Beji Caid el Sebsi

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Beji Caid el Sebsi
Beji Caid el Sebsi at the 37th G8 Summit in Deauville 006.jpg
Prime Minister of Tunisia
In office
27 February 2011 – 24 December 2011
President Fouad Mebazaa (Acting)
Moncef Marzouki
Preceded by Mohamed Ghannouchi
Succeeded by Hamadi Jebali
President of Chamber of Deputies
In office
14 March 1990 – 9 October 1991
President Zine El Abidine Ben Ali
Preceded by Slaheddine Baly
Succeeded by Habib Boularès
Minister of Foreign Affairs
In office
15 April 1981 – 15 September 1986
Prime Minister Mohammed Mzali
Rachid Sfar
Preceded by Hassen Belkhodja
Succeeded by Hédi Mabrouk
Personal details
Born (1926-11-26) 26 November 1926 (age 87)
Sidi Bou Said, Tunisia
Political party Call of Tunisia
Other political
affiliations
Independent (2011–2012)
Constitutional Democratic Rally (Before 2011)
Spouse(s) Chadlia Saïda Farhat
Children Amel Caïd Essebsi
Mohamed Hafedh Caïd Essebsi
Salwa Caïd Essebsi
Khélil Caïd Essebsi
Religion Islam

Beji Caid el Sebsi (Arabic: الباجي قائد السبسي‎, al-Bājī Qāʾid as-Sabsī; born 29 November 1926) is a Tunisian lawyer and politician. From 27 February 2011 to 24 December 2011, he was the Prime Minister of Tunisia.[1][2] He previously served as Minister of Foreign Affairs from 1981 to 1986.

Personal life[edit]

Born in Sidi Bou Said to a family from the beylical agricultural makhzen, he is a great-grandson of Ismail Caid Essebsi, a mamluk of Tunisian corsairs in Sardinia at the beginning of the 19th century, raised with the beylical family and later an important member of the beylical administration.[3][4]

He has two sons and two daughters.

Political career[edit]

He studied law in Paris and became a lawyer in 1952 at the Tunis bar, where he began his career with the defence of Neo Destour activists. After Tunisia's independence in 1956, he joined Prime Minister Habib Bourguiba as an adviser. From 1957 to 1971, he performed various functions such as director of the regional administration, general director of the Sûreté nationale, Interior Minister from 5 July 1965 to 8 September 1969, Minister-Delegate to the Prime Minister, Defence Minister from 7 November 1969 to 12 June 1970, and then Ambassador in Paris. From October 1971 to January 1972, he advocated greater democracy in Tunisia and resigned his function, then returned to Tunis. In April 1981, he came back to the government under Mohamed Mzali as Minister of Foreign Affairs, serving until September 1986.[4]

In 1987, he was appointed as Ambassador to Germany. From 1990 to 1991 he was the President of the Chamber of Deputies. His last parliamentary mandate ended in 1994.

Events since 2011[edit]

On 27 February 2011, he became Prime Minister after Mohamed Ghannouchi resigned amid pressure from the Tunisian Revolution. He left office on 24 December 2011 when Interim President Moncef Marzouki, elected by the Constituent Assembly, appointed Hamadi Jebali of the Islamist Ennahda Movement, which had won elections held in October.[5]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Tunisian PM Mohammed Ghannouchi resigns over protests, BBC News, 27 February 2011
  2. ^ Tarek Amara, Tunisian prime minister resigns amid protests, Reuters, 27 February 2011
  3. ^ Mohamed El Aziz Ben Achour, Catégories de la société tunisoise dans la deuxième moitié du XIXe siècle, éd. Institut national d'archéologie et d'art, Tunis, 1989 (French)
  4. ^ a b Ridha Khefi, "Béji Caïd Essebsi", Jeune Afrique, 13 March 2005 (French)
  5. ^ Mzioudet, Houda (14 December 2011), "Ennahda’s Jebali Appointed as Tunisian Prime Minister", Tunisia, retrieved 21 December 2011 
Political offices
Preceded by
Hassen Belkhodja
Minister of Foreign Affairs
1981–1986
Succeeded by
Hédi Mabrouk
Preceded by
Slaheddine Baly
President of the Chamber of Deputies
1990–1991
Succeeded by
Habib Boularès
Preceded by
Mohamed Ghannouchi
Prime Minister of Tunisia
2011
Succeeded by
Hamadi Jebali