Begusarai district

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This article is about the district. For its eponymous headquarters, see Begusarai.
Begusarai district
बेगूसराय जिला ضلع بیگو سراےء
District of Bihar
Location of Begusarai district in Bihar
Location of Begusarai district in Bihar
Country India
State Bihar
Administrative division Darbhanga
Headquarters Begusarai
Government
 • Lok Sabha constituencies Begusarai
Area
 • Total 1,918 km2 (741 sq mi)
Population (2011)
 • Total 2,954,367
 • Density 1,500/km2 (4,000/sq mi)
Demographics
 • Literacy 66.23 per cent
 • Sex ratio 894
Major highways NH 31, NH 28
Average annual precipitation 1384 mm
Website Official website

Begusarai District is one of the thirty-eight districts of Bihar state, India, and Begusarai town is the administrative headquarters of this district.

Etymology[edit]

The name Begusarai originated from the word Begumsarai( Begum="Queen", Sarai="inn"). Begumsarai later on took the modern name Begusarai.

History[edit]

It was established in 1870 as of Munger District. In 1972, it was given district status.[1] Simaria village is the birthplace of famous Hindi poet Ramdhari Singh Dinkar. However most people know Munger as his birthplace as Begusarai was the part of Munger during his birth and much of his lifetime. Begusarai is the part of historic Mithila region.

Geography[edit]

Begusarai district occupies an area of 1,918 square kilometres (741 sq mi),[2] comparatively equivalent to Indonesia's Biak Island.[3] The district lies on the northern bank of river Ganges. Begusarai district is a part of Darbhanga division. It is located at latitudes 25.15N & 25.45N and longitudes 85.45E & 86.36E.

National protected area[edit]

Divisions[edit]

Sub-Divisions[edit]

Begusarai district comprises the following Sub-Divisions:

  • Begusarai and
  • Manjahaul
  • Ballia
  • Bakhari
  • Teghara
  • Barauni

Parliamentary constituency[edit]

It has one Lok Sabha seat Begusarai (Lok Sabha constituency). patna (Lok Sabha constituency) was dissolved in Indian general election, 2009 after delimitation.

Economy[edit]

In 2006 the Indian government named Begusarai one of the country's 250 most backward districts (out of a total of 640).[4] It is one of the 36 districts in Bihar currently receiving funds from the Backward Regions Grant Fund Programme (BRGF).[4] The district has a yearly tranjaction of 1200 crores in state bank of India.

Chief exports[edit]

Agriculture: Kharif: Paddy, Arahar, Urad. Rabi: Wheat, Macca, Gram, Masur, Mater, Mustard, Tisi, Sunflower.
Cash Crops : oilseeds, tobacco, jute, potato, red chilies, tomato and andi. Of late, the district has developed fruit farming like mango, guava and notable among them is litchi (strawberry look alike but unlike strawberry it is grown on full fledged tree growing up to 30 feet (9.1 m) in height and nearly 60-70 sq meter in area).

Industry: Indian Oil Refinery- Barauni, Barauni Thermal Power Station and hundreds of small industrial units in the private sector. A fertilizer plant in Barauni under HFC Ltd. was closed in 2003.

Transport[edit]

Barauni is the main rail head and originating place of many trains. It is connected to south Bihar by Rajendra Bridge which serves both as road and railway. NH 28 and NH 31 meet at Zero mile also known as Dinkar chouk. There are bus services for long distance places by government owned Bihar State Road Transport Corporation. There also many private bus services to places in other cities of Bihar, Jharkhand and West Bengal. Local bus services are run by private hands and government bus services are not there.

Demographics[edit]

According to the 2011 census Begusarai district has a population of 2,970,541,[5] roughly equal to the nation of Armenia[6] or the US state of Mississippi.[7] This gives it a ranking of 128th in India (out of a total of 640).[5] The district has a population density of 1,540 inhabitants per square kilometre (4,000 /sq mi) .[5] Its population growth rate over the decade 2001-2011 was 26.44%.[5] Begusarai has a sex ratio of 895 females for every 1000 males,[5] and a literacy rate of 63.87%.[5]

Culture[edit]

Tourism[edit]

Rivers: Ganges, Budhi Gandak, Balan, Bainty, Baya and Chandrabhaga.
Kanwar Jheel: Kabar Jheel one of the Asia's largest fresh water lake, also famous for Birds' sanctuary.
Noteworthy : Bridge across Ganges at Barauni, Resting spot for migratory birds, Industrial complex at Barauni

