Beitar Jerusalem F.C.

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Beitar Jerusalem F.C.
Beitarjerusalemnewlogo.png
Full name Beitar Jerusalem Football Club
Nickname(s) The Menorah
The Flag of the State
Lions from the Capital
Founded 1936; 78 years ago (1936)
Ground Teddy Stadium, Jerusalem
Ground Capacity 34,000
Owner Eli Tabib
Manager Meni Koretski
League Israeli Premier League
2013–14 7th
Current season

Beitar Jerusalem Football club (Hebrew: מועדון כדורגל בית"ר ירושלים‎; Moadon Kaduregel Beitar Yerushalayim) is an Israeli professional football club from Jerusalem and a member of the Israeli Premier League.

The club is based at the Teddy Stadium in the Malha neighborhood, and plays in black and yellow.

Contents

History[edit]

Until 1948[edit]

Beitar Jerusalem was founded by David Horn (born 1916) as a youth team in 1936.[1] The first games were held against Armenian and Arab teams in Jerusalem, while Hapoel Jerusalem stayed away because of political hate against Beitar Jerusalem. The club was dismantled in 1938 after one of its managers was arrested by the British Mandate authorities and another was shot and injured in another incident. Beitar's troubles were linked to its close connections with the Irgun underground with which David Horn and players were associated. In 1942, the club was founded once again, this time as an adult club, and Shmuel Kirshtein joined the management. Politics again became a problem, with British soldiers and policemen often attending Beitar games to spy and identify the faces of the players.

Jerusalem Cup Games of 1944[edit]

  • 15 April 1944 Beitar Jerusalem – Plebis 1:1.
  • 22 April 1944 Beitar Jerusalem – Plebis 2:2.
  • 13 May 1944 Beitar Jerusalem – Plebis 3:2.
  • 20 May 1944 Beitar Jerusalem – Allwain 1:3.[2]

Later, Beitar Jerusalem qualified for the final, which was to be held against the team of the "Paymasters" of the British mandate. The fans of rival Hapoel Jerusalem caused a sabotage, the games were interfered and the "Jerusalem Cup remained in the hands of the politicians in Tel Aviv",[3] as it was told years later by Shmuel Kirshtein.

Exile[edit]

On 19 October 1944, several club players were among 251 persons who were deported to Eritrea, Kenya and Sudan by the British Mandate Authorities. Among the deportees were David Horn and Rabinovich and some members of Beitar Jerusalem's "First team of 1936." A Beitar Jerusalem team was set up in Gilgil where many deportees played in city-of-origin based teams. A big running away plan was made involving a tunnel dug from the centre of a football pitch in old Gilgil detention camp in Kenya. Two of the deportees were murdered by Sudanese guards for an alleged "escaping attempt". Six succeeded in reaching Europe. All living deportees reached Israel in July 1948.

November 1944 A trip to Lebanon and Syria[edit]

With Shmuel Kirshtein left in Jerusalem, Beitar continued to exist in Jerusalem in its name. When a joint team of Beitar Jerusalem and Beitar Tel Aviv visited Lebanon and Syria, they played one game vs. Homantan, an Armenian team which ended in 0–0 and another game vs. French Army team which they lost 2–5. Both games were held in Beirut. Another game, planned to be held in Halab, was cancelled because of a Diplomatic incident: Arab delegates in a hotel opposed to see an "Eretz Yisrael"'s[4] flag in an Arab country. The British ambassador intervened, suggested that the Union Jack will be raised instead of "Eretz Yisrael"'s,[5] But head of delegation Hayyim Levin opposed and caused the cancellation of the game. Simon Alfasi, Shimon Stern, Yisrael Yehezqel and Goalkeeper Yosef Meyuhas were Beitar Jerusalem players in the trip.[6]

British-Mandate-era Cup[edit]

In 1946, Beitar Jerusalem qualified to the 2nd round of the cup games, vs. Maccabi Tel Aviv F.C. Scores: draw 3–3 and a loss 3–2. Simon Alfasi scored all five goals for the club.

Detentions – Ban – Name change to "Nordia Jerusalem"[edit]

Beitar's players were victims of the British Mandate authorities. Shmuel Kirshtein had to fulfill the needs of the players when they were routinely detained and incarcerated in Latrun detention camp. On 8 August 1947, all Beitar clubs were banned by the British mandate authorities. The club name was changed to "Nordiah Jerusalem", before a local league was set up in Jerusalem district in November 1947. On 15 November 1947, Beitar as "Nordiah Jerusalem" won the first derby, 3–1 over Hapoel Jerusalem, and on 29 November 1947, a second win was achieved, 8–1 over Degel Zion when one player Simon Alfasi scored six goals in a game, the record for any Beitar Jerusalem's player including now, 28 August 2013. The club led the league on 29 November 1947, on the same evening when UN GA Resolution 181 was proclaimed, and on 30 November 1947 the games were stopped abruptly: on that day the 1948 Arab–Israeli War broke out. During the war, Beitar Jerusalem player Asher Benjamin was killed by the British when he entered to a British camp in Jerusalem.

First Years after 1948[edit]

After independence in 1948, Beitar, again by its original name, played since 1949–50 season in a "Special League" of "Jerusalem's district", ending in 5th place while achieving a win of 8–0 over Hapoel Ramla on 17 December 1949, the highest league win of Beitar Jerusalem in any league the club played. In 1951–1952 season, the club integrated into Liga Bet southern part, then the second tier. In 1953–54 the club won the southern division of Liga Bet, and were promoted to the top league, which had just been renamed Liga Leumit. In their first season in the top flight they finished 11th out of 14, and were forced to participate in promotion/relegation play-offs. Although they were the highest-placed club to take part in the play-offs, they finished at the bottom of the group,[7] Beitar were relegated back to the second league, now renamed Liga Alef.

In 1957–58 they won Liga Alef, but were not promoted, as there was no promotion or relegation that year.

The two-year season[edit]

They won Liga Alef again in 1966–68 (a two-year season) and were promoted back to Liga Leumit. That was the best league season ever for Beitar Jerusalem, although it was winning the 2nd division "only". 104 points out of possible 120, for a season of 60 games when two points were given for winning a game. The club had 32 no-lose-games in a row with a sequence of 19 wins starting by the 42nd game to the 60th game inclusive, the record of Beitar Jerusalem in any league,[8] scoring 161 league goals. 225,000 spectators saw the club games in that season. The prize that the club management gave to the players was a trip to the United States of America.

After finishing thirteenth in 1968–69, Beitar finished fifth in 1969–70, their best performance to date. Two seasons later they finished as runners-up to Maccabi Tel Aviv.

