Beijing Institute of Technology
|Beijing Institute of Technology|
Motto in English
|(lit.) Developing virtues for seeking truth; Pursuing study for perfecting practice.|
|Campus||Urban 4,734 ha|
|Website||Official website (Chinese)
Beijing Institute of Technology (BIT) (simplified Chinese: 北京理工大学; traditional Chinese: 北京理工大學), is a co-educational public university, located in Beijing, China. Established in 1940 in Yan'an, the university is now under the direct administration of the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology.
As a member university of National Key Universities, “Project 211” and “Project 985”, it has been given priority for development from the Chinese government, the Commission of Science, Technology and Industry for National Defense, the Ministry of Education (MOST) and the Beijing Government.
Early history (1940-1952)
BIT it is the first science and engineering university founded by the Chinese Communist Party. The predecessor of BIT is the Yan'an Academy of Natural Sciences, which was founded in January 1940. In 1943, the Yan'an Academy of Natural Sciences was merged into the Yan'a University as the Yan'an Academy of Natural Sciences (延安大學自然科學院). In January 1946 and January 1947, the academy merged with the Shanxi-Chahar-Hebei Border Industrial Vocational School (晉察冀邊區工業專門學校), and the Shanxi - Chahar - Hebei border Industrial Traffic College (晉察冀邊區工業交通學院), respectively. In 1948, the academy became part of the North China University as the School of Engineering. Several science and engineering departments of the Sino-French University (中法大學) were merged into the school in 1950.
In 1951, the school was separated from the North China University. However, according to the discipline adjustments policy of the Chinese government, some departments were terminated and transferred to other universities. For example, the Biology Department was transferred to the China Agricultural University. Part of the Aerospace Science Department was transferred to support the newly founded Beijing University of Aeronautics and Astronautics.
In 1952, the school was renamed as the Beijing Institute of Technology (北京工业学院).
Milestone events after 1952
In 1959, BIT was designated by the Chinese government as one of the 16 national key universities, which were authorized to offer graduate degrees. In 1978, BIT was still designated as one of the 88 national key universities by the Chinese government, despite that most research was stopped during the Cultural Revolution from 1966 to 1976.
In 1984, BIT was chosen as one of the 25 national key universities to receive special supports from the Chinese government during the Seventh Five-Year Plan. In the same year, BIT was authorized as one of the first 22 Chinese universities to run graduate schools on trial. In 1988, the institution changed its Chinese name from "Institute" to "University" (北京理工大学), while the English name remained unchanged.
In 1991, BIT was chosen as one of the 14 national key universities to receive special supports from the Chinese government during the Eighth Five-Year Plan.
In December 1995, BIT was ratified by the Chinese government as one of the 15 first-tier "Project 211" universities.
In 1996, BIT became one of the first 32 Chinese universities to officially run graduate schools. In the same year, BIT was designated as one of the 27 national key universities during the Ninth Five-Year Plan. In 1999, BIT's undergraduate education was evaluated as "Excellent" in the assessment organized by the Chinese Ministry of Education. The university used to be administered by the Commission of Science, Technology and Industry for National Defense. After 2008, the university is administered by the new Ministry of Industry and Information Technology.
In 2000, BIT was the 10th university to be admitted into "Project 985", which gave prioritized supports to selected universities to develop into top domestic universities with international fame. In the same year, BIT was also designated as one of the top 22 universities in the "21st Century Education Promotion" plan during the Tenth Five-Year Plan.
The main campus of BIT is located in Weigongcun, near Zhongguancun, widely known as the Silicon Valley of China. There is a multitude of established international leading technology corporations which have offices in this neighborhood. The main campus has an area of 920,700 square meters, including a floor space of 724,000 square meters.
The Liangxiang campus, located in suburban Beijing, encompasses 2,000,000 square meters and hosts mainly undergraduate students. The Zhuhai campus in Guangdong Province spans 3,330,000 square meters. BIT also has satellite campuses in Xishan of suburban Beijing and Qinhuangdao of Hebei Province.
