Brewing in Alabama

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
  (Redirected from Beer in Alabama)
Jump to: navigation, search

Breweries in Alabama produce a wide range of beers in different styles that are marketed locally and regionally. In 2012 Alabama's 17 breweries, importers, brewpubs, and company-owned packagers and wholesalers employed 60 people directly, and another 12,300 in related jobs such as wholesaling and retailing.[1] Including people directly employed in brewing, as well as those who supply Alabama's breweries with everything from ingredients to machinery, the total business and personal tax revenue generated by Alabama's breweries and related industries was more than $259 million.[2] Consumer purchases of Alabama's brewery products generated another $205 million in tax revenue.[3] In 2012, according to the Brewers Association, Alabama ranked 49th in per capita craft breweries with 10.[4]

For context, at the end of 2013 there were 2,822 breweries in the United States, including 2,768 craft breweries.[5] In that same year, according to the Beer Institute, the brewing industry employed around 43,000 Americans in brewing and distribution and had a combined economic impact of more than $246 billion.[6]

For much of the 20th century, and until the law was changed in 2009, beer with an alcohol content greater than 6% (alcohol by volume) was unlawful in the state, primarily due to Prohibition-era laws remaining unrepealed. The Brewery Modernization Act was signed into law in 2011, reforming many former restrictions on breweries' ability to provide a tap room and restrictive regulations regarding brewpubs. The Legal ABV limit of beer in Alabama is currently 13.9%. According to The New Yorker when discussing beer production, "from 2011 to 2012, annual production grew faster in the South than just about anywhere else, with the fastest-growing producers including Alabama (first out of all fifty states)..."[7]

Breweries[edit]

Former breweries[edit]

  • Alabama Brewing Company[40][41] – operated by Isadore Newman, Arthur Isnard and A. Cammack from 1897 to 1908 (and manufacturing ice until 1917)
  • Barrett's Brewpub[42] – 1990's
  • Birmingham Brewery / Philipp Schillinger Brewing Company[40][41] – operated in Birmingham by Philipp Schillinger and his sons from 1884 to 1908
  • Birmingham Brewing Company (1889–1893)[41] – operated by W. I. Rushton from 1889 to 1893
  • Birmingham Brewing Company (1992–1998)[43][44] – operating from 1992 to 1998; its brands, Vulcan and Red Mountain, continued to be contract-brewed until 2001
  • Blue Moose Cafe & Brewpub[45]Cullman, AL
  • Breckenridge Brewery[46] – 1990s
  • Dothan Brewing Company[47] – operating in 2006 in Dothan
  • Hurricane Brewing Company[48][49] – operating 2006-2009 in Mobile
  • Little Star Brewing Corp. / Mad Monk Beer Company[50] – founded 1995 in Birmingham
  • Magic City Brewery[51] – brew pub operating from 1995 to 2000 in Birmingham
  • Mr. Jim's Cannon Brewpub[49][52] – operating from 2004-2006 in Mobile
  • Montgomery Brewing Company[53][54] – operated from 1995-2010 in Montgomery
  • Olde Auburn Ale House[55][56] – was in operation from February 2000 until 2009 in Auburn, when its brewery was contracted out to a company in Atlanta. From that point, the microbrews sold at the Ale House were produced in Atlanta.
  • Olde Towne Brewing Company[57] – operating from 2004-2011 in Huntsville
  • Poplar Head Mule Company[58] – operating from 1995-2002 in Dothan
  • Port City Brewery[49] – first brewpub in Alabama, 1990s
  • Southside Cellar Brewing Company[59] – operating in the mid-late 1990s
  • Vulcan Breweries Company[60][61] – operating in the late 1990s in Birmingham

Beer regulation[edit]

The Code of Alabama defines beer as being fermented malt liquor containing between 0.5% Alcohol By Volume (ABV) and 13.9% ABV.[62] Before 2009, beer in Alabama was limited to 6% ABV or less.[63] The only other states with similarly low limits were Mississippi, and West Virginia.

Beer, except draft or keg beer, sold by retailers must be sold or dispensed in bottles, cans or other containers not to exceed 25.4 ounces (750 ml). Prior to the passage of legislation in 2012, container size was limited to 16 ounces.[64]

Brewpubs[edit]

Brewpubs in Alabama must be located in an historic building or site, in a wet county or wet municipality, in which county beer was brewed for public consumption prior to the ratification of the Eighteenth Amendment to the U.S. Constitution in 1919.

By law, beer brewed by a brewpub cannot be possessed, sold or dispensed except on the premises where it is brewed. Brewpub beer also cannot be packaged or contained in other than barrels from which the beer is to be dispensed.

The brewpub must contain and operate a restaurant with a seating capacity of not less than 80.

