|New Netherland series|
|The Patroon System|
|Charter of Freedoms and Exemptions|
|Directors of New Netherland:|
|People of New Netherland|
Beeren Island (Beeren Eylandt in the original Dutch) is an island in the Hudson River within the town of Coeymans, New York. It lies 11 miles south of the city of Albany, and is at the border of four counties, Albany, Greene (to the south), Columbia (to the southeast), and Rensselaer (to the east). Beeren Island was once referred to as Mach-a-wa-meck, which may come from mashq (bear) and wamock (enough), meaning "place of many bears" and would make it in agreement with the Dutch name.
The island was claimed by the Patroon Kiliean Van Rensselaer as the southern border of his patroonship of Rensselaerswyck, it was from the start of the New Netherland colony chosen as a fine site for fortifications to protect the patroon's lands. In 1643 a fort named Rensselaer Stein was built and garrisoned, and included mounted cannon; Nicolas Coorn was appointed watchmaster. Every ship passing the island had to lower its flag in deference to the patroon and pay five stivers. A dispute arose between Coorn and the captain of the ship Good Hope when Coorn demanded that Captain Govert Loockermans lower his flag, and Loockermans replied that “I lower my colors for no one except the Prince of Orange and the Lords my masters.” At which point Coorn shot a cannonball through the mainsail of the Good Hope. The West India Company however refused to acknowledge the patroon's exclusive right over the river, this led to tension between the two until the English conquered the entire New Netherland colony in 1664. The island was the location of the first white child born along the Hudson River.
The island has at various times also been occupied by a few Native American hunters, by the Coeymans family, a quarantine station, and was even the site of fortune hunters looking for Captain Kidd's hidden treasure.
- George Howell and Jonathan Tenney (1886). Bi-centennial History of Albany. W.W. Munsell & Co. p. 14. Retrieved 2009-08-09.
- Thursty McQuill (1884). The Hudson River by Daylight. Bryant Literary Union. p. 72. Retrieved 2009-12-26.
- William Martin Beauchamp (1907). Aboriginal place names of New York. New York State Education Department. p. 21.
- Maud Wilder Goodman (1919). "The Dutch and the English on the Hudson". Yale University Press. Retrieved 2009-12-26.
This article incorporates text from Bi-centennial history of Albany, by George Rogers Howell, Jonathan Tenney, a publication from 1886 now in the public domain in the United States.