Behesht-e Zahra

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For the village, see Beheshti, Tehran.
Behesht-e Zahra
بهشت زهرا
Recent gravestones of Beheshte Zahra Cemetery.jpg
Behesht-e Zahra is located in Tehran
Behesht-e Zahra
Shown within Iran Tehran
Details
Year established 1970
Location Tehran
Country Iran
Coordinates 35°32′11″N 51°22′13″E / 35.536270°N 51.370183°E / 35.536270; 51.370183
Type Public
Size 534 hectares
Number of graves 1,300,000
Website Official Website
Find a Grave Find A Grave

Behesht-e Zahra (Persian: بهشت زهرا‎,The Paradise of Zahara), is the largest cemetery in Iran. Located in the southern part of metropolitan Tehran,[1] it is connected to the city by metro line No. 1. The cemetery has been one of the inspirations for the popular webcomic, Zahra's Paradise.

History[edit]

In the early 1950s, all the cemeteries in Tehran were supposed to be replaced by several large new ones outside the then precincts of the capital. Behesht-e Zahra was built in late 1960s on the southern side of Teheran towards the direction of the city of Qom and opened in 1970. The first person that buried in Behesht-e Zahra was Mohammad-Taghi Khial. The graveyard was the first place where Ayatollah Khomeini visited soon after his return to Iran on 1 February 1979 to honor the people who had been killed by the ousted Shah Mohammad Reza Pahlavi's forces.[2]

Many of the deceased soldiers of the Iran–Iraq War were buried in the martyr's section of the graveyard.[3]

Notable burials[edit]

Royalties[edit]

Politicians (Pahlavi Era)[edit]

Military Personnel[edit]

Political dissidents[edit]

Politicians (Islamic Republic)[edit]

Scholars[edit]

  • Mojtaba Minovi (1903–1976) – scholar
  • Mohsen Hashtroodi (1908–1976) – scholar
  • Issa Seddiq (1894–1978) - scholar and founder of the University of Tehran
  • Azar Andami (1926–1984) - physician
  • Abbas Nalbandian (1949–1989) - playwright
  • Parviz Natel-Khanlari (1914–1990) – linguist and scholar
  • Mehrdad Avesta (1930–1991) – poet
  • Bahram Farahvashi (1925–1992) - linguist
  • Ahmad Fardid (1909–1994) – philosopher
  • Mehrdad Bahar (1930–1994) – linguist
  • Mohammad Javad Mashkour (1918–1995) - scholar
  • Abbas Zaryab (1919–1995) – scholar
  • Mohammad Taghi Daneshpajouh (1911–1996) – scholar
  • Karim Fakoor (1926–1996) - poet
  • Ahmad Tafazzoli (1937–1997) – scholar
  • Ahmad Aram (1904–1998) - scholar
  • Hamid Mosadegh (1940–1998) – poet
  • Morteza Ravandi (1913–1999) - scholar
  • Jafar Shahri (1914–1999) - ethnographer
  • Abdolhossein Zarrinkoob (1923–1999) – scholar
  • Mahmoud Mosaheb (1912–2000) - scholar
  • Abbas Sahab (1921–2000) - scholar
  • Parviz Shapour (1924–2000) – writer and satirist
  • Fereydun Moshiri (1926–2000) – poet
  • Parviz Dariush (1922–2001) - poet
  • Yahya Zoka (1923–2001) - scholar
  • Amir-Hossein Aryanpour (1925–2001) – lexicographer
  • Gholamhossein Ahani (1927–2001) - scholar
  • Ahmad Birashk (1907–2002) - scholar
  • Mostafa Rahimi (1926–2002) - scholar
  • Reza Beykzadeh (1946–2002) - journalist
  • Farrokh Tamimi (1933–2002) - poet
  • Iraj Bastami (1957–2003) – poet
  • Abdolhossein Navaei (1924–2004) - scholar
  • Kioumars Saberi Foumani (1941–2004) – satirist
  • Shahrokh Meskoob (1924–2005) – scholar
  • Esmail Navvab Safa (1925–2005) - poet
  • Karim Emami (1930–2005) – translator
  • Nowzar Parang (1937–2006) - poet
  • Iraj Zand (1950–2006) - sculptor
  • Houshang A'lam (1928–2007) - scholar
  • Mahdi Ghalibafian (1935–2007) – scholar
  • Bagher Ayatollahzadeh Shirazi (1936–2007) - scholar
  • Akbar Radi (1939–2007) – playwright
  • Fereydun Adamiyat (1920–2008) – historian
  • Nader Ebrahimi (1936–2008) – writer
  • Massoud Azarnoush (1945–2008) – archeologist
  • Mehran Ghassemi (1977–2008) – journalist
  • Roza Montazemi (1921–2009) – author
  • Abolghassem Mas'udi (1930–2009) - journalist
  • Bijan Taraghi (1930–2009) - poet
  • Esmail Fasih (1935–2009) - writer
  • Enayatollah Reza (1920–2010) – scholar
  • Seifollah Kambakhsh-Fard (1929–2010) - archeologist
  • Rahim Rezazadeh Malek (1940–2010) - historian
  • Shokouh Mirfattah (1946–2010) – scholar
  • Iraj Afshar (1925–2011) – bibliographer and historian
  • Manouchehr Vesal (1913–2012) - scholar
  • Simin Daneshvar (1921–2012) – scholar and novelist
  • Ehsan Naraghi (1926–2012) – scholar
  • Parviz Rajabi (1939–2012) - scholar
  • Baqer Aqeli (1929–2013) - scholar
  • Mohammad-Ebrahim Bastani Parizi (1924–2014) - historian
  • Simin Behbahani (1927–2014) - poet

