Beijing Film Academy
|Beijing Film Academy|
|Chancellor||Professor Zhang Hui-Jun|
|Location||Haidian District, Beijing, China|
Beijing Film Academy (Chinese: 北京电影学院; pinyin: Běijīng Diànyǐng Xuéyuàn; abbreviated BFA) is a coeducational state-run higher education institution in Beijing, China. The film school is the largest institution specialising in the tertiary education for film and television production in Asia. The academy has earned international recognition for its achievements in film production.
Established in May 1950, the Beijing Film Academy was first named Performance Art Institution of the Film Bureau of the Ministry of Culture. During its first year, 38 students enrolled. For the next five years, the school was renamed thrice - Film School of the Film Bureau of the Ministry of Culture in July 1951, Beijing Film School in March 1953 and finally, Beijing Film Academy on June 1, 1956.
Upon its first establishment, the academy contained 2 schools - the School of Photography and the Animation School with the associated departments and their subsequent specialties. The Screenwriting Department was one of the earliest departments to be established at the academy in 1951.
Gradually, the academy expanded its number of schools and departments. On September 14, 1950, BFA offered its first undergraduate course in performing arts. The course attracted a class of 30 students, many of which were notable figures in film and television. Due to its success, BFA established the Performance Institute in June 1956. In 1952, BFA offered its first programs in sound recording. The Department of Sound Recording was officially founded in 1959. The Department of Sound Recording continued to grow throughout the years. In 1960, BFA's Department of Sound Recording and the School of Engineering were joined together. BFA began offering a two-year course in film and television production management in September 1955. Although the first class only graduated 28 students, the popularity of the course grew, and a Department of Management was formally established in 1987.
In 1966, the Cultural Revolution brought hardships for schools throughout the People's Republic of China. BFA was equally affected; many of its professors left the academy. However, in the beginning of 1976, after the end of the Cultural Revolution, many faculty members returned to BFA. By 1977, the academy had recovered from the Cultural Revolution. Finally, in 1978, the academy allowed new students to apply.
In 1989, the International School of the Academy was set up, along with the Information Research Center in October 1999. 
Individual departments have also developed recently. Major development of the screenwriting department was the establishment of a postgraduate course with Master's Degree in Screenwriting in 1985, followed by the construction of the undergraduate program on Film Theories in 1987. Further postgraduate courses for Ph.D. students in Screenwriting were set up in 2004.
The academy offers associate, bachelor, and master's degrees in many areas of film. BFA offers courses in script writing, film theory, film directing, film and television production, film acting, film and television art design, advertisements, animations, sound art, cinematography, photography, and entertainment management.
Courses other than the undergraduate and postgraduate studies are also offered. These are:
- Correspondence courses
- Night school courses
- Vocational courses
Schools and departments
Presently, there are five schools that make up the Beijing Film Academy:
- - annually accepts about 15 foreign graduate students
The seven departments and their twelve associated specialities are:
- Department of Art Direction
- Art design
- Department of Directing
- Film and television program production
- Film directing
- Department of Film Theory
- Analysis of film
- Department of Management
- Film production management and distribution
- Department of Photography
- Film image engineering
- Department of Screenwriting and Cinema Studies
- Film literature
- Department of Sound Recording
- Sound recording in films
The admission rate at Beijing Film Academy is one of the lowest in the country, as well as globally. Admission is extremely competitive. Over 100,000 students apply annually to participate in entrance exams. Only 400-500 students are accepted. The majority of the admissions process takes place in February and March. The entrance examinations include subject tests as well as the National Humanities Examination. Prospective acting majors usually have the most intense competition. [ International students looking to study at Beijing Film Academy may apply through the International Training Center. In 2013, the Academy will conduct its first undergraduate film production program in English. This program will be conducted by the Cinematography department with a focus on cinematography, directing and post-production.
Students at Beijing Film Academy live in single or double rooms.
One of Beijing Film Academy's strengths is its vast amount of facilities and state-of-the-art equipment. Facilities and research centers present at the BFA include:
- Audiovisual Publications Publishing House
- BFA Library
- Digital Art and Technology Research Center
- Editorial Board of the BFA Journal
- Film and Television Experimental Laboratory
- Television Program Production Center
- Theoretical Studies Center
- Youth Film Studio
- The youth film studio is the site of many faculty and student productions. Over 70 films have been produced there since the studio opened in 1979. Films produced at the studio have won local, national, and international awards. Additionally, the youth film studio is a center where many international films are dubbed.
For over 40 years, graduates of BFA have won national and international acclaim for their contributions to film and television. Their notable alumni include directors, producers, screenwriters, as well as actors and actresses.
BFA's older famous graduates mostly consist of fourth-generation, fifth-generation, and sixth-generation directors. The most well-known fourth-generation directors include Wu Tianming, Wu Yigong, Teng Wenji, and Zhang Nuanxin. The three best-known fifth-generation directors all graduated from BFA (Tian Zhuangzhuang, Chen Kaige, and Zhang Yimou). Other famous Chinese filmmakers include Xie Tian, Chen Qiang, Yu Yang[disambiguation needed], Wu Yigong, Huang Shuqin, Wu Tianming, Xie Fei, Hu Mei, Zheng Dongtian, Ni Zhen, Ding Yinmeng, Li Qiankuan, Cao Cuifen, Huang Jianxin, and Wei Lian. Finally, notable sixth-generation directors include Jia Zhangke, Wang Xiaoshuai, and Zhang Yuan.
The majority of famous recent graduates are actors and actresses, as well as a few directors. Modern Chinese-American filmmaker Dayyan Eng, who has won awards at the Cannes Film Festival and Venice Film Festival, transferred to Beijing Film Academy. Xu Jinglei, a well-known actress and director, graduated from BFA in 1997. The Performance Institute's class of 2000 included three students who later became extremely popular actors: Zhao Wei, Huang Xiaoming, and Chen Kun. Other graduates include famous actresses Liu Yifei, Dai Xue'er, Jiang Wenli, Jiang Qinqin, and Zheng Shuang.
- Introduction to Beijing Film Academy. Retrieved 9 August 2006.
- Beijing Film Academy China International Culture Association. 24 September 2003. Retrieved 28 July 2006.
- Development Performance Institute of Beijing Film Academy. Retrieved 14 August 2006.
- The Way Past Beijing Film Academy. Retrieved 14 August 2006.
- with Professor Zhang Hui-jun, President of the Beijing Film Academy Harvard Asia Quarterly. Volume VII, No. 3, 2003. Retrieved 29 July 2006.
- Interview with Professor Zhang Hui-jun, President of the Beijing Film Academy Harvard Asia Quarterly. Volume VII, No. 3, 2003. Retrieved 14 August 2006.
- Beijing Film Academy's Youth Studio. Retrieved 9 August 2006.