In 1974, during a match against Hapoel Petah Tikva, Beitar fans invaded the pitch and attacked Petah Tikva players and fans. This caused the first of several "radius" penalties, in which the club was forced to play matches in other cities behind closed doors. Beitar were also due to be relegated, but were saved by the intervention of Knesset members Ehud Olmert and Yossi Sarid, who forced the suspension of the relegation threat and called for an investigation of Israel Football Association corruption. In 1974–75 the club reached the State Cup final for the first time, but lost 3–1 to Hapoel Kfar Saba.[9] In the same season they finished second bottom of the league, and were due to be relegated to Liga Alef. However, an IFA decision to expand the league from 16 to 18 clubs saw them reprieved.

"A Menorah on the shirt and football from Brazil"[10][edit]

Beitar Jerusalem old logo which included the old version of the Menorah and the two lions that symbolized the Tribe of Judah

The next season they finished runners-up in the league to Hapoel Be'er Sheva and reached the State Cup final again, this time beating Maccabi Tel Aviv 2–1 to claim their first piece of major silverware, on 16 June 1976, 55000 or 60000 spectators saw the game in an overcrowded Ramat-Gan Stadium. Danny Noyman and Uri Malmilian Scored for Beitar Jerusalem.[11][12] On 11 September 1976, the club won the Israeli Super Cup for the first time after beating Hapoel Beer Sheva 3-2. Uri Malmilian scored two goals and David Yishai scored another goal for Beitar Jerusalem.

The club finished as runners-up in 1977–78.

1978–1979 Season: The Second State Cup[edit]

In 1978–79, the club ended as a runner-up also reached the cup final winning 2–1 against Maccabi Tel Aviv, on 6 June 1979. Danny Noyman and Yossi Avrahami scored for Beitar Jerusalem, to win the State Cup for the 2nd time.

1979–1980 Crisis[edit]

Despite the run of success towards the end of the 1970s, the club was dependent mainly on Uri Malmilian's ability. Early in the Season he suffered an awful injury, that made him crippled with the need of three operations until 1981, he missed the most of the games until the summer of 1981. Beitar finished bottom of the division in 1979–80, and were relegated to Liga Artzit. However, they made an immediate return to the top division after finishing as runners-up to Beitar Tel Aviv in their first season back in the second tier.

The YMCA affair of 12 September 1981 and its aftermath[edit]

The 1981–82 started with a remembered sports disaster for the club. On 12 September 1981, a referee named Avraham Klein gave a win to Maccabi tel aviv F.C. in a series of a wrong decisions: Cancelled a goal of Beitar Jerusalem's player Yaron Adiv when he and Beitar's players celebrated the goal, allowing seconds after to Maccabi player Moti Ivanir to score a goal from an offside position. A crowd of 8000 Beitar Jerusalem's fans went crazy. The Israeli Football Association quickly decided to punish Beitar Jerusalem and discussed the so-called "football game" for six weeks before stating to leave the outcome as 2–1 win to Maccabi Tel Aviv, and filing a reprimand about Avraham Klein.[13] Also the next game of Beitar Jerusalem is remembered: on 19 September 1981, a player of Hapoel Be'er Sheva, Shalom Avitan hit his team mate Eli Vaitzman on his face, and Hapoel Be'er Sheva coach entered the pitch, took Shalom Avitan by his hand out of the pitch and prevented showing a red card by the referee. Beitar Jerusalem won 2–0. Later, with Eli Ohana in his first season, Beitar Jerusalem improved its games, ending the season in the 6th place, and to the delights of its fans, Maccabi tel aviv F.C. ended that season in the 8th place.

The "Crazy Season"[14] of 1982–1983[edit]

The season of 1982–83 is remembered as the "Crazy Season": A bad start of two draws and two losses caused the firing of the coach Eliahu ofer without stopping his salary payments, and he said "They will ask me to come back". After changing of seven Management members and five coaches, Eliahu ofer was asked to come back and he came back to be a coach in mid-season, the club was in 16th and last place for two weeks but recovered: from the 18th game to 29th game inclusive, 12 no-lose-sequence of games, Beitar ended the season in the 8th place. This is a place to explain that traditionally as a Beitar movement branch, the club was managed by Heruth and later Likud parties members. Party members where appointed by party apparatus to the party representative football club managers to give them a managing training before they ever venture to carry out political duties. that state lasted until 1999. Some of the managers are ever remembered for good reasons who held Beitar well, such as Reuven Rivlin and his Brother Eliezer Rivlin, but Yossi Zharzhervski left the club after his well remembered brawl with Uri Malmilian when Zharzhevski told Malamilian in the midst of the troubles of 1982–83 season: "I will burn your legs". As A fan said "Within 3 days Zharzhevski will not be in Beitar", and the fan was proved right. Uri Malmilian was referred by Beitar fans as a saint and was given full support. On the third day Zharzhevski resigned.

Crisis of 1983–1984 season[edit]

In 1983–84 Beitar went into the 29th out of 30 games of the season needing a win or draw[15] to be closee the title. However, they lost 1–3 to Hapoel Tel Aviv, allowing Maccabi Haifa to win the league, despite Beitar won the last game 3–2 over Shimshon Tel Aviv, Maccabi Haifa won 1–0 over Maccabi Ramat Amidar and became a champion.

The 3rd State Cup[edit]

In 1984–85 beitar finished again as runner-up, and won the State Cup for the third time, winning 1–0 over Maccabi Haifa on 4 June 1985. Eli Ohana scored, after which coach David Shveizer left.

Two titles of 1985–86 season[edit]

In 1985–86, in the summer of 1985, Dror Kashtan took over as manager. Almost immediately the club won Lilian cup on 10 September 1985 for the first and only time, after winning all four of its games by an overall scores of 14–2. Asher Sason scored six goals, at least one goal in each game. Beitar Jerusalem finished the league in the 4th place.[9] They retained the cup in 1985–86, beating Shimshon Tel Aviv 2–1, on 27 May 1986. This was the 4th time that the club won the State Cup. Eli Ohana and Uri Malmilian scored for Beitar Jerusalem.

The 2nd Israeli Super Cup[edit]

On 16 September 1986, Beitar Jerusalem won the Israeli Super Cup for the 2nd time, after winning 2–1 over Hapoel Tel-Aviv. Eli Ohana and Uri Malmilian Scored for Beitar Jerusalem.