The university's residential areas spreads over 900,000 square meters.
BIT is an institution focusing on engineering education and research for decades, which also make it ranked top in China. While maintaining its traditional strength in engineering, BIT also pays great attention to the balanced development of other disciplines. BIT is now a multi-disciplinary university with comprehensive academic disciplines in engineering, science, management, humanities, economics, law, and pedagogy.
- Student demographics (as of the year 2010)
- Total Full-time students: 23,003
- Undergraduates: 14,010
- Master students: 5,504
- Doctoral students: 2,701
- International students: 426
The university has a range of degrees and programmes for international students, including reputable Chinese language courses and engineering degrees offered in English. As a result, there is a wide diversity of foreign students, from South Asia, Central Asia, Africa, Europe, North and South America, who study for both degree-grating and non-degree granting courses.
- Faculty and staff demographics (as of the year 2010)
- Total: more than 3,442
- Faculty: 1,953
- Fellows of Chinese Academy of Sciences or Chinese Academy of Engineering: 13
- Chang Jiang Scholars: 22
- Professors (including researchers and professorial senior engineers): 376
- Associate professors (including associate researchers and senior engineers): 906
- National experts with outstanding contributions: 18
- Outstanding junior scientists: 13
- Recipients of special subsidies from the central government: 251
- BIT also appointed 174 visiting professors, 38 advisory professors and 6 honorary professors in China, as well as 45 international visiting professors and 12 honorary international professors.
BIT is organized into 17 academic colleges, including 43 research institutes (or research centers).
- College of Information and Electronics
- College of Automation
- College of Photonics
- College of Mechanical and Vehicle Engineering
- College of Mechanical Electronics
- College of Chemical Engineering and Environmental Science
- College of Natural Science
- College of Humanities and Social Science
- College of Software
- College of Computer Science and Technology
- College of Foreign Studies
- College of Aerospace Science and Technology
- College of Material Science and Engineering
- College of Life Science and Technology
- College of Management and Economics
- College of Design Arts
- School of Law
Other schools and colleges:
- Graduate School
- School of Physical Education
- School of Continuing Education and Distance Learning
- School of Higher Vocational Studies
- Zhuhai College
- Qinhuangdao College
- Xishan branch
BIT has 16 national key disciplines, 25 ministry-level key disciplines. BIT offers Bachelor's degrees in 60 majors, Master's degrees in 144 majors, and Doctorate degrees in 62 majors. It also has 17 post-doctorate stations.
BIT is an important research institution for military technology and is famous for its contributions to the research and development of radar, missiles, firearms and armored combat vehicles. However, some of its research are not allowed to be disclosed and a great amount of the research work cannot be published.
BIT's traditional research strength lies in Electrical Engineering (now with the Chinese name of Information Engineering), Automation, Photonics, Mechanical Engineering, Vehicle Engineering, Aerospace Engineering and Chemical Engineering. Some of its emerging research areas are also developing fast in recent years, including Computer Science, Industrial Design, and Higher education research.
BIT has five national key laboratories (research centers), six national defense key laboratories (research centers), two MOST key laboratories (research centers) and four Beijing municipal key laboratories (research centers). It also has a national key science park. The annual research expenditure in 2004 was more than 620 million RMB.
Historically, BIT was widely considered by Chinese education officials among top 20 universities in China. In recent national level evaluations, BIT was among the first 15 universities to be designated into the "Project 211". It is also the 10th university to be designated into the prestigious "Project 985". BIT ranks top 500 in the QS World University Rankings(2014), 79th in QS Asian University Rankings (2014),39th in the BRICS University Rankings(2014) and 17th in Chinese University Rankings(2014).BIT's Engineering & Technology ranks top 7 among Chinese universities. According to the China Discipline Ranking conducted by the a research center affiliated with the China Ministry of Education, BIT ranks among top 10 nationally in the following ten disciplines:
- Weaponry Science and Technology: ranked 1st.
- Information Engineering: ranked 5th.
- Optical Engineering: ranked 5th.
