Behali

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Bahali
Union council and town
Country Pakistan
Region Khyber-Pakhtunkhwa
District Mansehra District
Villages Matehal, Rehar, Behali, Ogra
Time zone PST (UTC+5)
Bahali
Union Council
Country  Pakistan
Province Khyber-Pakhtunkhwa
Government
 • Nazim Raja Masoodurehman

Bahali is a village and union council (an administrative subdivision) of the Mansehra District in Khyber-Pakhtunkhwa province of Pakistan.[1] Bahali is part of Mansehra Tehsil and is located at the boundary area of the Mansehra district and the Abbottabad district, west from the Karakurram highway at Qalanderabad. It is a valley surrounded by mountains. The Turk tribe is the main tribe of Bahali. This valley is surrounded by high mountains from all sides.

Raja Masoodurehman is Nazim of Union Council Bahali.

Etymology[edit]

Behali is actually a distortion of the word Bahali, which means "restoration." Tradition holds that the reason the village was named Bahali was due to its successive destruction by various tribes and Sikhs and its final restoration by the Karlugh Turks, descendants of the former rulers of Pakhli Sarkar. These Karlugh Turks are still one of the influential tribes in the Hazara area.

History[edit]

After the fall and disintegration of the Turkic Pakhli Sarkar, the Turks continued their rule in the areas between Sherwan and Mangal till the arrival of the Sikhs in 1817-18 A.D. Sultan Qiusuddin Khan was the last Wali(Governor) of Lower Tanawal area and the younger brother of Sultan Mehmud Khurd. He died and buried in Sherwan. Raja Habib was the son of Sultan Qiyasuddin. He continued to put up resistance against the surmounting pressure from Tanoli tribes. He was also buried in Sherwan. The rulers of Pakhli Sarkar would always used the title of Sultan but local populace used to call them Raja. After disentegration of Pakhli Sarkar the Turk rulers, who then relegated from the status of Sultan, accepted the title of Raja and still using this title. The Turks could not sustain the successive attacks from Tanoli lashkars and were thus pushed the towards the difficult mountainous terrain between Richbehn and Bahali. The Turks now established their headquarters at Kakot. Raja Anayat Khan was now leading the resistance against Tanolis from Kakot. They successfully contained the Tanolis beyond kothiala and did not allow them to move forward any more. The Turks constructed a fort between Kakot and Mochikot, called the Mochikot fort. This fort proved to be a very strong place of resistance for Turks because of its hilltop location. One wall of this fort is still intact. Raja Asalat son of Raja Anayat settled in Bahali. Raja Asalat Khan was the first person who settled in Bahali around 1795. However, the Turks were dislodged from Behali by Sikhs in 1817. These Bahali Turks migrated to Kashmir and stayed with their relatives in Thangar Shawai Turkan. After General Hari Singh Nalwa invited them back to resettle in Bahali, they finally returned around one and a half years later. Disputes developed again with the Sikhs and the Bahali Turks took asylum in the Mochikot fort. Raja Asalat passed his last days in Richhbehn. He is buried in Sohlan Bala near the Kot-reen graveyard. The Turks of Bahali were deprived of a sizeable landholding during the 1872 settlement. After 1972 settlement, they continued to possess about thirty thousand (30000) kanals, equivalent to 7,500 acres (30 km2) of lands between RichhBehn (Abbottabad) and Bahali (Mansehra). Raja Paras Khan, with the help of his brother Raja Maazullah Khan (both brave sons of Raja Asalat Khan), established control over the jageer on strong footing and started residing permanently in Bahali. The Sikh rule was generally miserable for the Turks of Behali so the Turks joined British forces to overthrow Sikhs like all other tribes of Hazara. Written record of their bravery and role in disldging the Sikhs from Hazara, duly recognized by Major Abbott, is available with Turks of Bahali, particularly with Raja Ali Jawad son of Raja Junaid Khan. After Raja Maazulla Khan was murdered under mysterious conditions, Raja Paras Khan continued to fight against adversaries and rose to prominence. He succeeded in regaining Turks lost authority and finally the Turks got permanent control in a sizeable area between Bahali and Richhbehn (about 24 villages, or 45 thousand kanals). Areas between Richhbehn and Bahali remained in the control of these Turks till the creation of Pakistan. They lost further lands under Khan Abdul Qayum Khan's lands reforms in 1952. Under these reforms 2/3rd of their lands were allotted to their tenants. They also sold their lands on through away prices.

Establishment of modern schooling[edit]

The Turks of Bahali established a school at Bahali in 1872. This was the era when Sir Syed Ahmad Khan was trying to convince Indian Muslims to get an education. This school in Bahali was amongst the first few schools established by Britishers in Hazara. Among all these schools, Bahali was the only one which was established on the request of the Rajas of Bahali. The other schools were established due to government initiatives. Now it has been upgraded to the level of Higher Secondary School. There are also very beautiful girls High School in Bahali with a splended earthquake resistant building. This school has recently been reconstructed with a colossal cost of Rs.220 millions.

References[edit]

  • Imperial Gazetteer of India, volume 13
  • Ain-e-Akbari
  • Tareekh e Farishta
  • Turkaan-e-Bahali, Raja Muhammed Khursheed.

Coordinates: 34°15′N 73°10′E / 34.250°N 73.167°E / 34.250; 73.167