|• Arabic||بيت فجّار|
|• Also spelled||Bayt Fajjar (official)
Beit Fujar (unofficial)
|• Head of Municipality||Umar Abdel Aziz Taqatqa|
|• Jurisdiction||7,933 dunams (7.9 km2 or 3.1 sq mi)|
Beit Fajjar (Arabic: بيت فجّار) is a Palestinian town located eight kilometers south of Bethlehem in the Bethlehem Governorate, in the central West Bank. According to the Palestinian Central Bureau of Statistics, the town had a population of over 11,000 in 2007.
Beit Fajjar is believed to have been a camping area for the Islamic Caliph, Umar ibn al-Khattab. Beit Fajjar was mostly farmland until the 19th century, when it gradually transformed into an urban settlement. The residents trace their descent to a semi-nomadic family from the Hauran. The lands formerly belonged to the village of Buraikut. The site's high altitude was the highest point in the area and later the town expanded into other hills. During British rule in Palestine in the 1920s-1940s, Beit Fajjar was used as an observation point for the Bethlehem-Hebron area.Under the State of Israel, Beit Fajjar has never suffered from Israeli military curfews or closures, reportedly because of its importance as a cut-stone provider. 
The primary economic sectors are agriculture and stone-cutting. Beit Fajjar is a major player in the stone industry, supplying meleke, widely known as Jerusalem stone, used in the construction of buildings in Israel and the Palestinian territories.There are 138 stone production outlets in Beit Fajjar, out of 650 in the West Bank.
On 4 October 2010, a mosque in Beit Fajjar was attacked by arsonists, who doused carpets with kerosene and ignited them at approximately 3am local time. The attackers left a "Star of David symbol and the words 'Price Tag'" over the doorway; the slogan is associated with militant Israeli settlers, who Palestinian residents accused of responsibility for the attack. Gush Etzion is close to the village.
- 2007 PCBS Census Palestinian Central Bureau of Statistics. p.118.
- [Jerusalem and its environs: quarters, neighborhoods, villages, 1800-1948, Ruth Kark, Michal Oren-Nordheim]
- Beit Fajjar Centre for Cultural Heritage Preservation/
- UNRWA Case Study, March 2004
- Palestinians' stones cut both ways
- Korans burnt in West Bank mosque attack Reuters, 4 October 2010
- Beit Fajjar Town (Fact Sheet)
- Beit Fajjar Town Profile
- Beit Fajjar Areal Photo
- The priorities and needs for development in Beit Fajjar town based on the community and local authorities’ assessment