Beijing–Baotou Railway

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Beijing–Baotou Railway
to Jingqin, Jingcheng,
Jingshan, and Fengsha railways
0 km Beijing North
4 km Qinghuayuan
11 km Qinghe
21 km Shahe
to Fengtai–Shacheng Railway
31 km ChangpingRailway Station
to Beijing–Tongliao Railway
40 km Nankou
Dongyuan
Juyongguan
Sanpu
Qinglongqiao, Qinglongqiao West
Badaling Tunnel
Badaling
Xibozi
70 km Kangzhuang
entering Hebei
Donghuayuan
Datong–Qinhuangdao Railway
G6 Beijing−Tibet Expressway
to Fengtai–Shacheng Railway
105 km Shacheng
114 km Xinbao'an
122 km Xibali
130 km Xiahuayuan District
143 km Xinzhuangzi
G109 Xuanhua–Datong Expressway
160 km Xuanhua
175 km Shalingzi
185 km Zhangjiakou South
195 km Zhangjiakou
Tongqiao River
Wanquan County
225 km Guoleizhuang
Dongyang River
Xiyang River
239 km Chaiguobu
253 km Xiwanbao
entering Shanxi
269 km Yongjiabao
Xiaoxiabao
287 km Tianzhen County
301 km Luowenzao
316 km Yanggao County
357 km Zhoushizhuang
to Datong–Qinhuangdao Railway
368 km Datong East
to Datong–Jungar Banner Railway
321 km Datong
to Daqin, Tongpu Railways
G55 Erguang Expressway
334 km Guashan
352 km Buziwan
entering Inner Mongolia
366 km Fengzhen
to Datong–Jungar Banner Railway
382 km Xin'anzhuang
402 km Hongshaba
417 km Togrog Ul
433 km Suji[disambiguation needed]
448 km Jining South
to Jining–Erenhot Railway
Hulu
455 km Basumu
480 km Maghetu
488 km Gujiabao
494 km Zhuozishan
508 km Fushengzhuang
523 km Sandaoying
536 km Qixiaying
547 km Minzu[disambiguation needed]
555 km Tobq
586 km Hohhot
Taigemu
Bikeqi
637 km Qasq
Taosihao
Sanbusu
Meidaizhao
809 km Salaqi
Gongjiban
Dongxing[disambiguation needed]
Guchengwan
Wanshuiquan
853 km Baotou East
to Baotou–Shiguai Railway
to Baotou–Shenmu Railway
869 km Baotou
to Baotou–Lanzhou Railway

The Beijing–Baotou Railway or Jingbao Railway (simplified Chinese: 京包铁路; traditional Chinese: 京包鐵路; pinyin: Jīngbāo Tiělù) is a 833 km railway from Beijing to Baotou, Inner Mongolia in China. It is a very important route in Northeast China.

The first section of this railway, the Imperial Peking–Kalgan Railway (now the "Jingzhang" Railway) was constructed between 1905 and 1909, connecting Beijing with Zhangjiakou (Kalgan). This section was the first railway designed and built by Chinese. The chief engineer is Jeme Tien Yow. He overcame the steep gradient near Badaling using a switchback. Due to his achievement in constructing this railway, Zhan (Jeme) is called the father of China's railways.

The railway was extended from Zhangjiakou to Hohhot by 1921 and to Baotou by 1923.

Even with the switchback, the gradient near Qinglongqiao railway station is still at 3.3%. In addition, travelling through the switchback is slow. A bypass route, Fengsha Railway, was built in the 1950s between Fengtai[disambiguation needed] and Shacheng along the Yongding river. This route was dropped by Zhan due to high construction cost. Before the 1990s, the Fengsha railway was mainly used to transport cargos, and the original Jingzhang railway was focused on the passenger transportation.Now,most of the trains coming from Baotou have changed to use Fengsha railway instead. The Qinglongqiao railway station, where the switchback is located, is the station serving the Great Wall near Badaling.

Both Jingbao railway and Fengsha railway are double track railways.

Stations and mileage[edit]

An express train travels the full distance in approximately 14 hours.

Major Station Mileage (km)
Beijing (北京) 0
Shacheng (沙城) 121
Xuanhua (宣化) 171
Zhangjiakou South (张家口南) 196
Datong (大同) 374
Jining south (集宁南) 501
Hohhot (呼和浩特) 659
Baotou (包头) 824

Gallery[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

Image of a train on Jingbao railway approaching Beijing