Belair (airline)

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Belair Airlines AG
Belair Airlines Logo.png
IATA
4T
ICAO
BHP
Callsign
BELAIR
Founded 1925 as (Balair)
Hubs Zürich Airport
Basel Airport
Frequent-flyer program topbonus
Fleet size 8
Destinations 38
Parent company Air Berlin
Headquarters 8152 Glattbrugg, Switzerland
Website www.airberlin.com

Belair (Belair Airlines AG, trading as Air Berlin) is an airline located in Opfikon and based at Zurich Airport in Switzerland. It is a subsidiary of Air Berlin, a German airline.

History[edit]

1925: the first Balair[edit]

Basler Aviation AG -Balair- was founded by Balz Zimmermann in 1925 in Basel. The name Balair is a reference to the French name of the Basel:Bâle. The first route was from Basel to Freiburg and Mannheim. Balair grew rapidly. In 1929 Basel Airport was the largest airport in Switzerland, with direct flights to Zurich, Geneva, Lyon, Karlsruhe and Frankfurt. In response to the Great Depression, Balair (based in Basel) and Ad Astra Aero (based in Zurich) merged on 1 January 1931 to form Swissair, headquartered in Zurich.

Up to that point, Balair had carried over 18,000 passengers, 320 tons of cargo and 143 tons of mail. The company only flew in the summer and was mainly financed by federal subsidies and transportation of mail for the Swiss post office.

1950s to the 1980s: the second Balair[edit]

Balair Douglas DC-8 in Zurich (1985)

The second Balair was founded in January 1953. On 5 October 1952, the Basel electorate voted for the setting up a limited company. Hans Peter Tschudin was elected the first president.

Balair concentrated in its early years on flight training, aircraft maintenance and handling Swissair aircraft at Basel-Mulhouse airport.

In 1957, Balair entered the charter business with two Vickers 610 Viking aircraft. In 1959 Swissair acquired a 40% stake in Balair. Two Swissair DC-4 aircraft were added to the fleet.

During the Biafran airlift of 1967-71, chartered Balair aircraft, including C-97 Stratocruisers, were used extensively to deliver humanitarian aid to a remote Biafra airstrip in eastern Nigeria.

In 1979 Balair added a DC-10 (call sign HB-IHK) to its fleet. Up to then, the fleet was made up of a DC-6, a DC-9 and two DC-8s.

Balair CTA in the 1990s[edit]

Later, Swissair operated charter flights using the Balair name. In 1993 the two subsidiaries -Balair charter and CTA - Compagnie de Transport Aérien (Geneva) were merged form Balair-CTA. For political reasons, the registered office of the company was in Geneva, the accounting department in Basel. The operational base was moved to Zurich. Despite restructuring and mass layoffs was the Swissair charter business was unable to turn a profit. Operations were stopped in 1995. The short-haul operations were transferred to Crossair and long-haul operations were transferred to Swissair. In 1997, the charter business was outsourced again and on 1 November 1997 Balair-CTA resumed operations as a subsidiary of Swissair.

The new Balair at the end of the 1990s[edit]

The combination of charter and scheduled services proved unsuccessful. In 1997 another Swissair charter subsidiary was formed, using the old brand name Balair. On short and medium-haul routes, two Boeing 757-200 were operated exclusively for tour operator Hotelplan and its subsidiaries ESCO-Reise and M-Travel. The leasee was also Hotelplan. Belair also had two Boeing 767-300 for long-haul operations. The new Balair was affected by the fallout following the grounding of Swissair. On 5 October 2001, the last landed Balair flight in Zurich. The Boeing 767 were returned to the lessor. Hotelplan transferred their Boeing 757s to a specially-formed company called Belair Airlines.

From Balair to Belair in the early 2000s[edit]

Boeing 757-200 HB-IHR of Belair (early 2007)
Boeing 757-200 HB-IHS of Belair with newer colors (mid 2007)

In the fall of 2001, it became clear to tour operator Hotelplan that the end of Swissair and other SA Group airlines also meant the end of Balair. After consulting Migros (its parent company), Hotelplan founded a new charter airline called Belair Airlines. It was entered into the commercial register on 16 October. The minor name change meant it was possible to repaint the two Migros-owned Boeing 757s with very little effort. 120 Balair employees were employed by the new company.

The aircraft stayed grounded until all relevant operating certificates were transferred to the new company and the Swiss Federal Office of Civil Aviation issued an operating license. The first Belair commercial flight took place on 3 November 2001, taking off from Zurich. Flights were mainly to Mediterranean resorts and northern Africa. Besides the two Boeing 757-200s (HB-IHR and HB-IHS) it operated, Belair also leased a Boeing 767-300 (HB-ISE) for long-haul operations.

In addition to regular holiday flights, Belair's B767 and Edelweiss' A330 were used on several occasions to bring back travelers from areas of conflict, natural disasters or after attacks. As part of the partnership with REGA (Swiss Air Rescue), B755 HB-IHR was redesigned by Belair to be used as a rescue aircraft for repatriations in case of disasters.

Since 1 November 2007 Air Berlin in terms of a strategic partnership with a 49% stake in the company, which entered into force gradually. Cooperation with the Air Berlin increases its presence in Switzerland on the distribution network of the Migros group, conversely, is the Migros customers a significantly enlarged flights available. For this reason, the two Boeing 757-200ER has been repainted in Air Berlin colors and integrated into the fleet. The first aircraft in the new colors was HB-IHR.

Belair as part of the Air Berlin Group[edit]

The company has been fully owned by Air Berlin since October 2009. Air Berlin originally acquired a 49% in Belair in 2007. Belair's planes are part of Air Berlin's fleet and have Air Berlin's livery.

Today, Belair is just a company name. All flights are carried out using the Air Berlin brand. For legal reasons, certain traffic routes in non-EU countries will continue using Belair's IATA code, 4T. Belair has significantly increased the number pilots and flight attendants it employs. Air Berlin Switzerland (Air Berlin pilots), the CHS Switzerland (Air Berlin flight attendants) and Belair were combined to form the new company Belair on the first January 2010 . Many former Belair flight attendants left the company following the closure of long-haul destinations. Many new flight attendants were hired which lead to a slight reduction in the average age of cabin crew. Since Belair is controlled by Air Berlin, Belair is managed from Berlin and Air Berlin only publishes fully consolidated financial statements.

Today[edit]

Belair operates flights on behalf of Air Berlin to various destinations from Zurich, Basel and, in some cases, Geneva. The destinations are mainly located around the Mediterranean, as well as in Egypt and the Canary Islands. Flights within the EU are carried out using Air Berlin's IATA code. Flights to destinations outside the EU use IATA code 4T.

Destinations[edit]

As of November 2014, Belair operates scheduled flights to the following destinations, on behalf of Air Berlin.

Africa[edit]

 Egypt
 Tunisia

Western Asia[edit]

 Turkey

Europe[edit]

(all flights are operated on behalf of Air Berlin)

 Germany
 Spain
 Greece
 Italy
 Malta
 Kosovo
 Portugal
  Switzerland

Fleet[edit]

As of 20 December 2013, the Belair fleet consists of the following aircraft:[1]

Belair fleet
Aircraft In Service Orders Passengers Notes
Airbus A319-100
2
150
Operate for Air Berlin
Airbus A320-200
6
174
Operate for Air Berlin
Total 8

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Swiss Aircraft Register". FOCA. Retrieved 1 August 2013. 

External links[edit]