NAULA GARH (86° 04' 00"/25° 33' 15") Naula Birpur Begusarai 20 km. North, North – East from Begusarai district headquarters. Mound The mound is almost intact. The expansion and landscape is remarkable. The road interscts the mound in two parts. The remains of fortifications had been explored several times by A.I.H.Culture and Archaeology department of G. D. College, Begusarai. The Northern mound is remarkable for its landscape with natural and man – made water channels. Pottery – N.B.P., Black slipped, Burnt (Plain & Polished), Red ware (Plain & Polished), Internal Black & External Red type. Vessels – Heavy type storage vessel, water jar, Dish, cookware, small and large Plate, bowl, Deep Pan, Flat pan etc. It is situated only 3½ km westward of the block headquarters Birpur. This enormous mound expands in almost 1½ km. long area, right from Bhit in the East to Fansiari Tola in Makhwa panchayat in the west. Balan in the East and Bainti in the south creates a remarkable topology for the mound. Both the rivers join in the east almost 1 km. from the centre. In fact, the mound is divided in different parts –

The central fortified area of 360 acres (1.5 km2), 1,400 acres (5.7 km2) and 800 acres (3.2 km2). Sodhri mound measuring 400m x 100m to the north of the Gudh (fort) and The mound of Dih and Bhit to the east of the fortified area. The A.I.H. culture and Archaeology Dept. Of G. D. College, Begusarai under supervision of prof. R. K. chowdhary had explored and surveyed this huge area in 1950-52. A local resident Shri Arvind Prasad Singh, who owns most of the main mound part donated coins and the antique collection from this mound to the museum of G. D. College, Begusarai. A black stone broken sculptures with inscription of Vigraha Pala III has been displayed in the K.P.J.A. Museum of the A.I.H. Archaeology Deptt., G. D. College, Begusarai. The concerned inscription is narrated in G. D. College, Buletin – 2.

Flora and fauna[edit]

In 1989 Begusarai district became home to the Kanwarjheel Wildlife Sanctuary, which has an area of 63 km2 (24.3 sq mi).[8]

Education[edit]

The foundation stone of Ramdhari Singh Dinkar Engineering College was laid on 22 December 2013 by Nitish Kumar,paving way for the eighth government engineering college in Bihar.[9][10] All colleges of the district are affiliated to Lalit Narayan Mithila University Darbhanga. Most famous colleges are G.D.College, Co-Operative College, Mahila College and C.A.B.S. Inter College, Khamhar, Begusarai. IGNOU and Nalanda Open university are running its correspondence courses in GD College and Co-operative college. Cyberschool, A School of Computer and information sciences is being run at St. Paul's School. A Computer Training Institute [IT gurukul] Provides CCA, DCA, ADCA, PGDCA, CFA, DFA, DCTT, HTML, PHP Courses and Computer Programming Classes. In higher education this district is generally ranked among the best ones in Bihar. There are three Kendriya Vidyalaya, located at IOCL colony, HFC colony and Garhara. There are many schools affiliated to CBSE, New Delhi. Other good schools include St. Paul's School, BR DAV Public School, DAV public School,Ramnik Baba PD Academy Bhardwaj Gurukul (Boarding School), Takshila, dps school st.Anne(TILRATH)etc. . One medical college, Shiv Kumari Ayurvedic Medical college for ayurvedic medical studies is located nearest to Begusarai railway station. There are many coaching places for 10+2 level in Lohianagar, Pokharia, Sarvodaya Nagar (east of Kali Asthan chowk). BSS Intermediate High School,Girls School, Bishnupur and B P High school are other well known schools, RKH School is also considered a best & old high school located in Chhourahi Bakhadda.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Law, Gwillim (2011-09-25). "Districts of India". Statoids. Retrieved 2011-10-11. 
  2. ^ Srivastava, Dayawanti et al. (ed.) (2010). "States and Union Territories: Bihar: Government". India 2010: A Reference Annual (54th ed.). New Delhi, India: Additional Director General, Publications Division, Ministry of Information and Broadcasting (India), Government of India. pp. 1118–1119. ISBN 978-81-230-1617-7. 
  3. ^ "Island Directory Tables: Islands by Land Area". United Nations Environment Program. 1998-02-18. Retrieved 2011-10-11. "Biak 1,904km2" 
  4. ^ a b Ministry of Panchayati Raj (September 8, 2009). "A Note on the Backward Regions Grant Fund Programme". National Institute of Rural Development. Retrieved September 27, 2011. 
  5. ^ a b c d e f "District Census 2011". Census2011.co.in. 2011. Retrieved 2011-09-30. 
  6. ^ US Directorate of Intelligence. "Country Comparison:Population". Retrieved 2011-10-01. "Armenia 2,967,975 July 2011 est." 
  7. ^ "2010 Resident Population Data". U. S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 2011-09-30. "Mississippi 2,967,297" 
  8. ^ Indian Ministry of Forests and Environment. "Protected areas: Bihar". Retrieved September 25, 2011. 
  9. ^ "CM lays foundation of engineering college". Times of India. 23 December 2013. Retrieved 23 December 2013. 
  10. ^ "Nitish lists special tag cry as LS poll plank". The Telegraph. 23 December 2013. Retrieved 23 December 2013. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 25°25′00″N 86°08′00″E / 25.4167°N 86.1333°E / 25.4167; 86.1333