Highway 50 (Israel)
|שדרות מנחם בגין\כביש בגין
Sderot Menahem Begin/Kvish Begin
|Menahem Begin Boulevard/Begin Expressway|
|Length:||13.5 km (8.4 mi)
16.2 km (10 mi)
upon completion of Begin South
|Existed:||June, 1998 – present|
Gilo (u.c.), Beit Safafa (u.c.), Malha/Manahat, Holyland, Katamonim, Bayit VeGan, Beit HaKerem, Givat Mordechai, Kiryat Moshe, Kiryat HaLeom, Givat Shaul, Har Hotzvim, Ramot, Beit Hanina, Atarot
Highway 50, officially called Begin Boulevard (Hebrew: שדרות בגין, Sderot Begin) and also referred to as Menachem Begin Expressway or Begin Highway, is an urban freeway in western Jerusalem named after Israel's sixth Prime Minister, Menachem Begin. Local Jerusalemites simply refer to it as 'Begin' (pron. IPA 'bei-gin).
The road follows a north-south path that connects key neighborhoods and commercial areas, as well as several city arteries and national routes. Beginning at the busy Golumb Junction, the road travels northward below the high ridge of the Holyland neighborhood to the west. To the east is Emek Hatzva'im (Gazelle Valley), a green zone which was previously leased to Kiryat Anavim and Ma'ale HaHamisha and used for agricultural purposes. Further on, the path was excavated to create a depressed roadway between Bayit Vegan, Givat Mordechai, Ramat Beit HaKerem & Givat Ram. This section is equipped with noise barriers and speed cameras.
The road then passes through two tunnels under Jaffa Road and the busy western entrance to Jerusalem. Winding down the western and northern slopes below Romema, the road steeply descends 150 meters into Emek HaArazim (Valley of Cedars) with interchanges at Golda Meir Blvd (Route 436) and Yigal Yadin Blvd (Highway 1). Passing between Ramot and Ramat Shlomo, the road continues through the west bank passing Beit Hanina, Bir Nabala and Atarot. Finally at Atarot Junction, Highway 50 officially becomes Highway 45 providing a continuous connection to Route 443 to Modi'in and the Tel Aviv area.
Since its construction, the road was called national Route 404. In internal Jerusalem Municipality documentation, it was known as Jerusalem Road 4. In 2012, the Israel Ministry of Transport and the Jerusalem Municipality began using the designation 50. New blue "Highway 50" signs were posted by the National Roads Company of Israel to reflect this change. The Moriah-Jerusalem Development Corporation, responsible for road construction in Jerusalem also uses the designation, 50.
In the north, the "50/20 Interchange Project" was approved in 2010 along with the new Jerusalem Road 20 through Beit Hanina following AbdulHamid Shomaan St. and Hizma Rd. to Sayeret Duchifat Blvd. Construction was begun in 2011. This route alleviates heavy traffic at Sha'ar Mizrach Junction (Highway 1 and Route 60) by providing an alternative route via Begin to central Jerusalem and Route 443 to Tel Aviv for residents of Beit Hanina, Shuafat, Pisgat Ze'ev and Neve Ya'akov. The preliminarily named "50/20 Interchange" was officially opened on May 5, 2013 and renamed after Benzion Netanyahu, the Israeli historian and father of Benjamin Netanyahu.
The "Begin South Project", first planned in 1990, involves widening Begin Boulevard from 4 to 6 lanes and extending it as a freeway past its current southern terminus to connect with Route 60 at the Tunnels Road in Gilo to Gush Etzion. At present, the project is in various stages of construction. Work began in 2010 to widen the highway between Givat Mordechai Interchange and Golomb Junction. At the same time, reconstruction of sewer lines further south was completed in order to accommodate the lowering of the highway to pass under Golomb Boulevard and local streets next to the Malha Mall, Teddy Stadium and the Jerusalem Malha Railway Station with interchange access to these locations. As of 2013, work is in progress to create a tunnel under the new Golomb Interchange and lower the road past the Malha Mall and Teddy Stadium with service roads on either side.
Further south, past the Malha Railway Station, the construction of the highway continues through the neighborhood of Sharafat where it will connect to Dov Yosef Boulevard to Gilo. Through the neighborhood of Beit Safafa, despite the residents' objections and requests for a tunnel, the highway continues as a slightly depressed roadway with a 200 meter wide, park-covered bridge at al-Qa'ash St. connecting the south-west corner of the neighborhood with its center. Ongoing litigation between the residents and the municipality regarding the proximity of the highway to houses and the desire for additional crossing points has, as yet, not been resolved.
