Beekeeping in New Zealand
New Zealand had 2,944 registered beekeepers in September 2010, who owned more than 377,000 hives in over 22,000 apiaries. In 2007 total honey production was 9.7 thousand tonnes. The production of manuka honey, valued for its antibacterial properties, is increasingly important. Pollen, beeswax, and propolis are also produced. Beekeepers provide pollination services to horticulturists, which generates more income than the products of bee culture. Approximately 20–25 thousand queen bees, and 20 tonnes of packaged bees (which include worker bees and a queen) are exported live each year.
The National Beekeepers' Association of New Zealand established "National Bee Week".
Honey containing the poisonous tutin can be produced by bees feeding on honeydew produced by sap-sucking vine hopper insects (Scolypopa genus) feeding on tutu, a plant native to New Zealand. The last recorded deaths from eating honey containing tutin were in the 1890s.
Pest and diseases
European foulbrood is not present in New Zealand. In the 1990s suspected cases of European foulbrood were found and a wider survey of hives was carried out but the samples proved to be negative.
The Varroa destructor mite, a parasite that attacks honey bees, was discovered in the North Island of New Zealand in 2000 and the South Island in 2008. The Varroa mite is classed as a "Notifiable Organism" under the Biosecurity Act.
Former or current legislation relevant to beekeeping in New Zealand include:
- Apiaries Act 1908
- Apiaries Act 1969 (repealed)
- Resource Management Act 1991
- Biosecurity Act 1993
- Local Government Act 2002
There is also legislation relating to the bee products themselves.
- Agriculture in New Zealand
- Biosecurity in New Zealand
- Manuka honey, a honey often marketed for its health benefits
- "Interesting facts". National Beekeepers Association of NZ. Retrieved 18 April 2011.
- New Zealand Official Yearbook, 2008, p 370
- National Bee Week – National Beekeepers' Association of New Zealand
- Stop poisoning Bees
- Background on toxic honey, New Zealand Food Safety Authority
- Johnston, Martin. Specialists expected tutin honey outbreak, New Zealand Herald. 26 March 2008.
- Chug, Kuran (7 May 2011). "Fears bee colony collapse has arrived". Dominion Post. Retrieved 7 May 2011.
- Palmer-Jones, T (1964). "Diseases of honey bees in New Zealand". The New Zealand Entomologist (New Zealand Entomological Society, Inc) 3 (3): 41–44.
- "History". American foulbrood Pest Management Strategy. Retrieved 5 February 2011.
- "European foulbrood disease". MAF Biosecurity New Zealand. 22 October 2008. Archived from the original on 29 December 2010. Retrieved 4 February 2011.
- "European foulbrood disease: Status of New Zealand’s honey bees". MAF Biosecurity New Zealand. 7 August 2008. Archived from the original on 30 December 2010. Retrieved 4 February 2011.
- Varroa Mite | MAF Biosecurity New Zealand
- Biosecurity New Zealand – Unwanted Organisms Register
- Matheson, Andrew; Murray Reid (2011-08-05). Practical Beekeeping in New Zealand. Exisle Publishing. ISBN 978-1-877568-52-7.
- "Apiaries". New Zealand government. 1908. Retrieved 26 January 2012.
- Walsh, R. S. (February 1978). Nectar and Pollen Sources of New Zealand. National Beekeepers Association of New Zealand (Inc).
- Goodwin, Mark; Van Eaton, Cliff (2001). Control of Varroa: A Guide for New Zealand Beekeepers. New Zealand Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry. ISBN 0-478-07958-3.
- Goodwin, Mark. Elimination of American foulbrood without the use of drugs: A Practical Manual for Beekeepers. National Beekeepers Association of New Zealand Inc.
- Biosecurity New Zealand – Varroa mite page
- American Foulbrood Pest Management Strategy
- Apiaries Act 1969 (repealed)