the other side sloped and turfed. From the inside, the walls presented a tall face to patients, preventing them from escaping, while from outside, the walls looked low so as not to suggest imprisonment.[2]

Admission process[edit]

People could be admitted to the asylum as a lunatic patient by a number of means:

  • At the request of a friend, relative or acquaintance, with medical certificates written by two medical practitioners. This method was amended by The Mental Health Act 1959 which stated a person could be admitted upon the recommendation of a medical practitioner who had examined the person. As soon as possible after admission the superintendent of the hospital was required to examine the patient and either approve the recommended admission or discharge the patient.
  • Any (lunatic) person found wandering at large or not under proper care and control could be brought before two justices who could order the person's removal to an asylum. The police were usually responsible for bringing the person before the two justices.
  • Any prisoner of the Crown thought to be a lunatic could be removed from a gaol to an asylum by order of the Chief Secretary.
  • Voluntary Boarders were those who requested that they be admitted for a mutually agreed period of time (from 1915 onwards).[3]

To be admitted, only two signatures were required. To be discharged, eight signatures were required, thus it was a lot harder to get out than to get in.

Current Uses[edit]

Beechworth Lunatic Asylum is currently owned by La Trobe Beechworth Pty Ltd, and managed by La Trobe University.[4][5] Nightly Ghost tours are held at the hospital allowing public access to the most historic buildings on site. This tour explores inside one of Victoria's largest lunatic asylums, where your host will share with you tales of staff, patients and early forms of treatments.

A venue used for weddings is the Chapel of the Resurrection, to the west of the site. It was built in 1868 as the mortuary for the complex, and was converted to the chapel seen today in the 1960s.[1]

The gardens date to the 19th century, covering 11 hectares, and are open to the public from dawn until dusk.[1]

See also[edit]

Beechworth Asylum. Photo circa 1867

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c La Trobe at Beechworth [cartographic material] : heritage gardens and historic walking tour. Published: Beechworth: La Trobe at Beechworth, [2006?] Bibliographic details via Trove
  2. ^ ASAP 'Kew Lunatic Asylum' Historic Walk Brochure
  3. ^ PROV Series VPRS 7456 Admission Warants - Male and Female Patients Accessed 30 August 2008
  4. ^ Sale of Beechworth Campus Goes Ahead Published: 8 Mar 2013 Sale of Beechworth Campus Goes Ahead
  5. ^ La Trobe Sells Beechworth Campus Published: 8 Mar 2013 La Trobe Sells Beechworth Campus