Dror Kashtan created the first championship[edit]

Despite having to play all home matches at Bloomfield Stadium in Tel Aviv, in 1986–87 Beitar claimed their first championship on 2 May 1987, winning the league by a 15-point margin.[7] Both Uri Malmilian and Eli Ohana scored 15 league goals Each. Sami Malkah scored 13 league goals to make his best season of his career, Gary Van Der Mullen became the ace card and secured eight league points by scoring five league goals in about 17 games, most of them as a substitute. On 3 May 1987 a reporter of Maariv wrote: "I saw the disappointment-full crowds frenzied out of happiness, it is a thing that cannot be described in words." Dror Kashtan's "Coronation Speech" lasted only 36 seconds.

Eliahu Ofer entered into history[edit]

Kashtan left the club to manage Maccabi Haifa. Eliahu Ofer became the coach. In 1987–88 Beitar Jerusalem ended in the 9th place, and on the end of the league the club won the Israeli Mini Football championship for the first time on 24 May 1988 after winning over Bnei Yehuda 5–3. That was the first and the last time ever that a nationwide mini football tournament was held in Israel. 24 teams took part. Beitar Jerusalem came to win, and did it. The tournament was held in Malha Stadium in a hall regularly used for Basketball games. Uri Malmilian acted as the owner of the place and was the tournament star. Eliahu Ofer finally won a title with Beitar Jerusalem.

The 5th State Cup[edit]

Kashtan returned in 1988. In 1988–89 they won the State Cup again. Uri Malmilian scored seven goals on his way to winning the trophy. The club beat Maccabi Haifa 4–3 on penalties after a 3–3 draw on 14 June 1989. Uri Malmilian scored one goal, and Avi Cohen[16] of Jerusalem scored two goals in the game and one goal in the penalties shootout, both in their last game before leaving Beitar Jerusalem. Moshe Ben Harush, Hannan Azulay and Ya'akov Schwartz were the other scorrers of the penalties shootout, Beitar Jerusalem players did not miss. Two of Maccabi Haifa players missed. That was the 5th winning of the club in the State Cup Kashtan left the club again during 1989.

Two very hard seasons[edit]

The 1989–90 was a survival struggle, it became a success by winning the last league game, 3–2 over Maccabi Nethanya. Each of three scorers scored their first and only goal in the whole season. Goram Ajoyev a Tadjik player who came from Russia got sympathy among fans for his games despite scoring only one goal. That goal secured a good end to that season. The Bulgarian Atanas Pashev was the season star. Four league goals made him the top scorer of the club, one-fifth of the 20 league goals that Beitar Jerusalem players scored during that sseason, but he was attributed that his goals literally saved the club from being relegated.

In 1990–91 they finished second bottom of Liga Leumit, and were relegated to Liga Artzit.

The expert of the 2nd league: Lufa Kadosh[edit]

Under Lufa Kadosh[17] the club made an immediate return to the top division. Eli Ohana returned from Europe as ever since regarded as a man who came to save his club. He scored 17 league goals in that season. The club won 1st place in a margin of nine league goals over Hapoel Haifa, both had 60 league points, and both were promoted.

Dror Kashtan created 2nd championship[edit]

Kashtan returned to the club, winning on 1 May 1993, the 2nd time championship in their first season back in Liga Leumit, the club won 22 league games out of 33 setting a winning record in the 1st division and 71 points, also a record during one 1st division league season for Beitar Jerusalem. Eli Ohana and Ronen Harazi where the championship stars. On 16 March 1993, in the State Cup games, the club set its all-time record in any tournament with a 9–0 win over Beitar Ramla.

Liga Leumit 1993–94[edit]

This season ended when the score of the club was 75–66 (+9) but yielded almost nothing positive. Kashtan departed for a fourth time.

A "Swing Season"[edit]

The coach Amazia levkovitch came and the season of 1994–95 started bad, he was fired after four games, replaced by Yossi Mizrahi, the club started in the 16th and last place, reached to 1st place and ended in 8th place, meanwhile achieving a win of 8–1 over Maccabi Herzliya on 22 October 1994, the highest win ever of Beitar Jerusalem in the first league games.

1995–97 the first term of Eli Cohen (born 1951) and the 3rd championship[edit]

In Liga Leumit 1995–96 with the appointment of Eli Cohen (born 1951), the club had an Improved season ending in the 3rd place.

The club won the championship title for the 3rd time in 1996–97 on 17 May 1997. On its way The club gained eight straight wins and after that within the season nine wins in a row. This is a record in Beitar Jerusalem games in the 1st league games. Eli Ohana, Ronen Harazi and Yitzhaq Zohar where the championship stars. at the seasons ended, Eli Cohen said: "Two years in Beitar are equal to five years elsewhere." His contract ended and he left.

A special double: A Toto Cup and A Championship[edit]

In 1997–98, Beitar Jerusalem won the Toto Cup for the 1st time on 23 December 1997 by winning 3–1 over Maccabi Tel-Aviv and later in that season won the 4th championship on 9 May 1998, by which time Kashtan had returned to the club again. Despite Yitzhaq Zohar left and Eli Ohana suffered an injury in the seventh game without playing until the end, Istvan Pisont became the right man in the right time and the right place to lead the club to win an achievement only preceded by Maccabi Haifa in 1994.

In 1998–99 Beitar reached the cup final, but lost 3–1 on penalties to Hapoel Tel Aviv after a 1–1 draw.

Yaakov Ben Gur investment[edit]

Director Moshe Dadash could not carry the club alone. The Involvement of Likud party diminished to that of Ehud Olmert alone. On 6 October 1999 Beitar was sold for the first time to Yaakov Ben Gur. Kashtan was replaced by former player Eli Ohana, under whom the club reached the cup final again the following season, where they lost on penalties to Hapoel Tel Aviv again. Yaakov Ben Gur left over a brawl with Eli Ohana and the team was sold to Gad Zeevi.

Ninety surprising minutes on top of Europe and a league fiasco[edit]

At the end of the 1990s the club was in severe financial difficulties; chairman Moshe Dadash had sold the club's training grounds and pocketed the money. Gad Zeevi brought the money to buy ten new players in almost unlimited prices and salaries. At the end of the 1999–2000 season, Ohana was fired and replaced by Eli Guttman. Guttman started the 2000–01 well, by 18 games without a loss, and won also the Shalom Cup (Roma) – Peace Cup In Rome on 10 September 2000 when the club beat Alwaqass from Jordan 7–0 in a game which lasted 45 minutes. Later in the same evening beitar won 1–0 over AS Roma in another 45 minutes game, and won its first and only title out of Israel.[18] some days later Beitar lost 1–3 to P.A.O.K. F.C. in UEFA Cup tournament in Greece. The next game with P.A.O.K. F.C. ended in 3–3 draw. Moshe Dadash was forced to leave by Israel Football Association over his juristic problems exposed in 2001 concerning the training pitch in Bayit Vegan. The real trouble was exposed by an Israeli court in 2005. Later the season ended in a fiasco, both on the pitch and financially, Guttman became sick and left after 22 league games, and Nissim Bakhar the winner of two titles in 1976 returned, and brought quiet to the team till the season ended. In the later years Eli Guttman and players were accused by fans and media in cheating Gad Zeevi and capitalizing over his expense, concerning the real prices and salaries of some players, especially Branko savic and Milan Stoyanoski. Gad Zeevi got troubles with Israeli police over Bezeq shares, and found Beitar Jerusalem "Financially Unworthy" and left beitar, applying to a court to declare Beitar's bankruptcy.