In the center, a plan has been published to connect Begin Boulevard at Givat Mordechai Interchange to Highway 1 at the new Motza Intechange via the new Jerusalem Road 16. The road would travel mostly through a series of tunnels under the parking lots of Shaare Zedek Medical Center and the west Jerusalem neighborhhods of Yefeh Nof and Har Nof. In the center, the above ground Nahal Revida Interchange would lead to Givat Shaul. This would create another entrance to Jerusalem to ease the traffic congestion at the Ben Gurion Blvd./Jaffa Road entrance and provide direct access to south Jerusalem from the west. Expected to be completed by 2018, the plan still has to pass stiff resistance on ecological grounds due to the above ground section at Nahal Revida located in the Jerusalem Forest.
Interchanges (South to North)
|Under Construction (Completion: Late 2015)|
|The Tunnels||Gilo &
(Tunnels Road to Gush Etzion)
|Under Construction (Completion: March 2015)|
|(1.5)||מחלף דב יוסף
(Dov Yosef Interchange)
Beit Safafa &
|Dov Yosef Blvd.|
|0 (2.7)||מחלף מלחה
Jerusalem Tennis Center,
Malha Railway Station,
Jerusalem Technology Park,
|Beitar Sport Assn. Rd.,
David Ayalon St.,
HaPoel Sport Assn. Rd.,
Maccabi Sport Assn Rd.,
Yitzhak Moda'i St.,
David Benvenisti St.
6 lanes, 240 meters
|Eliyahu Golomb Blvd.|
|0.7 (3.4)||מחלף גולומב
|Eliyahu Golomb Blvd.,
Beitar Sport Assn. Rd.
|1.7 (4.4)||מנהרות בייט
4 lanes, 310 metres
|Shmuel Beyth St.,
Bezalel Bazak St.
|1.9 (4.6)||מחלף גבעת מרדכי
(Givat Mordechai Interchange)
|Mordechai's Hill||Givat Mordechai,
Ramat Beit HaKerem &
|Shmuel Beyth St.,
Bezalel Bazak St.,
Jerusalem Road 16
|3.7 (6.4)||מחלף קרית משה
(Kiryat Moshe Interchange)
|Moses' Town||Kiryat HaLeom
(National Precinct) &
|Yitzhak Rabin St.|
6 lanes, 570 metres
|5.1 (7.8)||מחלף גבעת שאול
(Givat Shaul Interchange)
|Saul's Hill||Givat Shaul neighborhood||Ben Gurion Blvd.,
Givat Shaul St.
(to Jaffa Road)
|6.8 (9.3)||מחלף גולדה מאיר
(Golda Meir Interchange )
| Route 436
(Golda Meir Blvd.)
|7.4 (10.1)||Green Line|
|7.5 (10.2)||מחלף יגאל ידין
(Yigael Yadin Interchange)
|North entrance to Jerusalem,
Ramot & Ramat Shlomo
| Highway 1
(Jerusalem Road 9/
Yigael Yadin Blvd.)
|9.8 (12.5)||מחלף בן ציון נתניהו
|Beit Hanina neighborhood||Jerusalem Road 20
(Abdul Hamid Shomaan St.)
to Pisgat Ze'ev
|13.5 (16.2)||צומת עטרות
| Highway 45
(to Route 443)
- note 1 Upon completion, "Golumb Interchange" is expected to be renamed "Yitzhak Shamir Interchange" after Israel's 7th Prime Minister.
- Nir Hasson (2012-03-06). "Israel court rules to protect Jerusalem's 'Gazelle Valley'". HAARETZ. Retrieved 2012-12-12.
- Google Maps (November 2011). Street View - Kryat Moshe Interchange - example of speed camera and noise barrier (Map). http://maps.google.com/maps?q=loc:31.765,35.197222&hl=en&ll=31.782726,35.197304&spn=0.000009,0.005262&t=h&z=18&layer=c&cbll=31.78145,35.19616&panoid=NdphXzD7kopgqtM8fnplOA&cbp=12,60.6,,1,0.52. Retrieved 2013-06-25.
- Elli Wohlgelernter (1998-06-17). "Begin Boulevard opens in Jerusalem". Jerusalem Post. Retrieved 2013-05-16.(English)
- Route 4 project page from Moriah web site.
- Google Maps (November 2011). Street View - Higheway 45 westbound approacing Atarot Junction (Map). http://maps.google.com/maps?q=loc:31.85,35.216667&hl=en&ll=31.859699,35.228434&spn=0.000146,0.0842&t=h&z=14&layer=c&cbll=31.859674,35.211906&panoid=62x2ttNWAOfcSWL18caFiA&cbp=12,295.32,,0,4.61. Retrieved 2013-06-25.