Artists[edit]

  • Javad Badizadeh (1902–1979) - musician
  • Esmail Adib Khansari (1901–1982) – musician
  • Hossein Gol-e-Golab (1895–1984) – poet and musician
  • Mahmoud Mahmoudi Khansari (1933–1987) - singer
  • Amanollah Tajik (1937–1987) - singer
  • Javad Maroufi (1912–1993) – musician
  • Abolhassan Sadighi (1894–1995) – painter and sculptor
  • Heshmat Sanjari (1918–1995) – composer and conductor
  • Hossein Sarshar (1934–1995) - singer and actor
  • Giti Pashaei (1940–1995) – singer
  • Changiz Shahvagh (1933–1996) - painter and sculptor
  • Jalil Ziapour (1920–1999) – painter
  • Rouhollah Emami (1940–1999) - film editor
  • Jahangir Malek (1933–2002) - musician
  • Asadollah Malek (1941–2002) - musician
  • Hadi Ameri (1913–2005) - composer and conductor
  • Jafar Petgar (1920–2005) - painter
  • Fereydoon Nasseri (1930–2005) - conductor
  • Ali Akbar San'ati (1916–2006) - painter and sculptor
  • Ali Tajvidi (1919–2006) – musician
  • Babak Bayat (1946–2006) - musician
  • Fakhereh Saba (1920–2007) – opera singer
  • Hamid Qanbari (1924–2007) - singer
  • Elaheh (1934–2007) - singer
  • Parviz Yahaghi (1936–2007) – composer
  • Ghorban Soleimani (1920–2008) – musician and vocalist
  • Abbas Katouzian (1923–2008) – painter and artist
  • Khatereh Parvaneh (1929–2008) - singer
  • Nikol Faridani (1935–2008) – photographer
  • Shusha Guppy (1935–2008) – writer, editor and singer
  • Jazeh Tabatabai (1938–2008) – painter
  • Nami Petgar (1945–2008) - painter
  • Abbas Sakhaei (1953–2008) - actor and photographer
  • Faramarz Payvar (1933–2009) – musician
  • Hassan Shojaei (1941–2009) - singer
  • Mehdi Sahabi (1944–2009) – painter and sculptor
  • Parviz Meshkatian (1955–2009) – musician
  • Mohammad Nouri (1929–2010) – singer
  • Bahman Jalali (1944–2010) – photographer
  • [Andre Arzoumanian (1954–2010) – musician
  • Homayoun Khorram (1930–2013) – musician
  • Jalil Shahnaz (1921–2013) – musician

Actors/Actresses[edit]

