Beemer, Nebraska

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Beemer, Nebraska
Village
Downtown Beemer: West side of Main Street, looking north from U.S. Highway 275
Downtown Beemer: West side of Main Street, looking north from U.S. Highway 275
Motto: No better a place to be.
Location of Beemer, Nebraska
Location of Beemer, Nebraska
Coordinates: 41°55′50″N 96°48′36″W / 41.93056°N 96.81000°W / 41.93056; -96.81000Coordinates: 41°55′50″N 96°48′36″W / 41.93056°N 96.81000°W / 41.93056; -96.81000
Country United States
State Nebraska
County Cuming
Area[1]
 • Total 0.40 sq mi (1.04 km2)
 • Land 0.40 sq mi (1.04 km2)
 • Water 0 sq mi (0 km2)
Elevation 1,352 ft (412 m)
Population (2010)[2]
 • Total 678
 • Estimate (2012[3]) 668
 • Density 1,695.0/sq mi (654.4/km2)
Time zone Central (CST) (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
ZIP code 68716
Area code(s) 402
FIPS code 31-03635[4]
GNIS feature ID 0827286[5]
Website ci.beemer.ne.us

Beemer is a village in Cuming County, Nebraska, United States. The population was 678 at the 2010 census.

Geography[edit]

Beemer is located at 41°55′50″N 96°48′36″W / 41.93056°N 96.81000°W / 41.93056; -96.81000 (41.930439, -96.809862)[6] on the table lands adjoining the Elkhorn River bottoms, 84 miles from Omaha and nine miles northwest of West Point, near the geographic center of Cuming County where Nebraska Link 20A meets U.S. Route 275.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the village has a total area of 0.40 square miles (1.04 km2), all of it land.[1]

Beemer
Beemer View

History[edit]

Early settlement[edit]

The first settlers of European descent arrived in the Beemer area by prairie schooner in 1864, seeking land under the Homestead Act. The new inhabitants built dugouts, sod houses, and, eventually, log cabins. The earliest settlers in Beemer Township included M. Brayrerton, George Graham, Joseph S. Emley, Robert Fehlmann, Dr. H.H. Howe, Howard Howe, James and Michael McNamara, Judge Newburn, the Rabe family, W.S. Schneald, William Sharp and two sons Martin and Silas, Casper Schifferns, David Simons, Wm. A. Smith, J.E. Spencer, Benjamin Ewing, John Wagaoner, Henry White, James Wilson, and William Witte.[7]

The first school in Beemer Township was taught by Mrs. William Sharp in 1867 in her log cabin, a short distance to the northwest of where Beemer is now located.[7]

West of Beemer, a small stream called Rock Creek flows into the south side of the Elkhorn River. In 1865, August Lambrecht built a water-driven grain and flour mill on the creek about 1,000 feet (300 m) from the river. Lambrecht's mill, combined with the creek and with favorable agricultural conditions, attracted a small concentration of settlers; the area was known as "Rock Creek", after the stream.[citation needed]

In 1871, the tracks of the Fremont, Elkhorn and Missouri Valley Railroad, which followed the Elkhorn upstream from Fremont, reached Wisner; the line reached Norfolk in 1879.[8] As the railway was extended, water stops were needed at 7-to-10-mile (11 to 16 km) intervals to support the steam locomotives.[9][10] The railroad stops were also served by telegraphs for the purpose of administering and controlling the railroad as well as business development of the telegraphs.[11] The telegraph station at the water stop located at the site of present-day Beemer was named after the nearest significant settlement, Rock Creek, and used the call letters "R C".[7] So, for the next fifteen years, two locations, several miles apart and on opposite sides of the Elkhorn, were referred to as 'Rock Creek': one was the area around the Rock Creek stream near Lambrecht's mill and the other the area around the railway water stop and telegraph station.

Forming a village[edit]

In 1885, Allen D. Beemer, George Canfield, and K.C. Morehouse laid out lots to the north of the Rock Creek water stop and platted a village to be known as Rock Creek, as filed in the county seat of West Point on May 26, 1885. Mr. Beemer built the first rail depot building, and led the drive to build a wooden bridge across the Elkhorn. His efforts on behalf of the area were rewarded in 1886, when Congressman Edward K. Valentine secured a post office for the settlement, naming it the Beemer Post Office. On July 15, 1886, in response to a petition of 54 residents, a village named Beemer was incorporated with Harry Delmont, W.D. Gibbon, John M. Barber, F.J. Fitzgerald, and Niels Hansen the village trustees. In that year Mr. Beemer founded a newspaper, the Beemer Times; and the rail company changed the name of the station from Rock Creek to Beemer, although its telegraph call signs remained "R C" (for "Rock Creek") until the depot closed in 1963.[7]

Beemer's first century, 1886 - 1986[edit]

The first century was marked by spurious growth and numerous initiatives to develop Beemer. The Beemer Times, founded by A.D. Beemer around 1 March 1886, chronicled the times, the progress, the achievements, the disasters, and the dilemmas that faced early Beemer. The paper assailed ills like the muddy streets, the lack of sidewalks, and the excessive number of taverns; and it reported on more favorable developments like improvements to the schooling, new commercial enterprises, and major modernizations such as waterworks, electrification, road improvements, and telephone systems. The following paragraphs under this heading are derived from the Beemer Times, unless otherwise noted:

Industry[edit]

In 1886, taking advantage of the region's agricultural success and the proximity of the railway, Gardanier and Ayres built the first grain elevator in Beemer, located about 600 feet east of Main Street between Front Street and the railroad tracks.