Heroic struggle in 2001–02 season[edit]

The club bankruptcy that was declared by a court caused appointing 'Ami Fulman as an interim director by the court until club debts will be settled. 'Ami Fulman and his assistant got a salary of 1 million NIS together and the club was given a budget of 5 million NIS. The previous season players were convinced to get only 25% of their contracted salaries, and whoever agreed about it joined the Creditors Arrangement. The club started to search for players and new owner(s) and fans took active part in it, filling the courtroom in every discussion about the club, and some opened a bank account for donations. Its number was known to few[19] only 54,000 NIS were collected. Beitar Jerusalem was not allowed to play the first three games, they were postponed. The club started to play only from the 4th game onward, losing the 4th, 5th, 6th games, got draws in the next three games and won for the 1st time in club's 7th game vs. Hapoel Rishon LeZion. Meanwhile, New buyers were approved by the court. Meir Panijel, the brothers Meir Levi and Shaul Levi, aided by Sasson Shem Tov. The fans felt that they done the best to help their team. Until the 29th league game, Inclusive, out of 33, Beitar was in 12th and last place, with only five wins and ten draws, 25 points. The 30th game was won, and also the 31st game was won. The 32nd game was a draw 3–3 against Maccabi Qiryat Gat a rival in the bottom of the league. Beitar Jerusalem promoted itself to the 10th place. The last game was a draw 1–1 vs. the new champion Maccabi Haifa. Beitar ended the season with 7 league wins, 12 draws, 14 losses, 33 points, 39 goals for, 49 goals against, and kept the 10th place and survived in the Israeli premier league. Manor Hassan scored 11 league goals in his only season as the club player. Beitar scored 15 goals with three in State Cup games, including away win 7–2 over Sport Club Ashdod but lost 0–1[20] to Maccabi Haifa in the semifinal, on 7 May 2002.

2002–03 Season And the Honesty Prize awarded to Beitar Jerusalem[edit]

The club ended the season in the 9th place, and was certificated by the Israel Football Association as the Honest Team of the Season, in the merit of 0 red cards and 71 yellow cards of club players, the least numbers in the whole of the Israeli leagues. The prize was a DVD recorder given to the club with the certificate about the achievement.[21]

2003–04 Season[edit]

The news for the club came from Maccabi Tel Aviv F.C., the champion of 2002–2003 season. On 13 August 2003, three senior club members declared in a press conference: Avi Nimni and Tal Banin are being ousted from the club, because they were blamed in dividing the team as "Making Camps of separate players". Meir Panijel saw the opportunity to take Avi Nimni, the problem was his contract, assumed by millions of NIS. Meir Panijel offered 3 Million NIS. After months of negotiations, en elaborate deal was made. Nimni will get a contract of 4200000 NIS for a 2½ seasons, a part of it will be paid by Maccabi Tel aviv F.C. Nimni Joined With Beitar Jerusalem in mid season, scored eight league goals and Beitar ended the season in the 9th place.

2004–05 Season[edit]

Avi Nimni continued to play with the club, added 12 more league goals, his charisma helped getting the 4th place. By the end of the season Avi nimni aggregate score was 20 league goals in 50 league games.

Beitar Jerusalem at their training grounds located between Beit Hakerem and Bayit Vegan

2005–06 season: Arcadi Gaydamak arrives[edit]

During the summer of 2005 it was proven that Meir Panijel, has financial problems. The only worthy thing that remained out of his ownership of the club is the value of the training court in Bayit Vegan. After Spending 60 million NIS in about four years he looked for his way out. The contract of Avi Nimni was a huge burden. Nimni was returned to Maccabi Tel Aviv F.C. by its fans that threw away all three persons that expelled him two years earlier. Panijel got a relief for Beitar Jerusalem finance, 1 year short of Nimni's contract with the club, both separated in good ways. The help to Beitar was unexpected after the 2005–2006 season started. On 18 August 2005, the club was bought by Russian-born billionaire Arcadi Gaydamak for 35500000 NIS without buying of the training court in Bayit Vegan. Ever since Meir panijel leases the training courts to the club for a yearly fee. Arcadi Gaydamak angered some Beitar fans when he donated $400,000 to Bnei Sakhnin in a diplomatic gesture. However, under Gaydamak, the club soon established itself as having the largest budget in Israeli football. Several new players were signed such as Jérôme Leroy, Fabrice Fernandes, David Aganzo and the club eventually signed manager Luis Fernández. Beitar finished 3rd in the league and qualified for the UEFA Cup in 2005–06.

2006–07 Season: The 5th championship[edit]

Ossie Ardiles was appointed manager at the start of the 2006–07 season, but was sacked after disappointing results in the UEFA Cup. His replacement, Yossi Mizrahi, led the club to the title of 5th championship on 7 May 2007, three games ahead of season's end, during a TV news broadcast,[22] when the club got the title ofter Maccabi Tel Aviv was punished by decreasing two league points for a financial fraud involving the contracts of two of its players, increasing the margin of Beitar Jerusalem from 8 to 10 points when three games worth nine points together were left to play. After a crazy celebration made by the fans ahead on the evening of 6 May 2007 after a win against Hapoel Petah Tiqwa 2–0, because of a rumor that the championship was secured, which was false then. On 8 May 2007, the club player Milovan Mirošević told the press: "It is weird to win the championship without a game." Beitar Jerusalem did the best to win its next game over Hapoel tel aviv and won 2–1, to prove to be entitled for the championship on the pitch.

2007–08 Season: The 6th championship and the 6th State Cup[edit]

In the summer of 2007, Yitzhak Shum came to be the club manager. In 2007–08 the club won its first championship and State Cup. Double, winning the championship title on 17 May 2008 by nine points and beating Hapoel Tel Aviv 5–4 on penalties in the cup final after a 0–0 draw, on 13 May 2008 for winning the State cup for the sixth time.

