Belair (airline)

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Belair Airlines AG
Belair Airlines Logo.png
Founded 1925 as (Balair)
Hubs Zürich Airport
Basel Airport
Frequent-flyer program topbonus
Fleet size 8
Destinations 38
Parent company Air Berlin
Headquarters 8152 Glattbrugg, Switzerland

Belair (Belair Airlines AG, trading as Air Berlin) is an airline located in Opfikon and based at Zurich Airport in Switzerland. It is a subsidiary of Air Berlin, a German airline,


1925: the first Balair[edit]

Basler Aviation AG -Balair- was founded by Balz Zimmermann in 1925 in Basel. The name Balair is a reference to the French name of the Basel:Bâle. The first route was from Basel to Freiburg and Mannheim. Balair grew rapidly. In 1929 Basel Airport was the largest airport in Switzerland, with direct flights to Zurich, Geneva, Lyon, Karlsruhe and Frankfurt. In response to the Great Depression, Balair (based in Basel) and Ad Astra Aero (based in Zurich) merged on 1 January 1931 to form Swissair, headquartered in Zurich.

Up to that point, Balair had carried over 18,000 passengers, 320 tons of cargo and 143 tons of mail. The company only flew in the summer and was mainly financed by federal subsidies and transportation of mail for the Swiss post office.

1950s to the 1980s: the second Balair[edit]

Balair Douglas DC-8 in Zurich (1985)

The second Balair was founded in January 1953. On 5 October 1952, the Basel electorate voted for the setting up a limited company. Hans Peter Tschudin was elected the first president.

Balair concentrated in its early years on flight training, aircraft maintenance and handling Swissair aircraft at Basel-Mulhouse airport.

In 1957, Balair entered the charter business with two Vickers 610 Viking aircraft. In 1959 Swissair acquired a 40% stake in Balair. Two Swissair DC-4 aircraft were added to the fleet.

During the Biafran airlift of 1967-71, chartered Balair aircraft, including C-97 Stratocruisers, were used extensively to deliver humanitarian aid to a remote Biafra airstrip in eastern Nigeria.

In 1979 Balair added a DC-10 (call sign HB-IHK) to its fleet. Up to then, the fleet was made up of a DC-6, a DC-9 and two DC-8s.

Balair CTA in the 1990s[edit]

Later, Swissair operated charter flights using the Balair name. In 1993 the two subsidiaries -Balair charter and CTA - Compagnie de Transport Aérien (Geneva) were merged form Balair-CTA. For political reasons, the registered office of the company was in Geneva, the accounting department in Basel. The operational base was moved to Zurich. Despite restructuring and mass layoffs was the Swissair charter business was unable to turn a profit. Operations were stopped in 1995. The short-haul operations were transferred to Crossair and long-haul operations were transferred to Swissair. In 1997, the charter business was outsourced again and on 1 November 1997 Balair-CTA resumed operations as a subsidiary of Swissair.

The new Balair at the end of the 1990s[edit]

The combination of charter and scheduled services proved unsuccessful. In 1997 another Swissair charter subsidiary was formed, using the old brand name Balair. On short and medium-haul routes, two Boeing 757-200 were operated exclusively for tour operator Hotelplan and its subsiduaries ESCO-Reise and M-Travel. The leasee was also Hotelplan. Belair also had two Boeing 767-300 for long-haul operations. The new Balair was affected by the fallout following the grounding of Swissair. On 5 October 2001, the last landed Balair flight in Zurich. The Boeing 767 were returned to the lessor. Hotelplan transferred their Boeing 757s to a specially-formed company called Belair Airlines.

From Balair to Belair in the early 2000s[edit]

Boeing 757-200 HB-IHR of Belair (early 2007)
Boeing 757-200 HB-IHS of Belair with newer colors (mid 2007)

In the fall of 2001, it became clear to tour operator Hotelplan that the end of Swissair and other SA Group airlines also meant the end of Balair. After consulting Migros (its parent company), Hotelplan founded a new charter airline called Belair Airlines. It was entered into the commercial register on 16 October. The minor name change meant it was possible to repaint the two Migros-owned Boeing 757s with very little effort. 120 Balair employees were employed by the new company.

The aircraft stayed grounded until all relevant operating certificates were transferred to the new company and the Swiss Federal Office of Civil Aviation issued an operating license. The first Belair commercial flight took place on 3 November 2001, taking off from Zurich. Flights were mainly to Mediterranean resorts and northern Africa. Besides the two Boeing 757-200s (HB-IHR and HB-IHS) it operated, Belair leased a Boeing 767-300 (HB-ISE) for long-haul operations.

In addition to the regular holiday flights were used Belair B767 and the Edelweiss A330 on several occasions along the returning holiday travelers from areas of conflict, natural disasters or after attacks. In collaboration with the Swiss Air Rescue REGA, the Swiss Air Rescue, the B757 HB-IHR was umkonzipiert of Belair so that they could be used in case of disasters as rescue aircraft Thus forming a partnership with REGA Belair in the repatriation.

Since 1 November 2007 Air Berlin in terms of a strategic partnership with a 49% stake in the company, which entered into force gradually. Cooperation with the Air Berlin increases its presence in Switzerland on the distribution network of the Migros group, conversely, is the Migros customers a significantly enlarged flights available. For this reason, the two Boeing 757-200ER has been repainted in Air Berlin colors and integrated into the fleet. The first aircraft in the new colors was the HB-IHR.

Belair as part of the Air Berlin Group[edit]

The company is since October 2009, fully owned by Air Berlin, which had entered 2007 with a 49% stake in Belair. The planes of Belair are integrated into the Air Berlin fleet and wear their colors.

Belair is today only company name. All flights are now being carried out under the Air Berlin brand. For legal reasons, certain traffic routes in non-EU countries will continue under the Belair IATA code '4T' out. Belair could increase significantly the number of employees (pilots and flight attendants). The corps of former Air Berlin Switzerland (Air Berlin pilots), the CHS Switzerland (Air Berlin flight attendants) and Belair were on the first January 2010 in the combined company Belair. Many of the former Belair flight attendants have left the company after the loss of long-haul destinations, due to staff turnover, many new employees for the flight attendant job are obtained, which has sometimes led to a slight narrowing of the cabin crews. Due to the domination of society is this out of Berlin, Air Berlin and in the financial statements are fully consolidated.


Belair operates on behalf of Air Berlin at different targets within its route network from Zurich, Basel and Geneva, in some cases. Targets are mainly located around the Mediterranean, as well as in Egypt and the Canary Islands. Flights within the EU are carried out with AB-Designator (Air Berlin). Flights outside the EU are on the road with 4T-flight number (Belair).


As of August 2013, Belair operates scheduled flights to the following destinations, in coopertion with Air Berlin.



Western Asia[edit]



(all flights are operated on behalf of Air Berlin)



As of 20 December 2013, the Belair fleet consists of the following aircraft:[1]

Belair fleet
Aircraft In Service Orders Passengers Notes
Airbus A319-100
Operate for Air Berlin
Airbus A320-200
Operate for Air Berlin
Total 8


  1. ^ "Swiss Aircraft Register". FOCA. Retrieved 1 August 2013. 

External links[edit]