Beit Iksa

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Beit Iksa
Other transcription(s)
 • Arabic بيت إكسا
 • Also spelled Beit Exa (official)
Bayt Iksa (unofficial)
View of Beit Iksa, 2011
View of Beit Iksa, 2011
Beit Iksa is located in the Palestinian territories
Beit Iksa
Beit Iksa
Location of Beit Iksa within the Palestinian territories
Coordinates: 31°49′05″N 35°10′50″E / 31.81806°N 35.18056°E / 31.81806; 35.18056Coordinates: 31°49′05″N 35°10′50″E / 31.81806°N 35.18056°E / 31.81806; 35.18056
Governorate Jerusalem
Government
 • Type Village Council
 • Head of Municipality Bajes Abud
Area
 • Jurisdiction 7,734 dunams (7.7 km2 or 3.0 sq mi)
Population (2006)
 • Jurisdiction 1,600
Name meaning "The house of Iksa"[1]
Website www.beitexa.com

Beit Iksa (Arabic: بيت إكسا‎; Hebrew: בית איכסא) is a Palestinian village in the Jerusalem Governorate, located 6 kilometers northwest of Jerusalem in the West Bank. Beit Iksa, a village of 1,600 inhabitants, was classified as "Area B" as a result of the Interim Agreement on the West Bank and the Gaza Strip in 1995. Since then, civil affairs have been under the control of the Palestinian National Authority, while security matters are handled by the Israel Defense Forces.[2]

Beit Iksa contains two primary schools run by the Palestinian National Authority. Students attending secondary school travel to Jerusalem or nearby towns for education.[2]

History[edit]

During the Crusader period, the village was known as Jenanara, according to its inhabitants.[3]

According to Charles Simon Clermont-Ganneau, he was informed in 1874 that the inhabitant belonged to the Banu Zayd tribe and that the village earlier had been named Umm el Ela.[4]

The village was incorporated into the Ottoman Empire in 1517 with all of Palestine and in 1596, it appeared under the name of Bayt Kisa in the tax registers as being in the Nahiya of Quds of the Liwa of Quds. It had a population of 79 households, all Muslim, and paid taxes on wheat, barley, olive trees, vineyards, fruit trees, orchard, goats or bee hives, and a press for olives or grapes.[5]

In 1841 a local leader, Abd al-Qadir al-Khatib, built an Ottoman castle located in the southern part of the village, while one of his brother built a smaller version five years later.[6]

In 1863, the French explorer Victor Guérin passed by the village and was told it had 300 inhabitants. He noted that the surroundings were cultivated with vines and olive trees.[7] An Ottoman village list of about 1870 showed that "Bet Iksa" had 70 houses and a population of 147, though the population count included only men.[8] In 1883, the Palestine Exploration Fund's Survey of Western Palestine described it as a "village of moderate size, with stone houses, and a well on the north, near which is the sacred tree of Neby Leimun. There are a few olives round the village."[9]

In 1945, Bein Iksa had a population of 1,410, all Arabs, with 8,179 dunams of land, according to an official land and population survey.[10] Of this, 1,427 dunams were plantations and irrigable land, 2,690 used for cereals,[11] while 43 dunams were built-up land.[12]

In April 1948, most of the villagers fled following the fall of Deir Yassin and the Haganah entered the village destroying many buildings.[13]

Population[edit]

According to the Palestinian Central Bureau of Statistics (PCBS), Beit Iksa had a population of approximately 1,600 inhabitants in mid-year 2006.[14] From the population, over 80% are Palestinian refugees.[2]

In a census conducted in 1922 by the British Mandate authorities, "Bait Iksa" had a population of 791, all Muslims,[15] increasing in the 1931 census to a population of 1003, still all Muslims, in 221 houses.[16]

According to the land researcher Sami Hadawi, the population grew to 1,410 in 1945. However, following Israel's victory in the 1967 Six-Day War, Beit Iksa counted 633 inhabitants, due to the number of residents that fled the village. Most of the village's inhabitants hold Palestinian ID cards and live in Beit Iksa's built-up area of 417 dunams or 5.4% of the village's total land area of 7,734 dunams.[17]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Palmer, 1881, p. 286
  2. ^ a b c Village Profiles: Profile of Beit Iksa, Jerusalem United Nations Relief and Works Agency. January 2004.
  3. ^ Clermont-Ganneau, 1899, vol. 1, p. 479
  4. ^ Clermont-Ganneau, 1896, vol. 2, p. 42
  5. ^ Hütteroth and Abdulfattah, 1977, p. 121.
  6. ^ Sharon, 1999, p. 105 ff.
  7. ^ Guérin, 1868, p. 256
  8. ^ Socin, 1879, p. 146
  9. ^ Conder and Kitchener, 1883, p. 8
  10. ^ Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in S. Hadawi, Village Statistics, 1945. PLO Research Center, 1970, p. 56
  11. ^ Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in S. Hadawi, Village Statistics, 1945. PLO Research Center, 1970, p. 101
  12. ^ Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in S. Hadawi, Village Statistics, 1945. PLO Research Center, 1970, p. 151
  13. ^ Morris, Benny (1987) The birth of the Palestinian refugee problem, 1947-1949. Cambridge University Press. ISBN 0-521-33028-9. pp.114,158
  14. ^ Projected Mid -Year Population for Jerusalem Governorate by Locality 2004- 2006 Palestinian Central Bureau of Statistics (PCBS)
  15. ^ Barron, 1923, Table VII, Sub-district of Jerusalem, p. 14
  16. ^ Mills, 1932, p. 38
  17. ^ Beit Iksa village loses its lands for the Israeli Segregation Wall Applied Research Institute - Jerusalem

Bibliography[edit]

External links[edit]