Beit Guvrin, Israel

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Beit Guvrin
Beit Guvrin.JPG
Region Lakhish
Affiliation Kibbutz Movement
Founded 1949
Founded by Former Palmach members

Beit Guvrin (Hebrew: בֵּית גֻּבְרִין, (lit. House of Men in Aramaic) is a kibbutz in the Lakhish region, west of the ancient city of Beit Guvrin, for which it is named. It is administered by the Yoav Regional Council. The kibbutz is 14 km east of Kiryat Gat and has a population of 340.[1]

History[edit]

Kibbutz Beit Guvrin was established in 1949, on the eve of Shavuot, by former Palmach members. It was built on the lands of the depopulated Palestinian village Bayt Jibrin, whose residents fled after a military assault by Jewish forces during the 1948 Arab-Israeli War.[2] The first residents were members of the "Yetzivim" youth group, which immigrated from Turkey in 1945, and the "Bnei Horin" youth group, which immigrated from Romania in 1946.

Economy[edit]

The economy was formerly based on chicken coops, cowsheds and field crops. BG Technologies is located on the kibbutz. Other kibbutz-run businesses are a banquet hall, a clothing and gift store, a jewelry store, a dental clinic and a public swimming pool.[3]

Landmarks[edit]

The kibbutz is surrounded by antiquities from the 1st century BC - 2nd-century CE town of Beit Guvrin, renamed Eleutheropolis, "the city of free men" by the Romans in 200 CE.[4] the Beit Guvrin-Maresha National Park is a popular tourist destination which includes Hellenistic-period caves with wall paintings, columbaria, a Roman city and ruins of a Crusader castle.

The area is surrounded by many Islamic shrines (maqam) like Nabi Jibrin, Sheikh Mahmoud, etc., but the holiest of them is Maqam Tamim al-Dari dedicated to a companion of Prophet Muhammad who had control over Hebron district which included the Cave of the Patriarchs. Today all the Muslim shrines are abandoned.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

Coordinates: 31°36′47.15″N 34°53′53.87″E / 31.6130972°N 34.8982972°E / 31.6130972; 34.8982972