2008–09 Season: the 7th State Cup[edit]

The following season, 2008–09 season started when Yitzhak Shum as club manager, but bad start to the league and disqualification to UEFA Champions League, Shum was sacked without stopping his wages payments. Reuven Atar came to be the coach. In an improved 1/3 end of the season, Beitar won the State Cup for the 7th time, beating Maccabi Haifa 2–1 in the final on 26 May 2009, despite finishing the game with 10 players vs. 11. Cristian Alvarez and Aviram Baruchyan scored for the club.

2009–10 Season: the 2nd Toto Cup[edit]

In July 2009, Guma Aguiar invested over US$4 million and it was widely expected that he would take over ownership of the club, and indeed claimed to be so in December 2009. This was denied by the Israel Football Association, stating that Gaydamak remains the owner due to his ongoing legal issues complicating the sale of the club.[23] Yitzhak Shum was returned to work for his contract did not end. On 26 January 2010, Beitar Jerusalem won the Toto Cup for the second time, by winning 1–0 over Hapoel Ra'anaanah, Idan Vered scored, and the trophy was given along with 1300000 NIS. On the beginning of the tournament Fans told Toto Tamuz: "Please win the cup called after your name" and he became the tournament star when he scored five goals out of the club total 15 goals. The club won seven games, one of them by a technical 3–0, one draw and one loss. Yizhak Shum told the media that he fulfilled his mission: Winning all three titles with Beitar Jerusalem, namely Championship, State Cup and Toto Cup, but he was unfortunate: Many fans claimed the his football is "boring" and "sickening" and he had hard times from crowds without honour. He was fired before the season ended with the club ending the league in the 5th place. The club ended the season in financial profit, made by the Toto Cup money.

2010–2011 Season[edit]

Uri Malmilian started the season as a manager. In Toto Cup games the team started successfully. It passed the group stage without losing, ending 1st place while setting its record score of any time in this tournament. On 9 November 2010 the club won 8–0 vs. Sport Club Ashdod, qualified to the quarter final. In the league games the club had hard times. Uri Malmilian asked to resign, but remained as a manager until after the 18th game beitar had only 19 points, then he resigned, and was replaced by Ronny Levy. Beitar Jerusalem lost the Toto cup quarter final to Maccabi Petah Tiqwa in penalties shootout. In the league the club ended in the 11th place.

In July 2011, Beitar Jerusalem announced theat a deal was made between club owner Arcadi Gaydamak and American businessmen Dan Adler and Adam Levin who were to take over the club. The deal fell through, when Adler and Levin heard about the club debts, deciding to do not pay them. Since, both were referred by Beitar fans as "Two clowns who came to make an advertising trip on the expense of Beitar Jerusalem."[24]

The 2011–12 season[edit]

During June 2011, David Amsalem was appointed as a coach, but few days before the league start in August he suddenly resigned a day after the team won 1–0 in a Toto Cup game. Amsalem told that The team is not prepared for the season, without new players he could not be responsible to the future. Yuval Naim replaced him. An Unsuccessful start caused an end to his job when the club was close to the league's bottom. Eli Cohen (born 1951) the winner of 1997 championship came. He won the title "Coach of the season" because of a sequence of 8 Beitar Jerusalem's league wins during his period. Beitar finished the season in the 9th place.

On 17 June 2012, Gaydamak announced his decision to give up the ownership of Beitar Jerusalem, he sent a letter to the media, in which he specified the titles won by the club in his period, and the total sum of money that he invested in the club, by then: 378886000 NIS.[25]

The 2012–13 disastrous season[edit]

When Beitar Jerusalem was not sold, Arcadi Gaydamak, still as the club owner, unwillingly almost was forced to invest in the club 3.5 million NIS in two payments of 1 million and 2.5 million, when Gaydamak continued to search for buyer(s) to the club, during the season. The season started badly but later improved and in January 2013, the club reached to the 4th place. On 9 January 2013, the club had 0–0 in a friendly game held in Grozny vs. Terek Grozny with a cold temperature of −2 Celsius. Among spectators were Arcadi Gaydamak and Ramazan Qadirov sitting side by side. Gaydamak searched buyers to Beitar Jerusalem among Russian Jewish businessmen while searching for players in Grozny. A split was caused among Beitar's fans about two weeks after the game, when the news came that two young Chechen players, Dzhabrail Kadiyev and Zaur Sadayev, were loaned from Terek Grozny.[26] On that day the cub lost 0–2 Vs. Bnei Yehuda. Among The "Ultras" called La Familia[27] were the so-called-fans who started to demonstrate in front of Arcadi Gaydamak home, in training court in Bayit Vegan and during games. The reason was that both Sadayev and Kadiyev are Moslems. The quality of their playing ability was not an issue at all, even when team mates told the press that both Sadayev and Qadayev are good players. Shouts and curses towards two players were routine, endless arguments among fans where routine, when team mates and coach and management stood by the two players only to be cursed in public by crazy so-called fans. The culminations of outrage where:

In the early hours of Friday, 8 February 2013, the club building beside the training court was set on fire. The main damage was inflicted to the memorabilia room held by quartermaster Meir Harush, trophies and old shirts were burned.[28][29]

Later the fitness coach was car attacked by the so-called fans near the training courts.

During the last of 16 State Cup games vs. Maccabi Tel Aviv F.C., Jibrail Qadayev was attacked by a Maccabi Tel Aviv Fan who hit him when Qadayev sat on the Beitar Jerusalem bench. The incident was filmed, and Maccabi Tel Aviv management announced that the criminal will be ousted from Maccabi Tel Aviv activities forever. Beitar won 2–0, qualified to quarter finals, and was beaten in the quarterfinal game 0–3 by Maccabi Haifa.

A bizarre incident occurred when, during a league game vs. Maccabi Netanya wherein Zaur Sadayev scored his only goal for Beitar Jerusalem in the season, 280 or 300[30] Beitar fans stood up immediately and left the stadium in "protest"; the game ended in a 1–1 draw.

Most of last games were awful except for a win 1–0 vs. Hapoel Be'er Sheva, and the club position in the league table deteriorated. Jibrail Qadayev's only time on the pitch in the season was when he entered one of the games on the 79:52-minute exactly and played till the game ended. On the last game vs. Bnei Sakhnin, Zaur Sadayev got a red card from the referee on the 39th minute, after a clear fault made by him. Some Beitar fans said that he celebrated with Bnei Sakhnin fans. The game ended as a 0–0 draw. Beitar ended the season in the 10th place, ensuring that their next season would be in the 1st division.

The end of Arcadi Gaydamak era[edit]

Later Arcadi Gaydamak told the press that all he wanted is to help the club by bringing Zaur Sadayev and Jibrail Qadayev. They ran away immediately. Arcadi Gaydamak also disappeared after investing 382386000 NIS in Beitar Jerusalem. During almost eight years, the Adult club achieved five titles: two Championships, two State Cups and one Toto Cup. The 16–18 years-of-age youth team of the club achieved four titles: two championships and two Cups during 2006–08 and the 15 years-of-age youth team achieved the Nike mini football tournament in 2007.

