Bekabad

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Bekabad
Bekobod/Бекобод
City
Bekabad is located in Uzbekistan
Bekabad
Bekabad
Location in Uzbekistan
Coordinates: 40°13′0″N 69°13′0″E / 40.21667°N 69.21667°E / 40.21667; 69.21667Coordinates: 40°13′0″N 69°13′0″E / 40.21667°N 69.21667°E / 40.21667; 69.21667
Country Flag of Uzbekistan.svg Uzbekistan
Province Tashkent Province
City status 1945
Population (2009)
 • Total 101,292
Time zone UZT (UTC+5)
 • Summer (DST) not observed (UTC+5)
Postal code 110500[1]
Area code(s) +998 9091[1]

Bekabad (Uzbek: Bekobod/Бекобод; Russian: Бекабад), formerly Begovat, is a city in eastern Uzbekistan. It lies along both banks of the Syr Darya River near Uzbekistan's border with Tajikistan.

Bekabad originally arose in connection with a cement plant. It received the status of a city in 1945. Until 1964, the city was known as Begovat.

Bekabad underwent rapid industrialization during the Soviet era. It has retained some of its industrial importance. Bekabad is home to a large steel mill and a cement factory. The Farkhad Dam and Farkhad Hydroelectric Plant lie just upstream from the city.

History[edit]

Bekabad originally arose in connection with a cement plant.[2] In 1942-44, a steel plant was constructed in the town.[3] In 1943-48, the Farkhad Dam and Farkhad Hydroelectric Plant was built near Bekabad.[2][4] The latter is a major source of electricity and irrigation water for Uzbekistan.

Bekobod received city status in 1945.[3] Until 1964, the city was known as Begovat.[5][6]

Geography[edit]

Bekabad lies along both banks of the Syr Darya River near Uzbekistan's border with Tajikistan. There are mountains to the northeast and southeast of the city. By road it is 140 kilometres (87 mi) south of Tashkent.[7]

Climate[edit]

Bekabad has a sharp continental climate with cold winters and hot summers.[3] The average June–July temperature is 28–30 °C (82–86 °F). Sometimes the average June–July temperature reaches 40 °C (104 °F). The mean temperature in January is −2 – −3 °C (28–27 °F).

Climate data for Bekabad
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C 5 9 16 23 29 35 36 35 30 23 14 7 21.8
Average low °C −4 −2 4 9 14 18 19 16 11 6 2 −2 7.6
Average precipitation mm 43.5 47.9 47.4 49.5 44.8 18.5 37.2 14 14.9 26.5 46.8 50.7 441.7
Average high °F 41 48 61 73 84 95 97 95 86 73 57 45 71.3
Average low °F 25 28 39 48 57 64 66 61 52 43 36 28 45.6
Average precipitation inches 1.713 1.886 1.866 1.949 1.764 0.728 1.465 0.55 0.587 1.043 1.843 1.996 17.39
Source: [8]

Demographics[edit]

In 2009, Bekabad had a population of 101,292.[9] Representatives of many ethnic groups can be found in the city. Uzbeks are the largest ethnic group.

Historical population
Year Pop. ±%
1959 40,000 —    
1970 58,000 +45.0%
1982 73,000 +25.9%
2000 84,400 +15.6%
2009 101,292 +20.0%
Source: [3][4][5][6][9]

Economy[edit]

Bekabad remains an important industrial city in independent Uzbekistan. It is home to a large steel mill and a cement factory. There are also a brick factory, a meat-packing plant, a cotton plant, and many small and medium enterprises.[4] The Farkhad Dam and Farkhad Hydroelectric Plant lie just upstream from the city.[10]

Education[edit]

Bekabad is home to a medical institute and a vocational school.[4] There are also 17 secondary schools, two music schools, and one sports school in the city.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Bekabad". SPR (in Russian). Retrieved 22 January 2015. 
  2. ^ a b "Angren". Encyclopædia Britannica. Retrieved 22 January 2015. 
  3. ^ a b c d Moʻminov, Ibrohim, ed. (1972). "Bekobod". Oʻzbek sovet ensiklopediyasi (in Uzbek) 2. Toshkent. p. 132. 
  4. ^ a b c d "Bekobod". Oʻzbekiston milliy ensiklopediyasi (in Uzbek). Toshkent: Oʻzbekiston milliy ensiklopediyasi. 2000–2005. 
  5. ^ a b "Bekobod". Ensiklopedik lugʻat (in Uzbek) 1. Toshkent: Oʻzbek sovet ensiklopediyasi. 1988. p. 89. 5-89890-002-0. 
  6. ^ a b "Bekabad" (in Russian). Akademik. Retrieved 22 January 2015. 
  7. ^ "Bekabad". Google Maps. Retrieved 22 January 2015. 
  8. ^ "Average high/low temperature for Bekabad, Uzbekistan". World Weather Online. Retrieved 22 January 2015. 
  9. ^ a b "Bekabad City" (in Russian). Goroda.uz. Retrieved 22 January 2015. 
  10. ^ "Farhod gidrouzeli". Oʻzbekiston milliy ensiklopediyasi (in Uzbek). Toshkent: Oʻzbekiston milliy ensiklopediyasi. 2000–2005. 

External links[edit]