- Aerospace Science and Engineering: ranked 5th.
- Mechanical Engineering: ranked 7th.
- Metallurgical Engineering: ranked 7th.
- Transportation and Traffic Engineering: ranked 9th.
- Instrument Sciences and Technology: ranked 10th.
- Automation Science and Engineering: ranked 10th.
- Chemical Engineering: ranked 10th.
Note: According to the ranking's classification of academic disciplines, BIT was evaluated in about 20 disciplines.
Established in 1940, the BIT library now consists of one main library and four branch libraries. Nine new branch libraries are in construction or planning.
The renovation of the main library was completed in 2006. The state-of-the-art building has an area of 25,509 square meters and is covered by wireless network. It now has a total collection of more than 3 million items, including 1.13 million electronic items.
The BIT Press was established in 1985 and has published more than 3,000 books. Most of the books published by BIT press are in the area of natural science and technology. The current director for the press is Yang Zhijian.
Among the 100,000 BIT alumni, there are 16 Fellows of Chinese Academy of Science or Chinese Academy of Engineering, more than 70 officials with rank higher than provincial governor, and more than 40 generals for Chinese military.
- Li Peng: former Premier of the People's Republic of China. Former Chairman of the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress (NPC) of the People's Republic of China (PRC).
- Liu Zhenqi: Chinese Air Force Marshal (ShangJiang).
- Ni Zhifu, former Vice Chairman of the National People's Congress of the People's Republic of China.
- Ye Xuanping, Vice-President of the Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference (CPPCC). Former Governor of Guangdong.
- Zeng Qinghong, former Vice-President of the People's Republic of China.
- Zou Jiahua, former Vice-Premier of the People's Republic of China.
- Wang Xiaomo, Winner of The State Preeminent Science and Technology Award of China, and also the only one attended college after 1949 among all winners till 2014, Father of Chinese Airborne early warning and control system.
- Duo Yingxian, Chinese "Kalashnikov" in assault rifle design.
- Huang Chunping, Director of Rocket System for the Shenzhou 5 Spacecarft.
- Mao Erke, Scientist of Radar signal processing.
- Peng Shilu, "Father of Chinese Nuclear Submarine".
- Wang Yue, Scientist in information system, information security and radar.
- Xie Guangxuan, Chief Designer of the Long March Rocket 3.
- Xu Gengguang, Scientist in bombing and explosives.
- Yang Dongping, Education reformer and TV producer.
- Zhou Liwei, Scientist in optical electronics.
BIT has several collegiate sports teams. Its football team is widely considered one of the best in Chinese collegiate football. The team won 4 out of 6 national champions from 2001 to 2006, when it participated in the Chinese University Football League. The BIT team also represented Chinese football team at the 2003 Summer Universiade Game and the 2005 Summer Universiade Game. After winning the promotion to the professional football league in 2006, the team has been participating in the professional Chinese Football Association Jia League.
The Eastern Athletic Field is the home field for Beijing Institute of Technology FC. Currently, it is mostly used for the team's home football games in Chinese Football Association Jia League. The field is also open to students and staff of BIT for sports.
- "Facts And Figures". Beijing Institute of Technology website. Retrieved 2013-01-21.
- No.11 in 2014 Chinese Technical University Ranking, 32 in General Chinese university ranking (CUAA)
- "北京理工大学简介". Beijing Institute of Technology website. Retrieved 2008-02-16.
- "China University Disciplines Ranking 2002-2004". Sina.com website. Retrieved 2008-02-16.
- "China University Disciplines Ranking 2006". China Education Online website. Retrieved 2008-02-16.
- "Introduction to the BIT Library". Beijing Institute of Technology website. Retrieved 2008-02-16.
- "Introduction to the BIT Press". Beijing Institute of Technology website. Archived from the original on 2007-09-05. Retrieved 2008-02-16.
- "Introduction to the BIT FC". Sina.com website. Retrieved 2008-02-22.
- Official website
- International Students Center
- Website of the BIT Press (Chinese)
- Website of the BIT Library (Chinese)