The beginning of Eli Tabib era[edit]

On 20 June 2013, the team was bought by Eli Tabib; the deal was confirmed on 2 July 2013. Eli Tabib took the responsibility to pay Beitar-Jerusalem F.C. debts, totaled by 12.5 Million NIS. The media reported that he paid most of them during August 2013.

Crest[edit]

Since the foundation of the Beitar movement, the Menorah has become a theme that has run throughout the years.

Shirt sponsors and manufacturers[edit]

Period Kit Manufacturer Shirt Sponsor
1999–2000 Diadora Cellcom (Israel)
2000–2001 Subaru
2001–2002 Lotto Eldan
2002–2003 Fresh&Go
2003–2004 Diadora Hot (Israel)
2004–2005 Kappa
2005–2006 014
2006–2007 Adidas
2007–2008 B.Yair
2008–2011 Eldan
2011–2013 Diadora
2013–2014 Eldad Perry Group
2014– Puma iTrader

Stadium[edit]

Teddy Stadium, Beitar's home ground.

As of July 2010

Main article: Teddy Stadium

The club was initially based at the "Banana Field" close to Beitar youth group's "nest", but by the 1950s they had moved to the YMCA Stadium, which was later shared with Hapoel Jerusalem. The YMCA was nicknamed "the sandbox" due to the poor condition of the pitch.

In 1991, both clubs moved to the Teddy Stadium, named after longtime Jerusalem mayor Teddy Kollek. Initially the stadium was two-sided and held 12,000 spectators. This was increased to 21,600 when a third side was completed in 1997. The fourth side of the stadium was completed in the summer of 2013 in anticipation of the UEFA under 21 championship hosted by Israel, increasing the capacity of the stadium to 34,000 seats.[31] The ground has been dubbed Gehinom (lit. Hell) by club supporters, for the hostile atmosphere it presents to visiting teams and their fans.

Fans and anti-Arabism[edit]

The most vocal supporters of Beitar Jerusalem make up the controversial nationalist La Familia group.[32] These fans are well known for their hatred of Arabs and their pride in the fact that Beitar Jerusalem is the only team in the IPL that has never had an Arab player. Fans in and out of the stadium's stands chant anti-Arab and racist slogans. The club has also been penalized many times for the behavior of its fans.[33][34]

Although Beitar Jerusalem has yet to have an Arab player, team leaders say that they would welcome an Arab player when the right conditions make it possible.[33][34]

Goram Ajoyev, a Tajik player, was the first Muslim player who ever played for Beitar Jerusalem. In the hardships of the 1989–90 season, his religion was unnoticed to most fans. The fans liked Ajoyev as he did his best in 13 games during the second half of the hard season. Ajoyev's single goal in the last game, when Beitar won 3–2 over Maccabi Netanya helped the club to secure the next season in the Liga Leumit, then the first Israeli league.

Viktor Paço,[35] an Albanian player, was a star for Beitar Jerusalem. He scored 21 league goals in 67 games and at least 2 State Cup goals during 2 non-consecutive seasons: 1999–2000 and 2001–2002. In an interview to the Jerusalem newspaper "Kol Ha'Ir", he told that he is a Muslim, a fact that was mentioned later in the Israeli media.[36] Viktor Pacha was one of the fans' favourites.

Nigerian player Ndala Ibrahim, a Muslim, was on the team briefly in 2005 on loan from Maccabi Tel-Aviv, played 4 games, supported by the coach Eli Ohana but left after being mobbed by its fans. He returned to Maccabi Tel Aviv and quickly went away to Nigeria.[37] In 2013 the team's owner signed two Chechen Muslim players, Zaur Sadaev and Dzhabrail Kadiyev, which led to protests from fans which Israeli Deputy Prime Minister Moshe Yaalon condemned as shocking and racist, stating "I was shocked by the racism displayed in the Beitar Jerusalem stands yesterday against having Muslim or Arab players on the team".[37][38] Fans of the club reportedly displayed a banner bearing the words "Beitar – pure forever" and "chanted anti-Arab slogans" at a match on the day that the players were signed, leading to four arrests. On 8 February 2013, 2 fans, Matan Navon and Evyatar Yosef[39] set fire to the club's administrative offices, apparently in response to the signing of Sadaev and Kadiyev. Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu, who is a Beitar supporter, condemned the arson as "shameful" and "racist".[40] On 3 March, Sadaev scored his first goal for Beitar during a league game against Maccabi Netanya, prompting hundreds of the team's fans to leave the stadium.[41]

In late August 2013, after Ibrahim Bangura of Sierra Leone joined the club, he was tolerated. On 31 August 2013 he gave an assist to he scorer Tzahi Elihen, after 17 minutes of playing vs. Maccabi Petah Tikva F.C. when Beitar won 3–1. On 29 September 2013 Ibrahim Bangura scored his first goal, and later was shown a red card a game vs. Hapoel Ra'anana, before ending in a 2–2 draw. On 2 November 2013 Ibrahim Bangura scored another 2 goals, when Beitar won 2-1 over Bnei Yehuda Tel Aviv. He was praised by Beitar fans. Later, Bangura suffered from an injury, and in January 2014 he left Beitar Jerusalem, when coach Ronny Levy wanted bring new players to Beitar. Bangura told in An interview to Israeli newspaper HaAretz, that he was asked by his agent about his religion: "Have you a tattoo of a cross on your body ?", Bangura asked "Why", and was answered: "They do not recruit Muslim players", so Bangura asked "What is wrong with Moslems" and provided a photograph of the tattoo and the agent sent it to the club... "Your name is Ibrahim and your late brother name was Muhammad, those are Moslem names", Bangura answered: "The father of my grand father was a Moslem, but I go to a church every Sunday." The full interview was quoted in a Beitar fans forum, and started a discussion, in which the person who started it wrote that he is "shameful", and another reference in the discussion wondered if the fans who tolerated Bangura knew that he had a tattoo of a cross.[42]

Players[edit]

First team[edit]

As of 9 September 2014
No. Position Player
1 Israel GK Boris Klaiman
2 Israel DF Eli Dasa
4 Israel DF Ze'ev Haimovich
5 Spain DF César Arzo
6 Israel DF Tal Kachila
7 Israel MF Omer Atzili
8 Israel MF Shlomi Azulay
9 Israel FW Itzik Cohen
10 Israel MF Hanan Maman
11 Israel MF Lidor Cohen
12 Israel FW Avishay Cohen
14 Brazil MF Claudemir
No. Position Player
15 Israel DF Shmulik Malul
17 Israel DF David Keltjens
20 Israel FW Omer Nachmani
22 Israel GK Ben Rahav
23 Israel DF Tomer Yerucham
24 Israel MF Ofir Kriaf (Captain)
25 Montenegro FW Žarko Korać
26 Israel MF Mor Shaked
36 Israel MF Dani Preda
81 Serbia DF Dušan Matović (Vice-captain)
99 Israel FW Tomer Swisa

Foreigners 2014–15[edit]

Only up to five non-Israeli nationals can be in an Israeli club squad. Those with Jewish ancestry, married to an Israeli, or who have played in Israel for an extended period of time can claim a passport or permanent residency which would allow them to play with Israeli status.