- "Continuation of Begin South (Highway 50), in Jerusalem". Ministry of Transport, National Infrastructure & Road Safety. Retrieved 2011-08-23.(Hebrew)
- "Arterial road system planned for 2012". Jerusalem Municipality. sections 1 & 4. Retrieved 2012-08-04.(Hebrew)
- Google Maps (October 2011). Street View - Golumb Blvd. westbound to Begin Boulevard northbound (Map). http://maps.google.com/maps?q=31.761,35.207&ll=31.756744,35.194101&spn=0.000073,0.038409&t=h&layer=c&cbll=31.756742,35.19422&panoid=fPpcF1udyE1aC-9Flc1qtQ&cbp=12,307.46,,1,-1.07&z=15. Retrieved 2012-08-05.
- Google Maps (October 2011). Street View - Golumb Blvd. eastbound to Begin Boulevard northbound (Map). http://maps.google.com/maps?q=31.761,35.207&ll=31.756087,35.191483&spn=0.000073,0.038409&t=h&layer=c&cbll=31.756104,35.191512&panoid=5MY8ADSZlo06PoxaSObKpw&cbp=12,66.02,,1,-4.79&z=15. Retrieved 2012-08-05.
- Google Maps (December 2011). Street View - Shmuel Beyth St. eastbound to Begin Boulevard southbound (Map). http://maps.google.com/maps?q=31.761,35.207&ll=31.767435,35.200281&spn=0.000073,0.038409&t=h&layer=c&cbll=31.767371,35.192262&panoid=ObwpSi8kiCEc_s91g3D7SA&cbp=12,133.31,,2,-1.95&z=15. Retrieved 2012-08-05.
- "50/20 Interchange & Road 20". Moriah-Jerusalem Development Corporation. Retrieved 2012-05-16.(Hebrew)
- Akiva Eldar (2011-12-02). "Israel paving road to link East Jerusalem neighborhoods to city center". HAARETZ. Retrieved 2012-05-16.
- "The road that will connect the north of the city to Begin open to traffic". Jerusalem Municipality. sections 1 & 4. Retrieved 2013-04-30.(Hebrew)
- Nir Hassan (2012-12-20). "New Jerusalem highway to cut Arab neighborhood in half". HAARETZ. Retrieved 2012-12-25.(English)
- "Latest Projects - Begin Highway 50 (with video)". Moriah-Jerusalem Development Corporation. Retrieved 2011-08-23.(Hebrew)
- "Roads Planned and Under Construstion". Jerusalem Transport Master Plan Committee. Retrieved 2011-08-23.(Hebrew)
- "Jerusalem's Begin Highway to be extended". Israel Transport blogspot (Summary of Hebrew references in English). 2011-03-11. Retrieved 2011-08-23.(English)
- "Jerusalem Transportation Network-map". Jerusalem Transport Master Plan Committee. Retrieved 2011-08-23.(Hebrew)
- Melanie Lidman (2011-08-03). "J'lem municipality, Moriah announce highway extension plan". Jerusalem Post. Retrieved 2011-10-20.(English)
- Maya Hordonichono (2011-08-13). "Despite Beit Safafa's Complaint's, Begin Highway Extension Has Begun (with photo)". Ma'ariv-nrg. Retrieved 2011-10-20.(Hebrew)
- Nir Hasson (2011-06-26). "Supreme Court gives Israel 30 days to resolve controversy over East Jerusalem highway". HAARETZ. Retrieved 2013-06-27.
- "The mega-road that will change the city". Jerusalem Municipality. 2014-04-27. Retrieved 2014-05-16.(Hebrew)
- Yonah Jeremy Bob (2013-10-14). "Supreme Court hears appeal to stop road slated to traverse capital neighborhood". Jerusalem Post. Retrieved 2013-10-14.(English)
- "Road 16, New entrance to Jerusalem, between Motza and Begin Highway". Israel Ministry of Transport, National Infrastructure & Road Safety. Retrieved 2012-12-02.(Hebrew)
- "Save the Jerusalem Forest: Road 16". Forum of Organizations for the Jerusalem Forest. Archived from the original on 2011-08-09. Retrieved 2012-12-02.
- "Traffic arrangement for construction of Dov Yosef Interchange". official placard. Jerusalem Municipality. Retrieved 2014-07-14.(Hebrew)
- "Traffic arrangement for construction of Dov Yosef Interchange". public notification. Jerusalem Municipality. 2014-06-29. Retrieved 2014-07-14.(Hebrew)
- Yosi Eli (2012-12-03). "New Interchanges in Jerusalem to immortalize central Likud figures". Ma'ariv-nrg. Retrieved 2013-12-26.(Hebrew)