Beigi, Begi, Germus
|Zone||Mirab (West) Welega|
|Elevation||1,673 m (5,489 ft)|
|Time zone||EAT (UTC+3)|
Beica (also called Beigi, Begi, Germus, Bega) is a town in southwestern Ethiopia. Located in the Mirab Welega Zone of the Oromia Region, the town has a latitude and longitude of with an elevation of 1673 meters above sea level. Beica is the administrative center of Begi woreda.
Beica has enjoyed telephone service since the 1930s. The school in Beica started in 1953 as an elementary school (grades one through six), and in 1975 was upgraded to a junior secondary school, also offering education in grades seven and eight. The town also hosted an unpaved airfield with regular flights by Ethiopian Airlines, now abandoned and in state of disrepair, and has postal service.
The Dutch explorer Juan Maria Schuver visited Beica during his first explorations between the White and Blue Niles (August 1881). He described the settlement as "a large village" that was recovering from a recent famine, but at the time of his visit "with extensive plantations of durra, maize, angolib (a species of edible, sweet durra-stalk) and cabbage. Every house had its small garden of tobacco, beans, yams and shieta, the minute red pepper."
By the 1930s, Beica had become the seat of Sheik Hojali, governor of Benishangul, and the major town of that region. Gold was reported to be found in the area. During the Italian occupation, the governor was Sheik Abd al-Khair.
When the Benishangul-Gumuz and Oromia regions were established in 1992, the two regions disputed ownership of Beica, both wanting ownership. Benishangul-Gumuz's claim was based on two assertions: the first one was that Beica and its the territory had been part of the domain of Sheik Hojele; the second was that the earliest known inhabitants of the area were the Mao and Kwama peoples, which were ethnic groups assigned to Benishangul-Gumuz. To resolve this dispute, the Transitional Government of Ethiopia organized a referendum in 1994; the majority of voters decided in favor of joining Oromia, and Beica was placed under that region later that year.
On 18 October 2006, Beica and Gidami were the setting for clashes between Muslims and Protestant Christians, resulting in 9 deaths, including the death of two Protestant preachers, and over 100 injured. In addition, 21 churches, one mosque, and dozens of houses were burned, leaving over 400 people homeless.
Based on 2005 figures from the Central Statistical Agency, Beica has an estimated total population of 6,106 of whom 3,033 were males and 3,073 were females. The 1994 census reported this town had a total population of 3,415 of whom 1,645 were males and 1,770 were females.
- "Local History in Ethiopia" The Nordic Africa Institute website (accessed 30 December 2007)
- Ralph Siebert, Kati Siebert, Klaus Wedekind, "Sociolinguistic Survey Report on Languages of the Asosa - Begi - Komosha Area, Part I", SIL International, 2002. (accessed 30 December 2008)
- Wendy James, Gerd Baumann and Douglas H. Johnson (ed. and trans.), Juan Maria Schuver's Travels in North East Africa (London: The Hakluyt Society, 1996), p. 48
- Ethiopia: A Country Study, "Other movements and Fronts", U.S. Library of Congress
- Asnake Kefale Adegehe, Federalism and ethnic conflict in Ethiopia: a comparative study of the Somali and Benishangul-Gumuz regions Department of Political Science, Faculty of Social and Behavioural Sciences, Leiden University, Doctoral thesis (2009), p. 225
- "Ethiopia: International Religious Freedom Report 2007" United States State Department website (accessed 22 May 2008)
- CSA 2005 National Statistics, Table B.4