Youth team[edit]

No. Position Player
1 Israel GK Stav Shushan (captain)
3 Israel DF Shay Ya'akov
5 Israel DF Or Zehavi
7 Israel MF Bar Shalon
8 Israel MF Yonatan Nitzkan
9 Israel FW Moshe Peretz
10 Israel FW Yarin Mahatbi
11 Israel FW Assaf Hadad
13 Israel DF El'ad Avni
No. Position Player
15 Israel MF Stav Ben Aharon
17 Republic of the Congo MF Thibault Biassadila Mouanga
19 Israel MF Evyatar Nitzko
20 Israel MF Or Vaknin
21 Israel MF Rafael Ami'el
22 Israel GK Roei Tubina
24 Israel MF Yakir Alfi
26 Israel DF Mor Fhima
28 Israel MF Stav Nahari

2013–14 Season[edit]

[55]

  • 28) 6 April 2014: Bnei Yehuda Tel-Aviv - Beitar Jerusalem 1-0.
  • 29) 13 April 2014: Beitar Jerusalem - F.C. Ashdod 1-0, scorer for Beitar:

Shlomi Azulay (78).[56]

Final standing: 7th place. Wins: 12, Draws: 6, Losses: 15, Goals For: 31, Goals Against: 32, Points: 42.

Former players[edit]

Most appearances[edit]

Rank Name Period Games Goals
1 Israel Uri MalmilianStar*.svg 1973–89 423 140
2 Israel Hanan Azulay 1974–89 369 041
3 Israel Itzhak Jano 1968–83 375 009
4 Israel Yossi MizrahiStar*.svg 1972–88 371 000
5 Israel Itzik Kornfein 1995–07 366 000
6 Israel Eli OhanaStar*.svg 1980–87
1991–99
345 142
Israel Yossi Hakham 1965–80 345 001
8 Israel Shaul Mizrahi 1953–70 304 040
9 Israel Eitan Mizrahi 1989–03 299 012
10 Israel Sami Malka 1980–92 288 047
11 Israel Udi Rubowitch 1963–74 281 081
12 Israel Meir Kadosh 1984–95 279 000
Israel Ya'akov Schwartz 1983–94 279 035
14 Israel Danny Noyman 1971–80
1982–84
264 034
15 Israel Shlomi Avrahami 1960–73 260 020
16 Israel David Amsalem 1995–98
2000–09
252 011
17 Ukraine Serhiy Tretyak 1992–2000 239 003
18 Israel Aviram Baruchyan 2002–12 237 036
19 Israel Itzhak Monsa 1958–68 235 051
20 Israel Hai Mizrahi 1954–65 229 001
Israel Yossi Avrahami 1974–84 229 018

Player of the year[edit]

Year Winner
2004–05 Israel Avi Nimni
2005–06 Israel Yoav Ziv
2006–07 Israel Michael Zandberg
2007–08 Israel Gal Alberman
2008–09 Israel Barak Yitzhaki
2009–10 Israel Ariel Harush
2010–11 Israel Kobi Moyal
2011–12 Israel Eli Cohen (born 1951) (Manager)
2012–13 Israel Ofir Kriaf

Managers[edit]

Honours[edit]

Domestic competitions[edit]

League[edit]

Cups[edit]

  • State Cup
    • Winners (7) : 1976, 1979, 1985, 1986, 1989, 2008, 2009
    • Runners-up (3): 1975, 1999, 2000
  • Toto Cup
    • Winners (2) : 1997–98, 2009–10
    • Runners-up (4): 1984–85, 1993–94, 1998–99, 2000–01
  • Israeli Supercup
    • Winners (2) : 1976, 1986
    • Runners-up (4): 1978, 1979, 1985, 1989

Other[edit]

  • Shalom Cup (Roma)
    • Winners (1) : 2000
  • Lilian Cup
    • Winners (1) :1985
  • Mini Football Championship
    • Winners (1) :1988

References[edit]

