Bela Palanka

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Bela Palanka
Бела Паланка
Municipality and Town
View from heights
View from heights
Coat of arms of Bela Palanka
Coat of arms
Location of the municipality of Bela Palanka within Serbia
Location of the municipality of Bela Palanka within Serbia
Coordinates: 43°13′N 22°19′E / 43.217°N 22.317°E / 43.217; 22.317Coordinates: 43°13′N 22°19′E / 43.217°N 22.317°E / 43.217; 22.317
Country  Serbia
District Pirot
Settlements 46
Government
 • Mayor

Goran Miljkovic

(DS)
Area[1]
 • Municipality 551 km2 (213 sq mi)
Population (2011 census)[2]
 • Town 8,112
 • Municipality 12,051
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 18310
Area code +381 18
Car plates PI[verification needed]
Website www.belapalanka.org.rs

Bela Palanka (Serbian Cyrillic: Бела Паланка, pronounced [bɛ̂ːlaː pǎlaːŋka]) is a town and municipality located in the Pirot District of south-east Serbia. According to 2011 census, the population of the town is 8,112, while population of the municipality is 12,051. In ancient times, the town was known as Remesiana. The name "Bela Palanka" means "white town".

Geography[edit]

Bela Palanka is a small town in the south-east of the country and is surrounded by beautiful countryside and mountains. The town is accessible from the nearby city of Niš by the "Niš Express" buses that run from Niš to Pirot, Babušnica, Dimitrovgrad and Sofia.

Demographics[edit]

Ethnic groups in the municipality (2002 census):

  • Serbs = 12,981
  • Roma = 1,228
  • others.

History[edit]

Originally settled by Dacians and known under the ancient name of Aiadava or Aeadaba. Thracians inhabited the area until their assimilation into contemporary ethnic groups in the area.

After the Romans conquered Moesia in the 75 BC, the new castrum (imperial domain with estates) and municipium was known initially as Ulpianorum and then Remesiana[3] (Moesi) and laid on the Via Militaris road, between Naissus and Serdica.

Emperor Justinian had following strongholds in the district of Remesiana:

Brittura Subaras Lamponiana Stronges Dalmatas Primiana Phrerraria Topera Tomes Cuas Tzertzenutzas Stens Aeadaba Destreba Pretzouries Cumudeba Deurias Lutzolo Rhepordenes Spelonca Scumbro Briparo Tulcoburgo Longiana Lupophantana Dardapara Burdomina Grinciapana Graecus Drasimarca

The patron saint of Romania, Nicetas of Remesiana, was a 4th-century bishop at Remesiana. Peter the Hermit was defeated by the Byzantines in the north and regrouped at an evacuated Bela Palanka, gathering the harvest before heading to Constantinople.[4]

Excavations include well-preserved castrum dating to 4th century, a hoard of 260 coins minted during the rule of Constantine I, Theodosius I, Tiberius Claudius Nero (3rd century AD).[5]

From 1929 to 1941, Bela Palanka was part of the Morava Banovina of the Kingdom of Yugoslavia.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Municipalities of Serbia, 2006". Statistical Office of Serbia. Retrieved 2010-11-28. 
  2. ^ "2011 Census of Population, Households and Dwellings in the Republic of Serbia: Comparative Overview of the Number of Population in 1948, 1953, 1961, 1971, 1981, 1991, 2002 and 2011, Data by settlements". Statistical Office of Republic Of Serbia, Belgrade. 2014. ISBN 978-86-6161-109-4. Retrieved 2014-06-27. 
  3. ^ http://www.roma-victrix.com/urbesetloca/urbesetloca_moesia.htm
  4. ^ God's war: a new history of the Crusades-Christopher Tyerman 2006
  5. ^ Ancient diseases: the elements of palaeopathology-Srboljub Živanović 1982

External links[edit]