"Free The Hops" movement[edit]

In 2006 and 2007 a grassroots lobbying organization called "Free The Hops"[65] introduced bills in the state House and Senate, intending to raise the limit on beer to 13.9% ABV. The bill was passed and signed into law in May 2009.[66]

The movement to raise the ABV limit on beer in Alabama followed similar movements in Georgia, North Carolina, and South Carolina. Those states also had 5% and 6% ABV limits on beer until recently: Georgia raised their ABV limit to 14% in 2004,[67] North Carolina raised to 15% in 2005,[68] and South Carolina raised to 17.5% in 2007.[69]

On May 9, 2012, the Alabama house passed Senate Bill 294, allowing the sale of beer containers up to 25.4 ounces, effective August 1, 2012, into law. Governor Robert Bentley signed the bill on May 16, 2012.[70]

Homebrewing[edit]

On May 9, 2013 Alabama governor Bentley signed HB9 into law,[71] allowing Alabama residents to legally homebrew beer. Alabama became the 49th state to legalize homebrewing. Mississippi's legislature passed a law to legalize homebrewing, however it took effect months after Alabama's law did. Alabama residents are limited to 15 gallons of production per quarter and no more than 15 gallon on premises at one time. Residents of dry counties, dry municipalities, minors and convicted felons are still prohibited from producing homebrewed beer.

Brewers Association[edit]