  1. ^ Many of these additions are based on the book in (Hebrew): אני אוהב אותך בית"ר תולדות בית"ר ירושלים, Literally: "I love you Beitar The history of Beitar Jerusalem". The description of the club founding comes before the mentioning outbreak of the Arab revolt of 1936–1939, which occurred on 19 April 1936.
  2. ^ "I Love You Beitar..." page 272
  3. ^ "I Love You Beitar..." page 16
  4. ^ Now: Israeli flag
  5. ^ (Hebrew): ארץ ישראל literally: 'Land Of Israel'
  6. ^ (Hebrew): אני אוהב אותך בית"ר תולדות בית"ר ירושלים, Literally: "I love you Beitar The history of Beitar Jerusalem", p. 20.
  7. ^ a b Israel – List of Final Tables RSSSF
  8. ^ The book: "I Love You Beitar...", pp. 74–75
  9. ^ a b Israel – List of Cup Finals RSSSF
  10. ^ A literally translation from one of two well remembered songs that were composed after 16 June 1976.
  11. ^ A second Beitar's song tells "Malmilian and Danny Noyman brought us the glory": The Song includes a recording of 1:14 Minute taken from the Radio Broadcast of the game of 16 June 1976 a live description of the goal of Uri Malmilian, here: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=GbHHNzjHt7A
  12. ^ The final was not televised, because the shirts of Maccabi Tel Aviv players bore a sponsor commercial. It was prohibited to show commercials in a state run TV then, the law about it was changed later to allow broadcasting advertisements.
  13. ^ Avraham Klein was not a referee in Beitar's games ever again. On 27 May 1986, Israeli Football Association planned to give him an award when he retired on occasion of State Cup final, but 16000 Beitar Jerusalem fans where there escorting the team, among them were the writer of those lines and his brother. Klein did not show up, knowing about the song of curses heard by Beitar's fans since 12 September 1981 against Avraham Klein, and fearing the Beitar fans' reaction. The prize of Israeli Football Association was given to Klein privately. In 2000, 19 years after the troubled game, Yossi Mizrahi was asked about the game and said he forgave Klein. Also Ivanir memorized his goal. Klein defended his decision to disallow Yaron Adiv's goal, but years later in his autobiography he apologized for not stopping the game before Moti Ivanir's goal. There are among Beitar Jerusalem long time fans that claim until today that the troubled game was a set-up. Up to them: Avraham Klein is a Maccabi Tel Aviv fan, a good reason for him for setting the score in his favored team.
  14. ^ This descriptive title is taken from the book: "I Love You Beitar..." regarding this season
  15. ^ The goals ratio was not clear: Earlier that season Maccbi Haifa Got A Technical win over Shimshon Tel Aviv after a referee was hit by an half eaten apple that was thrown from the crowd. Shimshon was to be blamed about it. So It is not remembered well if A draw of Beitar could even the standings of 1–2 places, or being 1st or 2nd.
  16. ^ He was not Avi Cohen who came from Maccabi Tel Aviv F.C. to Liverpool F.C.
  17. ^ 23 April 1940 - 29 April 2014
  18. ^ The quartermaster of Beitar Meir Harush became famous in Greek media at that evening: Beitar Jerusalem whole team flew directly from Italy to Greece to play vs. P.A.O.K. F.C. in UEFA Cup tournament. Local media heard about Beitar's newly winning and when Meir Harush came out of the airplane, carrying the trophy he was immediately surrounded by photographers. It was told that somebody in Greece said that Beitar Jerusalem should be regarded as a serious team.
  19. ^ The news about the bank account were known from the media but most of the fans knew the number after the account was closed and the money collected. The writer of these lines knew the number years later from the book "I love you Beitar".
  20. ^ Source: "I Love You Beitar...", page: 272.
  21. ^ When the writer of these lines bragged for that prize in a Beitar's fans internet forum he was answered by a question: "What are you proud of? The DVD?! The reason for ending in the 9th place without a red card and only 71 yellow cards is that Beitar's players did not fight..."
  22. ^ The editor of these news knew it for about an hour earlier, when he got in the midst of a TV broadcast a phone call from his father: "Congratulations !" and asked about the reason for the announcement in the news, he was answered shortly.
  23. ^ Jpost:IFA confirms Gaydamak remains registered as owner
  24. ^ Adler/Levin deal crumbles
  25. ^ A picture of the upper part of the letter in Hebrew, the sum of 378886000 is visible. http://img.mako.co.il/2012/06/17/304511_C.jpg
  26. ^ The threats were clear ahead, there was a quote from one Beitar's so-called-fan: "If they are going to bring Moslem players, we are going to dismantle this team and relegate it to Liga Gimal", referring to the 5th and last league in Israeli football.
  27. ^ A worng spelled name taken from Italian language, the correct spelling should be "Famiglia".
  28. ^ The media told that two suspects in ignition where caught and were put on trial: on 10 November 2013 both Matan Navon and Evyatar Yosef were convicted and imprisoned. Source in Hebrew: http://www.mivzaklive.co.il/archives/78865.
  29. ^ Good fans brought their memorabilia and gave it to Meir Harush as presents.
  30. ^ Media reports vary.
  31. ^ http://sports.walla.co.il/?w=/7/2647848
  32. ^ Heller, Aron (20 January 2012). "Israeli club paying price for racist fans". Associated Press. 
  33. ^ a b "Episode 11". E:60. Season 6. 6 November 2012. ESPN.
  34. ^ a b "Israeli club paying price for racist fans". FOXSports.com. Microsoft. 19 January 2012. Retrieved 6 November 2012. 
  35. ^ http://www.footballdatabase.eu/football.joueurs.viktor.pacha.31799.en.html
  36. ^ Among many sources: http://www.haaretz.co.il/sport/israel-soccer/1.1915350 (in Hebrew)
  37. ^ a b Israeli soccer club's fans object to adding Muslim players, 27 January 2013
  38. ^ Beitar Jerusalem to sign two Muslim players despite fans' protests, Haaretz
  39. ^ on 10 November 2013 both Matan Navon and Evyatar Yosef were convicted and imprisoned. Source in Hebrew: http://www.mivzaklive.co.il/archives/78865.
  40. ^ Gittings, Paul (8 February 2013). "Israeli football club torched after signing Muslim players". CNN. Retrieved 13 February 2013. 
  41. ^ Dawber, Alistair; Walker, Shaun (4 March 2013). "'It's not racism. The Muslim players just shouldn't be here': Beitar Jerusalem fans walk out over signing of two Muslim Chechen players". The Independent. Retrieved 30 August 2014. 
  42. ^ Source in Hebrew]: http://www.tapuz.co.il/Forums2008/ViewMsg.aspx?ForumId=290&MessageId=173380559#173405436 , the bold letters are the quotation from HaAretz of the full interview, the discussion about Bangura's religion is a small part of it.
  43. ^ Hebrew report with a short film of the game, here: http://www.one.co.il/Article/222109.html
  44. ^ Hebrew report with a short film of the game, here: http://www.one.co.il/Article/223612.html
  45. ^ Hebrew report with a short film of the game, here: http://www.one.co.il/Article/224338.html
  46. ^ Hebrew report here: http://www.one.co.il/Article/224873.html
  47. ^ Hebrew report with short film of the game, here: http://www.one.co.il/Article/227386.html
  48. ^ Hebrew report with short film of the game, here: http://www.one.co.il/Article/13-14/1,1,2,0/228791.html
  49. ^ Hebrew report is here: http://www.one.co.il/Article/229034.html
  50. ^ A short film is here: https://www.facebook.com/photo.php?v=605720819501464&set=vb.131511473686079&type=2&theater
  51. ^ A Hebrew report with a short film of the game is here: http://www.one.co.il/Article/229378.html
  52. ^ A Hebrew report, with a short film of the game: http://www.one.co.il/Article/229625.html
  53. ^ Another Hebrew report: http://www.sport5.co.il/HTML/Articles/Article.64.163873.html
  54. ^ Hebrew report with a short film, here: http://www.one.co.il/Article/13-14/1,1,2,0/230242.html
  55. ^ Here is a Hebrew report: http://www.one.co.il/Article/13-14/1,1,0,0/231488.html
  56. ^ Here is a Hebrew report, with a short film of the game: http://www.one.co.il/Article/232151.html
  57. ^ A report in Hebrew is here: http://www.one.co.il/Article/232710.html
  58. ^ Here is a Hebrew report with a short film of the game: http://www.one.co.il/Article/13-14/1,1,0,0/233335.html

External links[edit]