Also in 1886, John Barber built a brick manufacturing plant on the west side of Sixth and Beemer Streets and finished burning his first run of 100,000 bricks. The brickyard would operate until it gave way to regional competition in 1913.

In 1898, the Beemer Canning and Manufacturing Company's canning factory opened in Beemer with 125 employees. It was expected to can 13,000 cans, chiefly of corn and tomatoes, per day, turning out 1 million cans per season. However, the cannery ceased after a single season due to financial and business difficulties.

The settlement around the grain and flour mill originally built by August Lambrecht in 1865 on Rock Creek had failed to thrive after the arrival of the railroad, since it was across the Elkhorn River from the tracks and several miles from the Beemer station. In 1891, the citizens of Beemer paid Henry Lambrecht $1200 to move the mill to their town. The mill, which was water-driven along Rock Creek, was converted to steam upon moving. The steam power plant would position Lambrecht to win the business of pumping water for the future waterworks of Beemer.

Mr Alois Picha operated a soap factory at the southeast corner of Second and Harrison Streets between 1899 and 1906. He sold the no-brand soap directly to users.

In 1900, Mr. M.C. Mead established a carpet factory in the small house on the northwest corner of Fifth and Fraisier Streets (a home later owned by Mr. Herman Conrad) that would stay in business until 1910.

Beemer Bridge
Beemer bridge across Elkhorn River; built 1960s

Modernization[edit]

Beemer was to be transformed from a mere stop along the tracks to an active village that constantly worked to keep up with the times and care for its citizens. A.D. Beemer is known to have kick started a few important infrastructure improvements such as the railroad depot building and the first wooden bridge across the Elkhorn River. That bridge's life was short lived and by the summer of 1886 the Beemer Times reported the building of an iron bridge, a Pratt truss with a span of 150 feet. In spite of all the activity, by 1890, the Village of Beemer, with a population of 350, remained an enclave of homes and buildings that were connected by dirt roads without public water works or electricity. A trip to West Point was not routine as the path was frequently impassable. Still, the local papers published numerous reports of citizens from Wisner and Beemer traveling to West Point via bicycle to attend ball games.

Water works[edit]

In 1897, funds were raised to build water works for Beemer, with Lambrecht and Doescher agreeing to pump water using the coal-fired, steam power plant in the flour mill.[12][13] A 16 x 20 feet tank would be placed on the upper Main Street (just north of Forth Street) on top of a tower 28 feet in height with water pumped from three wells near the flour mills.[14] The Beemer Times declared the waters works complete in March 1898 but, the effort was dealt a set bank in July on that year when the tank swelled, rivets popped, and the tank tumbling to the ground could be heard throughout Beemer. Not to be deterred, the village had the tank rebuilt and back in service by August. The arrangement with the mill continued until 1902 when the village purchased a 12-horse power gasoline engine and established a new well at the new fire engine house a short distance north of Third and Main Streets.[15] In 1904, Beemer carried out further modernization of the village water works by installing new, larger underground pipes in many parts of town, additional fire hydrants, and building a large water standpipe 10 feet in diameter and 85 feet in height that would become an icon of Beemer's main street for decades to come.

Telephones[edit]

In October 1901, A.D. Lane, special agent of the Nebraska Telephone Company visited Beemer to ascertain the interest of local businessmen to install lines in the places of business. The first lines were install in December with Beemer's own telephone exchange entering operation in 1902 serving private citizens and the adjoining rural areas. The Cuming County Independent Telephone Company commenced in 1902 and operated telephones in the Wisner and Beemer area for many years to come.

Congregational Church
Original site of the Congregational Church
Holy Cross Catholic Church
Holy Cross Catholic Church

Churches[edit]

Five churches were established in Beemer during this era. The Methodist Episcopal Church was built at the northeast corner of Fifth and Beemer Streets and dedicated September 5, 1886. In 1904, it moved to a new building on the northwest corner of Third and Fraisier Streets. The first St. John's Lutheran Church building, with a 44-foot (13 m) steeple, was built on the southeast corner of Third and Lambrecht Streets and dedicated July 2, 1893. The Congregational Church at the northeast corner of Third and Canfield Streets was dedicated January 14, 1900. The Holy Cross Roman Catholic Church, at the southwest corner of Sixth and Frasier Streets, was dedicated on Sunday, September 20, 1914. The Mennonite Church at the southwest corner of Sherman and Fourth Streets was dedicated on March 15, 1959.