  • Parviz Fanizadeh (1937–1979) – actor
  • Habibollah Bolour (1913–1982) - actor and wrestler
  • Mohammad Taghi Kahnamouei (1919–1983) - actor
  • Saber Atashin (1926–1987) - actor
  • Ezzatollah Moghbeli (1933–1988) - actor
  • Ezzatollah Vosough (1914–1991) - actor
  • Houshang Beheshti (1923–1991) - actor
  • Farhang Mehrparvar (1946–1994) - actor
  • Roghieh Chehreh Azad (1907–1995) - actress
  • Iran Daftari (1907–1996) - actress
  • Gholam-Hossein Naghshineh (1908–1996) – actor
  • Valiollah Khakdan (1923–1996) – art director
  • Jalal Moghaddam (1929–1996) - film director
  • Manouchehr Hamedi (1939–1996) - actor
  • Ali Hatami (1944–1996) – film director
  • Rouhangiz Saminejad (1916–1997) - actress
  • Jahangir Forouhar (1916–1997) – actor
  • Ali Tabesh (1925–1997) - actor
  • Ali Asghar Garmsiri (1911–2000) - actor
  • Mohammad Ali Fardin (1930–2000) – actor and wrestler
  • Nematollah Gorji (1926–2000) – actor
  • Jamileh Sheykhi (1930–2001) – actress
  • Mansour Valamaqam (1936–2001) - actor
  • Kanaan Kiani (1932–2002) - actor
  • Reza Jian (1949–2003) - actor
  • Mehdi Fat'hi (1939–2004) – actor
  • Manouchehr Nowzari (1925–2005) - actor
  • Fereydun Goleh (1942–2005) – film director
  • Ahmad Ghadakchian (1920–2006) – actor
  • Abdolali Homayun (1920–2006) - actor
  • Soroush Khalili (1937–2006) - actor
  • Vakhtang Nersi Korkia (1938–2006) - actor
  • Poopak Goldarreh (1971–2006) – actress
  • Garsha Raoufi (1933–2007) - actor
  • Esmail Davarfar (1932–2008) – actor
  • Khosrow Shakibai (1944–2008) – actor
  • Ahmad Aqaloo (1949–2008) - actor
  • Parvin Soleimani (1922–2009) – actress
  • Farrokh-Leqa Houshmand (1929–2009) - actress
  • Abbas Shabaviz (1929–2009) - actor
  • Ali Miri (1936–2009) - actor
  • Seifollah Daad (1955–2009) - film director
  • Peyman Abadi (1972–2009) - stuntman
  • Hamideh Kheirabadi (1924–2010) – actress
  • Niku Kheradmand (1932–2010) – actress
  • Mahin Shahabi (1936–2010) - actress
  • Mohammad Varshowchi (1925–2011) - actor
  • Mehri Vedadian (1936–2011) - actress
  • Hamid Samandarian (1931–2012) – theater director
  • Abdollah Boutimar (1933–2012) - actor
  • Touti Salimi (1954–2012) - actress
  • Asal Badiee (1977–2013) – actress

Athletes[edit]

Others[edit]

In addition to tombs of the royals, politicians, and other significant people, in the graveyard there are symbolic tombs for the perpetrators of the 1983 Hezbollah attacks on the U.S. Marine and French peacekeepers' barracks in Beirut and for the assassin of Anwar Sadat, Khalid Islambouli.[3] Similarly, a symbolic tomb was erected in the cemetery for Hezbollah member Imad Mughniyah, who was killed on 12 February 2008 in Damascus, Syria.[5]

Images[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Sahimi, Mohammad (3 February 2010). "The Ten Days That Changed Iran". PBS (Los Angeles). Retrieved 30 July 2013. 
  2. ^ Elaine Sciolino (21 February 2001). Persian Mirrors: The Elusive Face of Iran. Free Press. p. 56. ISBN 978-0-7432-1453-7. Retrieved 3 August 2013. 
  3. ^ a b Alfoneh, Ali (Winter 2007). "Iran's Suicide Brigades". Middle East Quarterly XIV (7): 37–44. Retrieved 8 August 2013. 
  4. ^ Scott Peterson (21 September 2010). Let the Swords Encircle Me: Iran--A Journey Behind the Headlines. Simon & Schuster. p. 701. ISBN 978-1-4165-9739-1. Retrieved 5 August 2013. 
  5. ^ Chalhoub, Elie (14 February 2012). "Imad Mughniyeh in Iran: The Stuff of Legends". Al Akhbar. Retrieved 4 August 2013.