Formed in 2009, the Alabama Brewers Guild exists to promote the common interests of its members and the craft brewing industry in Alabama. The core membership of the guild consists of licensed Alabama breweries and brewpubs actively engaged in the brewing of craft beer at a facility located in the state of Alabama.[72]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "The Economic Impact of the Beer Industry--State Legislative & Congressional District Data, Alabama". The Beer Institute. Retrieved 14 May 2014. 
  2. ^ "The Economic Impact of the Beer Industry--State Legislative & Congressional District Data, Alabama". The Beer Institute. Retrieved 14 May 2014. 
  3. ^ "The Economic Impact of the Beer Industry--2012 Data, Alabama". The Beer Institute. Retrieved 14 May 2014. 
  4. ^ "Capita per Brewery". Brewers Association. 
  5. ^ "Brewers Association Announces 2013 Craft Brewer Growth". Retrieved 14 May 2014. 
  6. ^ "Beer Serves America". The Beer Institute. Retrieved 14 May 2014. 
  7. ^ Fromson, Daniel. "Idea of the Week: Mapping the Rise of Craft Beer". The New Yorker. Retrieved June 7, 2013. 
  8. ^ "Avondale Brewing Company bringing life to a historic Birmingham neighborhood". Press-Register. AL.com. April 4, 2012. 
  9. ^ "Avondale Brewing Co. captures gold, silver medals in international competition". AL.com. The Huntsville Times. January 16, 2014. 
  10. ^ a b c d e "Alabama's Best Craft Beer". Southern Living. May 15, 2012. 
  11. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l "'Alabama Beer Trail' experts share the best of what's brewing throughout the state". AL.com. April 15, 2013. 
  12. ^ "Back Forty Beer Co. taps into history of craft brewing". The Gadsden Times. October 21, 2012. 
  13. ^ "Beer Engineers to build new brewery next door to Railroad Park". AL.com. April 16, 2013. 
  14. ^ "Beer Engineers to brew up more jobs in 2014". Birmingham Business Journal. December 19, 2013. 
  15. ^ a b c d e f g h "Happy brew year: 8 Huntsville-area beer-makers talk recent and early 2014 releases". AL.com. January 8, 2014. 
  16. ^ "Black Warrior Brewing Company glad there's room for two breweries in Tuscaloosa". AL.com. November 20, 2013. 
  17. ^ "At Madison's Blue Pants Brewery, it's all about family". Press-Register. AL.com. April 18, 2012. 
  18. ^ "Blue Pants Brewery in Madison expands beer distribution footprint in Mississippi, Memphis". AL.com. January 9, 2014. 
  19. ^ "Crafting a Family of Beers". Birmingham Magazine. AL.com. June 26, 2013. 
  20. ^ "New brewpub opening in Phenix City". Opelika-Auburn News. January 26, 2013. 
  21. ^ "Opening of brewpub hearkens back to Anniston's pre-Prohibition days". The Anniston Star. August 9, 2013. 
  22. ^ "T-Town taproom: Druid City Brewing Co. serves beer where it's made". The Tuscaloosa News. July 7, 2013. 
  23. ^ "Druid City Brewing Company opens new taproom". AL.com. July 9, 2013. 
  24. ^ "Inside the Fairhope Brewing Company". AL.com. February 1, 2013. 
  25. ^ "Discover the Fairhope Brewing Company". WPMI-TV. August 2, 2013. 
  26. ^ "Folklore Brewery Answers some questions from The Local". The Local. December 31, 2013. 
  27. ^ "Good things brewing at Birmingham's Good People Brewing Company". Press-Register. AL.com. March 21, 2012. 
  28. ^ "Old Black Bear Brewing Company by the numbers". AL.com. January 29, 2013. 
  29. ^ "Beer from here: Alabama's only brewpub opens at Heroes in Weaver". The Anniston Star. August 8, 2012. 
  30. ^ "All Aboard: Railyard Brewing Co. Opens in Montgomery". AL.com. September 20, 2012. 
  31. ^ "Rocket Republic, latest Huntsville-area beer venture, to debut beers at launch party". AL.com. September 3, 2013. 
  32. ^ "Huntsville's Salty Nut Brewery unveiling new craft beer this week in Madison County". AL.com. June 13, 2013. 
  33. ^ "Singin’ River begins brewing beer in Florence". timesdaily.com. September 13, 2014. 
  34. ^ "Straight To Ale brewery finds its roots at home". Press-Register. AL.com. July 18, 2012. 
  35. ^ "Huntsville brewery Straight to Ale doubling fermentation capacity, expanding to Atlanta market next year". AL.com. August 30, 2013. 
  36. ^ "Brew Stooges look to make their mark in fertile Huntsville craft beer scene". AL.com. August 28, 2013. 
  37. ^ "Shuttered 801 Franklin building back in action with New Orleans-inspired Huntsville Brewery". AL.com. November 26, 2013. 
  38. ^ "Brewery sets sights on Lakeview instead of downtown". Birmingham Business Journal. March 13, 2013. 
  39. ^ "Yellowhammer Brewery brings European tastes to Huntsville brewing scene". Press-Register. AL.com. May 2, 2012. 
  40. ^ a b "The United States of Beer: Alabama". Poor Taste Magazine. March 6, 2011. 
  41. ^ a b c "The History of Brewing in Alabama". alabev.com. Retrieved January 24, 2014. 
  42. ^ "Restaurants negotiate for space in former Barrett's Brewpub". TuscaloosaNews.com. January 22, 2002. 
  43. ^ "Birmingham Brewing Company". pubcrawler.com. Retrieved January 24, 2014. 
  44. ^ "Birmingham Brewing Company". bhamwiki.com. Retrieved July 13, 2013. 
  45. ^ "Blue Moose Cafe & Brew Pub to release 1st commercial beer produced in Cullman since 1800s". AL.com. October 1, 2013. 
  46. ^ "Breckenridge Brewery". The Huntsville Times. 1997. 
  47. ^ "Southern Brewing". Celebrator. Aug–Sep 2006. 
  48. ^ "Mobile's Hurricane Brewing Company closes doors". AL.com. January 5, 2010. 
  49. ^ a b c "A sad day for beer in Mobile; brewpub equipment is on its way north". Press-Register. AL.com. January 24, 2011. 
  50. ^ "Company info". Mad MONK Beer Company. Retrieved January 24, 2014. 
  51. ^ "Magic City Brewery beer 'head' and shoulders above any other". The Birmingham News. AL.com. 1997. 
  52. ^ "Brewery". The Tuscaloosa News. March 30, 2003. 
  53. ^ "The Montgomery Brewing Company". Online Montgomery. March 21, 2009. 
  54. ^ "Montgomery Brewing Company". Official website. Archived from the original on October 27, 2005. 
  55. ^ "Rising costs end Auburn pub's beer brewing; was one of only three in state". AL.com. January 28, 2009. 
  56. ^ "The Olde Auburn Ale House on Facebook". Official website. Retrieved July 13, 2013. 
  57. ^ "Some big changes appear headed for Olde Towne Brewing". The Huntsville Times. February 17, 2011. 
  58. ^ "Cigar City". GreatBrewers.com. October 28, 2009. "a local brewpub in Dothan, Alabama called Poplar Head Mule Company (a historical building that used to sell wagons" 
  59. ^ "Kegging" (PDF). American Brewmaster. January 25, 2012. "Southside Cellar Brewing Co., Birmingham, AL" 
  60. ^ "City's last brewery to shut down as new owners move operations". Birmingham News. July 13, 2000. Archived from the original on July 13, 2000. 
  61. ^ "Vulcan Breweries Company". Official website. Archived from the original on January 13, 1998. 
  62. ^ "HB373". Alabama Legislature. 2009. 
  63. ^ "HB631". Alabama Legislature. 2007. 
  64. ^ "Alabama Gov. Bentley signs bigger beer container bill into law". AL.com. Retrieved November 8, 2012. 
  65. ^ "Free The Hops Success so far". Retrieved July 19, 2013. 
  66. ^ Bran Strickland / The Anniston Star (March 10, 2010). "Craft beer market coming into its own around the area". The Anniston Star. 
  67. ^ Join Together Staff (June 20, 2004). "Georgia Raises Maximum Alcohol Content for Beer". The Partnership at Drugfree.org. 
  68. ^ "Pop The Cap". Retrieved July 19, 2013. 
  69. ^ "Pop The Cap South Carolina; SC Laws". Retrieved July 19, 2013. 
  70. ^ Harris, Gabe. "Governor Bentley Has Signed Gourmet Bottle Bill". Retrieved May 29, 2012. 
  71. ^ "Robert Bentley signed HB9 into law". AL.com. May 9, 2013. 
  72. ^ http://albeer.org

External links[edit]