Schools[edit]

The first Beemer Public School was held in a small frame building located on the northest corner of Third and Beemer Streets. By 1886, in order to support its 32 enrolled pupils, a two-room, frame building was built on the southwest corner of Fifth and Beemer Streets. The names of absent or tardy students were duly reported in the Beemer Times. In 1892, voters approved $10,000 in bonds for a modern two-story brick school. The school officers, F.J. Fitzgerald, A.D. Beemer, and Charles Decker reported an enrollment of 210 pupils. The building was erected on the north side of Third Street between Blaine and Harrison Streets (approximately where a 1964 addition to the school was eventually built). In 1917, the village passed another bond issue for a new school building on the northeast corner of Third and Blaine Streets. The new building was used for the graduation ceremonies in May 1918; the older, adjacent building was torn down that summer. The 1918 building would continue to be used until 2008.

Demographics[edit]

2010 census[edit]

As of the census[2] of 2010, there were 678 people, 291 households, and 172 families residing in the village. The population density was 1,695.0 inhabitants per square mile (654.4/km2). There were 321 housing units at an average density of 802.5 per square mile (309.8/km2). The racial makeup of the village was 92.0% White, 0.4% Native American, 0.1% Asian, 5.6% from other races, and 1.8% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 7.7% of the population.

There were 291 households of which 23.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 50.5% were married couples living together, 7.6% had a female householder with no husband present, 1.0% had a male householder with no wife present, and 40.9% were non-families. 35.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 21.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.18 and the average family size was 2.85.

The median age in Beemer was 52 years. 21.1% of residents were under the age of 18; 4.5% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 18.3% were from 25 to 44; 21.5% were from 45 to 64; and 34.7% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the village was 47.2% male and 52.8% female.

2000 census[edit]

As of the census[4] of 2000, there were 773 people, 298 households, and 196 families residing in the village. The population density was 1,921.1 people per square mile (746.1/km²). There were 315 housing units at an average density of 782.9 per square mile (304.1/km²). The racial makeup of the village was 95.47% White, 0.39% Native American, 0.39% Asian, 2.98% from other races, and 0.78% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 3.62% of the population.

There were 298 households out of which 29.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 59.4% were married couples living together, 5.4% had a female householder with no husband present, and 34.2% were non-families. 31.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 18.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.42 and the average family size was 3.08.

The median agein Beemer was 43 years. 24.7% of the population was under the age of 18, 6.6% were aged 18 to 24, 22.6% were from 25 to 44, 19.5% were from 45 to 64, and 26.5% were 65 years of age or older. For every 100 females there were 87.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 81.3 males.

As of 2000, the median income for a household in the village was $30,938, and the median income for a family was $36,429. Males had a median income of $26,842 versus $16,806 for females. The per capita income for the village was $14,653. About 4.5% of families and 7.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 7.2% of those under age 18 and 8.8% of those age 65 or over.

One-story brick building with garage-type doors; siren on tower behind it
Fire station

Infrastructure[edit]

Facilities[edit]

Nearly 100 percent of Beemer’s neighborhood streets are paved and complete with storm sewage systems. The village property includes a village office building, a fire station, the town park, a dance hall, and a library. The village operates its own works system in the eastern outskirts of town and a sewage treatment plant located close to the nearby Elkhorn River. Power and telecommunications services are provided by regional companies.

Golf course with fairway running through trees
Indian Trails Golf Course

Recreational facilities include the school gymnasium, the Beemer park which is complete with tennis courts and picnic areas, and the nearby Indian Trails Country Club, an 18-hole course on the bluffs of the Elkhorn River colloquially known as the ‘Beemer Golf Course’. Senior citizens are entertained at the Senior Citizen Center collocated with Post 159 of the American Legion.

Schools[edit]

The Beemer elementary school, located in Beemer, is part of the West Point-Beemer Public School system. The district's high school is located about 10 miles from Beemer.

Notable people[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-06-24. 
  2. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-06-24. 
  3. ^ "Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-05-29. 
  4. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  5. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  6. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  7. ^ a b c d Some Early History of Beemer, Nebraska, Nebraska State Historical Society.
  8. ^ Pangle, Mary Ellen. A History of Norfolk. Published serially in Norfolk Daily News. 1929
  9. ^ "History of Allen", a brochure about Allen, Texas
  10. ^ For example, a section of the Atlantic and Pacific Railroad running in the Mojave Desert between Ludlow and Amboy had water stops spaced by 5-10 miles: Lavic, Ragtown, Ash Hill, Klondike, Siberia, Bagdad, see Google Maps, all eight of them being ghost towns now.
  11. ^ Thompson, Jim. The Railroad Telegrapher, Vol. VII, No. 2, Fall 1993 / Winter 1994. Retrieved from http://thelibrary.springfield.missouri.org/lochist/periodicals/ozarkswatch/ow702h.htm in 31 July 2010
  12. ^ West Point Republican, October 15, 1897.
  13. ^ West Point Republican, November 12, 1897.
  14. ^ West Point Republican, October 22, 1897.
  15. ^ West Point Republican, March 28, 1902

External links[edit]