Beijing–Harbin Railway

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Beijing-Harbin Railway
Track gauge: 1,435 mm (4 ft 8 12 in)
Stations and structures
0 km Beijing
74 km Langfang
137 km Tianjin
177 km Tanggu
260 km Tangshan
331 km Luan County
400 km Beidaihe
422 km Qinhuangdao
550 km Xingcheng
622 km Jinzhou
685 km Goubangzi
727 km Dahushan
867 km Shenyang North
935 km Tieling
1053 km Siping
1107 km Gongzhuling
1169 km Changchun
1249 km Dehui
1411 km Harbin
An HXD3D train in Harbin.

The Beijing–Harbin or Jingha Railway (simplified Chinese: 京哈铁路; traditional Chinese: 京哈鐵路; pinyin: Jīnghā Tiělù) is the railway that connects Beijing with Harbin in Heilongjiang Province. It spans 1,249 km (776 mi). It is a very prominent route in the Manchurian Provinces of northeastern China.

History[edit]

Construction of the section between Tangshan and Tianjin began in 1881 as the Kaiping Tramway. This section is the second-oldest railway in China and the oldest still in use. (The oldest railway in China was the Woosung Railway in Shanghai, built in 1876 but dismantled and removed to Taiwan the next year.) Later this section was extended west to Beijing and east to Shanhaiguan. It was further extended to the east and reached Mukden (modern Shenyang) in Fengtian province (modern Liaoning) by 1912.

The railroad operated under or was known by several names, including:

  • the Imperial Railroad of North China,
  • the Guanneiwai Tielu (lit. "Shanhaiguan Inner & Outer Railway"),
  • the Peking–Mukden or Peiping–Mukden Railway,
  • the Jingfeng Tielu (from Beijing & Fengtian), and
  • the Beining Tielu (from Beiping & Liaoning).

Under the late Qing and during the early Republic, it was administered by and provided much of the revenue for the Ministry of Posts and Communications. It is now administered by the Ministry of Railways for the People's Republic of China.

The section from Shenyang to Harbin used to be a part of the South Manchuria branch of the Chinese Eastern Railway built by the Russian Empire from 1898 to 1902. Later, the section from Changchun to Shenyang became part of the Japanese South Manchuria Railway. There used to be no linking line between the Jingfeng Railway and the South Manchuria Railway. A bridge was built for the South Manchuria Railway to cross the Jingfeng Railway. The Huanggutun Incident took place on June 4, 1928 right at this bridge, several kilometers east of the Huanggutun railway station on Jingfeng railway. During the Japanese occupation of Manchuria (1931–1945), the Jingfeng railway and the south Manchuria railway was connected together. After 1949, the Jingfeng Railway and the Shenyang to Harbin section of the south Manchuria railway were altogether named as Jingha Railway.

Before 2007, the Beijing–Harbin Railway shared the route with the Beijing-Shanghai Railway from Beijing to Tianjin, and then to Qinhuangdao.

Current status[edit]

As of December 31, 2006, it uses the Beijing–Qinhuangdao Railway, the Qinhuangdao–Shenyang High-Speed Railway, and the Shenyang-Harbin portion of the Harbin-Dalian Railway.

Important cities en route[edit]

Mileage[edit]

Station Mileage
Beijing 0
Langfang, Hebei 74 km (46 mi)
Tianjin 137 km (85 mi)
Tangu 177 km (110 mi)
- Entering Hebei
Tangshan 260 km (160 mi)
Luan County 331 km (206 mi)
Beidaihe 400 km (250 mi)
Qinhuangdao 422 km (262 mi)
Shanhaiguan 438 km (272 mi)
- Entering Liaoning
Xingcheng 550 km (340 mi)
Jinzhou 622 km (386 mi)
Goubangzi 685 km (426 mi)
Dahushan 727 km (452 mi)
Shenyang North 867 km (539 mi)
Tieling 935 km (581 mi)
- Entering Jilin
Siping 1,053 km (654 mi)
Gongzhuling 1,107 km (688 mi)
Changchun 1,169 km (726 mi)
- Entering Heilongjiang
Harbin 1,411 km (877 mi)

See also[edit]

External links[edit]